Rosario Weiss Zorrilla

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Self-portrait (date unknown)

Maria del Rosario Weiss Zorrilla (2 October 1814, Madrid - 31 July 1843, Madrid) was a Spanish painter and engraver; best known for portraits. She was the goddaughter of Francisco de Goya and lived with him during his final years when her mother was his maid. Over seventy of her drawings, preserved at the Hispanic Society of America, were once attributed to Goya but, in 1956, the art historian José López-Rey demonstrated conclusively that they were hers.[1]

Biography[edit]

She was the daughter of Leocadia Zorrilla and, according to baptismal documents, her husband of seven years, Isidore Weiss, a German-Jewish jeweler whose family lived in Madrid.[2] However, in 1811, Weiss had sworn out a legal complaint accusing Leocadia of "illicit conduct". This, together with the fact that she went to live with Goya in 1817 (as his housekeeper, officially) fueled speculation that Rosario was Goya's child; or certainly not Weiss' in any event.

An Allegory of Attention

Goya began giving her drawing lessons, together with her first writing lessons, when she was only seven. Later, when he was living in self-exile in Bordeaux, she was the student of a local wallpaper designer.[1] At one point, he proposed sending her to Paris. This did not work out so, in 1827, she was placed under the tutelage of Pierre Lacour (1778-1859); son of the better-known Pierre Lacour.[3]

After Goya's death in 1828, Leocadia's relationship with his family became strained (she and his son Javier apparently hated each other) so she, Rosario, and her two other children returned to Spain in 1833, following an amnesty for those who had opposed King Ferdinand VII.[3] Once there, Rosario helped support her family by making copies of the Old Masters at the Museo del Prado. She continued her work as a copyist at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando and in various private collections. She also participated in exhibitions there and at the Liceo Artístico y Literario. In 1840, the Academia named her an "Academician of Merit".[3]

Portrait of her brother, Guillermo

That same year, she obtained an appointment as drawing tutor to Princesses Isabel and Luisa Fernanda, receiving a salary of 8,000 reales.[1] This position was apparently obtained by liberal friends of her brother, Guillermo, who knew Agustín Argüelles, Isabel's legal guardian.

According to a report by the royal doctor, her sudden death at the age of twenty-nine seems to have been precipitated by a severe emotional shock she suffered upon encountering a violent demonstration while leaving the Royal Palace, the day after the fall of the Espartero régime; what might now be called an acute stress reaction.[1] However, an obituary in the Gaceta de Madrid from later that year, written by a friend of her brother, indicates that she died from an intestinal infection (probably cholera).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Natacha Seseña, Goya y las mujeres, Taurus, 2005 ISBN 84-306-0507-X.
  2. ^ Baptismal document @ Info Goya '96.
  3. ^ a b c d Brief biography @ the Museo Lázaro Galdiano.

Further reading[edit]

  • Manuel Álvarez Lopera, Rosario Weiss. Vida y obra, Fundación Lázaro Galdiano, 2003
  • Jaime Esaín Escobar, Rosario Weiss, Ahijada de Goya, Mira Editorial, 2008 ISBN 978-84-96081-69-7

External links[edit]

Media related to Rosario Weiss Zorrilla at Wikimedia Commons