Maria Theresia Ahlefeldt

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Princess Maria Theresia of Thurn and Taxis
Countess of Ahlefeldt-Langeland
Born(1755-01-16)16 January 1755
Regensburg, Free Imperial City of Regensburg, Holy Roman Empire
Died20 December 1810(1810-12-20) (aged 55)
Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austrian Empire
SpouseFerdinand, Count of Ahlefeldt-Langeland
Full name
German: Maria Theresia
HouseHouse of Thurn and Taxis
House of Ahlefeldt
FatherAlexander Ferdinand, 3rd Prince of Thurn and Taxis
MotherPrincess Maria Henriette Josepha of Fürstenberg-Stühlingen
ReligionRoman Catholic

Maria Theresia Ahlefeldt (16 January 1755 in Regensburg, Free Imperial City of Regensburg, Holy Roman Empire [1][2] – died 20 December 1810 in Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austrian Empire[1][2]), was a Danish (originally German) composer. She is known as the first female composer in Denmark.

Life[edit]

Maria Theresia was the eldest child and daughter of Alexander Ferdinand, 3rd Prince of Thurn and Taxis (1704–73) and Princess Maria Henriette Josepha of Fürstenberg-Stühlingen (1732–72).[1][2] She was a younger half-sister of Karl Anselm, 4th Prince of Thurn and Taxis and niece of Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis.[2]

She grew in a cultural environment at the princely court in Regensburg, which was a center of French, German and Italian opera, theater, ballet, pantomimes and concerts. She was instructed in clavercin playing with her sisters and displayed an early talent of music composition.[3]

Maria Theresia was engaged to Prince Joseph of Fürstenberg from 1772 until her affair with Prince Philip of Hohenlohe in 1776. Her family, however, refused permission for her to marry Philip.[4] In 1780 in Prague, she married the Danish noble Ferdinand, Count of Ahlefeldt-Langeland (1747–1815) against the will of her family. Having conducted a marriage against the will of her family was a criminal act, for which she was forced to flee to avoid arrest.[5]

From 1780, Maria Theresia's spouse was marshal at the court of Ansbach, where she was active in the amateur theatre of Elizabeth Craven. During this time, she composed a libretto. In 1792–94, her spouse was marshal of the Danish royal court and director of the Royal Danish Theatre. Maria Theresia composed music for several ballets, operas, and plays of the royal theatre. She was given good critic as a composer and described as a “virkelig Tonekunstnerinde” ('a True Artist of Music').[6]

She moved to Dresden with her spouse in 1798, and lived from 1800 until her death in Prague.

Selection of work[edit]

  • La Folie, ou quel Conte! (libretto) 1780s
  • Telemak paa Calypsos Øe (music, aria, choir), 1792
  • Veddemaalet (music), 1793
  • Romance de Nina 1794/98

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Darryl Lundy (16 Dec 2008). "Maria Theresia Prinzessin von Thurn und Taxis". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
  2. ^ a b c d Paul Theroff. "THURN und TAXIS". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
  3. ^ "Dansk Kvindebiografisk Leksikon - Maria Theresia Ahlefeldt". kvinfo.dk. Retrieved 2014-09-21.
  4. ^ "Dansk Kvindebiografisk Leksikon - Maria Theresia Ahlefeldt". kvinfo.dk. Retrieved 2014-09-21.
  5. ^ "Dansk Kvindebiografisk Leksikon - Maria Theresia Ahlefeldt". kvinfo.dk. Retrieved 2014-09-21.
  6. ^ "Dansk Kvindebiografisk Leksikon - Maria Theresia Ahlefeldt". kvinfo.dk. Retrieved 2014-09-21.