Matthias Nicoll

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Matthias Nicoll
6th Mayor of New York City
In office
Preceded byThomas Delavall
Succeeded byJohn Lawrence
Personal details
Islip, Northamptonshire, England
Died1687 (aged 56–57)
Islip, New York

Matthias Nicoll (1630 – December 22, 1687), a.k.a. Nicolls, was the 6th Mayor of New York City from 1672 to 1673. He is the patriarch of the Nicoll family which settled and owned much of Long Island, New York. Numerous place names on the island now bear the Nicoll name.

Early life[edit]

Nicoll was born in 1630 and was son of a minister. He lived in Islip, Northamptonshire and practiced law there.

Life in America[edit]

In 1664, he came to the United States with Richard Nicolls. It is not known if the two were related although some sources say he was Richard's nephew. Matthias was Richard's secretary and was present to the first surrender of the Dutch New Amsterdam to the English. He was clerk of the court in the new English colony and served various judge roles.[1] He was a member of the Convention at Hempstead, New York in 1664-1665 that established the laws for the new colony.

In 1670, he bought land in present Plandome Manor, New York/Plandome, New York, and he is said to have named it for the Latin 'planus domus' meaning 'plain' or 'peaceful' home.[2]

Political career[edit]

In 1672 he was appointed New York City Mayor, and served for two years. He was Speaker of the General Assembly under Thomas Dongan in 1684 which guaranteed religious freedom to Christians.

Personal life[edit]

He and his wife were buried in front of the manor home, although the exact spot is not now known because it was vandalized. A plaque on Plandome Road marks the general area.

One of his children, William Nicoll, would sell the Plandome Manor in 1718, then over 1000 acres, and move to his own estate of 100 square miles (260 km2) on the Great South Bay in present-day Islip, New York. The Suffolk estate Islip was named after their ancestral home in England.

The manor house itself was torn down in 1998 by its new owner.[2][3]


  1. ^ John Watts de Peyster, Volume 1 By Frank Allaben - Frank Allaben Genelogical Company - 1906
  2. ^ a b "Incorporated Village of Plandome Manor". Archived from the original on 2008-06-08. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
  3. ^ Endangered: Historic Preservation - New York Times - June 12, 2005