Matapedia River

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Matapedia River
PecheurSaumonRiviereMatapedia.JPG
Salmon fishing on the Matapedia River at "La fosse Les Fourches" (Forks pits)
Other name(s) "Rivière Matapédia", in French
Country Canada
Basin features
Main source Matapedia Lake,  Quebec
158 kilometres (98 mi)
48°29′32″N 67°26′57″W / 48.49222°N 67.44917°W / 48.49222; -67.44917
River mouth Restigouche River,  Quebec
8 metres (26 ft)
47°58′17″N 66°56′32″W / 47.97139°N 66.94222°W / 47.97139; -66.94222Coordinates: 47°58′17″N 66°56′32″W / 47.97139°N 66.94222°W / 47.97139; -66.94222
Basin size 3,834 kilometres (2,382.34 mi)
Tributaries
Physical characteristics
Length 112.7 kilometres (70.0 mi)

The Matapedia River (French: Rivière Matapédia) is a river in the Matapedia Valley in the province of Quebec, Canada. It runs on 65 kilometres (40 mi) from Matapedia Lake down to the village of Matapédia where it empties into the left bank of Restigouche River on the provincial border of New Brunswick.[1]

This freshwater course forms a natural border between the administrative regions of Bas-Saint-Laurent and Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine. The river is a North South divide in the Notre Dame Mountains that characterize the relief of the Gaspé Peninsula. The Matapedia River basin drains an area of about 3,900 kilometres (2,423.35 mi). Matapedia River is often called the  Salmon Capital .

From the South side of Matapedia Lake and going to the South, the route 132 along the river goes on its entire length by the East bank. While the Canadian National Railway passes South of Matapedia Lake continues on the West bank of the river in Causapscal where the bridge at South of the village made the raiway cross on the East bank. The track then continues South on 8.5 kilometres (5.3 mi); then passes again in the West Bank via the railway bridge located at 1.1 kilometres (0.68 mi) North of the confluence of the creek Doyle. The railway then rest on the West bank up to the railway bridge at the confluence of the Rivière du Moulin (Matapedia River). From there, the last railway segment passes through the Eastern shore, up to the confluence of the Matapedia River.

Course[edit]

Matapedia Lake becomes Matapedia River at Amqui, where it is a meander river for a distance of approximately 15 kilometres (9 mi). It widens into an elongated lake 1 kilometre wide and 7 kilometres (4 mi) long at Lac-au-Saumon before narrowing back to a river below the dam in the village of Causapscal. There, it joins with a major tributary, the Causapscal River, forming a pool that is renowned for its Atlantic salmon. From there, the river continues on until the New Brunswick border, where it empties into the Restigouche River.[2][3]

The Lake Matapedia (length: 22.0 kilometres (13.7 mi); height: 158 metres (518 ft)) is the head of water of the Matapedia River. This water plan 38 kilometres (23.61 mi) is located in the municipality Matapedia Lake, in Notre Dame Mountains. Its mouth is located in the Southeast to the height of a covered bridge.

The mouth of the Lake Matapedia is located at:

  • 87.0 kilometres (54.1 mi) Northwest from the confluence of the Matapedia River;
  • 39.7 kilometres (24.7 mi) Southeast pf South Coastal Gulf of Saint Lawrence;
  • 42.8 kilometres (26.6 mi) South of the bridge route 132 that spans on the Matane River.

From the mouth of the Matapedia Lake, Matapedia River flows over 87.7 kilometres (54.5 mi) as follow:

Higher Courses of the river(segment of 28.5 kilometres (17.7 mi))

  • 3.9 kilometres (2.4 mi) to the Southeast, up to the bridge of the city of Amqui of route 195;
  • 8.1 kilometres (5.0 mi) to the Southeast, up to the highway bridge;
  • 1.6 kilometres (0.99 mi) to the Southeast, with a detour to the Northeast to the Northwest shore of Salmon Lake (Matapédia);
  • 5.0 kilometres (3.1 mi) to the Southeast, crossing the Salmon Lake (Matapédia) on its full length;
  • 9.9 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the Southeast, to the confluence of the Causapscal River (from the Northeast) which is located on the South side of the village of Causapscal.

Lower course of the river (segment of 59.2 kilometres (36.8 mi))

  • 6.3 kilometres (3.9 mi) to the South, up to the highway bridge;
  • 6.8 kilometres (4.2 mi) to the South, up to the highway bridge from the village of Sainte-Florence;
  • 3.8 kilometres (2.4 mi) Southward up to the boundary of the Assemetquagan (township);
  • 8.1 kilometres (5.0 mi) to the south in Assemetquagan (township), up to the highway bridge from the village of Routhierville;
  • 6.8 kilometres (4.2 mi) Southward, up to the confluence of the Milnikek River (from the West);
  • 7.8 kilometres (4.8 mi) to the Southeast, up to the limit of the Restigouche (township) (East side of the Matapedia River);
  • 0.7 kilometres (0.43 mi) to the South, up to the confluence of the Assemetquagan River and the boundary of the Matapedia (township);
  • 1.9 kilometres (1.2 mi) to the South, up to the confluence of the Rivière du Moulin (Matapedia River) (from the West);
  • 6.3 kilometres (3.9 mi) to the Southeast, up to the confluence of the Clark Creek (from the North);
  • 2.2 kilometres (1.4 mi) to the Southeast, up to the bridge of the village of Saint-Alexis-de-Matapédia;
  • 8.5 kilometres (5.3 mi) to the Southeast, up to the confluence of the river[4]

The confluence of the Matapedia River flows on the north bank of the Restigouche River. This confluence is located at:

Etymology[edit]

Its name may derive from the Mi'kmaq word matapegiag, meaning "river junction", from the parts mata (junction) and pegiag (river), referring to the Matapédia River that crosses the town just before its confluence with the Restigouche River.[5] Another source from the late nineteenth century indicates that the Mi'kmaq named the area Magabegeak which means "roughly flowing".[6] It has also been spelled many different ways over time such as Matapediach,[7] Madapeguia[8], Matapeguia[9], Matapediac,[10] Matakpediack,[11] Madapeguia,[11] Metapedia,[12] or Matapediac.[13]

History[edit]

During the river's most productive and fertile years (generally considered to be between 1890 and 1960), it was a destination for the wealthy and famous from around the world, including Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany and Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll,[14] American presidents Nixon and Carter,[15] British royalty, and numerous Hollywood stars.[16][17][18]

Economy[edit]

The Matapedia is a world-renowned Atlantic salmon fishing river and was given the title "The Fishing Capital of the World" due to the abundance of large, healthy, bright salmon. The Atlantic salmon is mainly a fly fishing only, "catch and release" species; and salmon fishing in this area is highly regulated by the Province of Quebec, with special daily permits and licenses required. It is recommended to inquire in the village of Matapedia for information on permits and guides. Public waters are available to anglers in the upper portions of the river. Limited-access salmon fishing, generally with outfitters or guides to the most productive salmon pools is made available to the public via a special annual lottery. There are still many private fishing camps on the banks of the lower river, such as Cold Springs, Glen Emma, Runnymeade Lodge, Restigouche Salmon Club and the Tobique, most of them owned by businessmen and large corporations.[19][20]

Municipalities on watercourse[edit]

Matapédia River crosses the territory of these Quebec municipalities:

List of salmon pools[edit]

From downstream to upstream, from the Restigouche River to Lac au Saumon (Matapédia).

Area 1:

  • Lower Lawlor: also called simply Lawlor. His name has existed since at least 1978 and is in honor of Jack Lawlor and his family who lived before the pit.[21]
  • Du Pont
  • Delaney: this name which is existing at least since 1982, is in honor of the Delaney family which includes Jim Delaney, who was a guard at Restigouche Salmon Fishing Club.[22]
  • The Islands: this name is existing since at least 1982 because the salmon pit is located in the middle of three islands.[23]
  • Duncan Hole: This name is used since at least 1978. The English term Hole means that the pit has a significant depth.[24]
  • Haley's: Haley also called in French. This name has been used since at least 1982 and is in honor of the Haley family.[25]
  • Lawlor's Rock: Rock literally Lawlor. His name is from the time of Bard fishing camp in the years 1940 and is in honor of the family of Jack Lawlor who lived on the Matapedia River.[26]
  • Cheuter's
  • Pot Hole: this name existed since at least 1982. The English term jar means that the pit is small.[27]
  • Ryan's: Ryan is a French patronym. This name has been used since at least 1978 and is due to the fact that the pit is located just upstream of the Ryan Creek.[28]
  • Home
  • Railroad: literally rail, this existing name exist since at least 1978 due to the presence of a railway bridge over the river at this point.[29]
  • Lower Alexander
  • Indian Brook
  • Stream Gilmour
  • Ted's Rock
  • Prentise
  • Lyons
  • Mann's
  • Gulch
  • Habersham
  • McKiel's
  • Clark's Brook
  • Home Pool
  • Bowl
  • Three Islands: also known in French "Les Trois Iles". This name existed since at least 1978 and is due to the fact that the pit is in the middle of three islands.[30]
  • Jim's Rock
  • Millstream
  • Station
  • Foot of Island
  • Lower Fraser
  • Home Fraser Pool
  • Upper Fraser
  • Mirror
  • Glover's Rock
  • Gates of Hell
  • Rock Angus
  • Assemetquagan
  • Railroad

Area 2:

  • Falls
  • Richard
  • The Rocky
  • Low Murdock
  • Murdock
  • Whælock
  • Johreon
  • Stephenson
  • Glen Emma
  • Home
  • Kennedy
  • Pass Island
  • Milnikek
  • De l'Orme
  • Source
  • Shed Lower
  • Bogan
  • The Shed
  • Hugis
  • Low McNeil's
  • McNeil's
  • Edgar

Area 3:

  • Brown's
  • The Dog Island
  • Covered Bridge
  • At Omer
  • Alice
  • Fraser
  • Caswell
  • Rock French
  • Cullen
  • Rock Lepage
  • Nameless
  • Low Water
  • At Salmon
  • Monnick
  • Beautiful shoreline
  • Pont-Beaurivage
  • Florence
  • Low Adams
  • Upper Adams
  • The page
  • Pont du Chemin de Fer
  • Stream Lajoie
  • Grosse Roche
  • Low Matalik
  • Matalik
  • Heppel
  • Wyer's
  • Blais
  • Pont-Laforce
  • Douglas
  • Bend the Devil
  • Wainwright
  • Peter's
  • On-the-Pierre-à-Luc
  • Elbow Alac
  • Station
  • Home
  • Forks

Area 4:

  • Princess Louise
  • Sir Allan
  • Alice
  • Simgerly
  • Three Islands
  • Barrage

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Media related to Category:Matapédia River at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ "Gender (male or female) of rivers when their generic names (river, stream...) are omitted". Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 1 August 2009. 
  2. ^ Reference number 39703 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  3. ^ "Matapedia River". Retrieved 2010-05-18. 
  4. ^ Segments of the river measured from the Atlas of Canada (posted on Internet), Department of Resources Natural Canada
  5. ^ Seguin, Yves (2005-01-01). Hiking in QuŽbec. Hunter Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9782894647608. 
  6. ^ Rand, Silas Tertius (1875-01-01). A First Reading Book in the Micmac Language: Comprising the Micmac Numerals, and the Names of the Different Kinds of Beasts, Birds, Fishes, Trees, &c. of the Maritime Provinces of Canada. Also, Some of the Indian Names of Places, and Many Familiar Words and Phrases, Translated Literally Into English. Nova Scotia Printing Company. 
  7. ^ (L.)), William VONDENVELDEN (and CHARLAND; CHARLAND, Louis (1803-01-01). Extraits des titres des anciennes concessions de terre en fief et Seigneurie, faites avant et depuis la conquête de la Nouvelle France par les armes Britanniques dans la partie actuellement appellée les Bas-Canada ... le tout compilé par W. V. et L. C. (in French). 
  8. ^ Assembly, Québec (Province) Legislature Legislative (1852-01-01). Titles and Documents Relating to the Seigniorial Tenure: In Return to an Address of the Legislative Assembly, 1851. Fréchette. p. 140. 
  9. ^ Québec, Archives de la province de (1928-01-01). Archives de la Province de Québec (in French). La Compagnie de "l'Eclaireur". 
  10. ^ Bouchette, Joseph (1832-01-01). A Topographical Dictionary of the Province of Lower Canada. Longman&Company. 
  11. ^ a b toponymie, Québec (Province) Commission de (1994-01-01). Noms et lieux du Québec: dictionaire illustré (in French). Gouvernement du Québec, La Commission. ISBN 9782551140503. 
  12. ^ company, james r osgood and (1875-01-01). the maritime provinces: a handbook for travellers. p. 69. 
  13. ^ "Matapédia (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2012-01-12. 
  14. ^ The Pall Mall Budget: Being a Weekly Collection of Articles Printed in the Pall Mall Gazette from Day to Day, with a Summary of News. 1880-01-01. 
  15. ^ Zimmerman, Karla (2008-01-01). Canada. Lonely Planet. ISBN 9781742203201. 
  16. ^ Newman, Peter C. (2014-04-08). The Canadian Establishment. McClelland & Stewart. ISBN 9781551996905. 
  17. ^ Holzman, Michael Howard (2008-01-01). James Jesus Angleton, the CIA, and the Craft of Counterintelligence. Univ of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 1558496505. 
  18. ^ Hawksley, Lucinda (2013-11-21). The Mystery of Princess Louise: Queen Victoria's Rebellious Daughter. Random House. ISBN 9781448192113. 
  19. ^ Bodo, Peter (1997-11-01). The Atlantic Salmon Handbook: An Atlantic Salmon Federation Book. The Lyons Press. ISBN 9781558215115. 
  20. ^ The Atlantic Salmon Journal. Atlantic Salmon Association. 1994-01-01. 
  21. ^ Commission de toponymie du Québec (Quebec Place Names Board) - Toponym: "Fosse Lawlor"
  22. ^ Fosse Delaney on Commission de toponymie du Québec (Geographical Names Board of Quebec)
  23. ^ "Fosse Islands" on Commission de toponymie du Québec (Geographical Names Board of Quebec)
  24. ^ "Fosse Duncan Hole" on Commission de toponymie du Québec (Geographical Names Board of Quebec)
  25. ^ "Fosse Haley" on Commission de toponymie du Québec (Geographical Names Board of Quebec)
  26. ^ "Fosse Lawlor's Rock" on Commission de toponymie du Québec (Geographical Names Board of Quebec)
  27. ^ "Pit Pot Hole" on Commission de toponymie du Québec (Geographical Names Board of Quebec)
  28. ^ "Fosse Ryan" on Commission de toponymie du Québec (Geographical Names Board of Quebec)
  29. ^ /toposweb/fiche.aspx?no_seq=228727 "Railroad tank" on Commission de toponymie du Québec (Geographical Names Board of Quebec)
  30. ^ "Three Islands tank" on Commission de toponymie du Québec (Geographical Names Board of Quebec)