Mercantile Bancorporation

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Mercantile Bancorporation
Mercantile Bank
Public
Traded as NYSE: MTL
Industry Banking
Fate Acquired by Firstar Corporation
Successor Firstar Corporation
Founded 1899; 118 years ago (1899) in St. Louis, Missouri as Mercantile Trust Company
Defunct September 20, 1999; 17 years ago (1999-09-20)
Headquarters St. Louis, Missouri
Area served
Missouri, Illinois, Kansas, Iowa, Arkansas, Kentucky
Key people
Thomas H. Jacobsen

Mercantile Bancorporation was the largest bank holding company in Missouri when it was acquired by Firstar Corporation in 1999.[1]

The Mercantile Bank of St. Louis was founded in St. Louis, Missouri in 1850.

In 1996 its chief executive Thomas H. Jacobsen began a series of 24 acquisitions over three years increasing its assets from $15.9 billion to $35.8 billion.[2] One of the biggest acquisitions was that of Mark Twain Bancshares in 1996.[3]

At the time of its acquisition Mercantile was a $36 billion multi-bank holding company headquartered in St. Louis operating 500 locations in Missouri, Iowa, Kansas, Illinois, Arkansas and Kentucky. Its individual components were:[4]

  • Mercantile Bank, N.A., St. Louis, Missouri
  • Mercantile Bank, Overland Park, Kansas
  • Mercantile Bank of Arkansas, N.A.
  • Mercantile Bank Midwest in Iowa
  • Mercantile Bank of Kentucky
  • Mercantile Bank of Trenton in Missouri
  • Mercantile Bank of Illinois
  • Mercantile Trust Company, N.A. in St. Louis

History[edit]

In December 1964, the Mercantile Trust Company converted from a state‐chartered trust company into a national bank and was renamed Mercantile Trust Company National Association.[5]

Mercantile Trust Company formed a holding company in 1970 called Mercantile Bancorporation to allow it to acquire other banks and to expand beyond St. Louis.[6][7]

During the 1970s and early 1980s, Mercantile was rapidly expanding through Missouri, mostly through the acquisitions of existing banks.

Starting in 1987, Mercantile began to expand outside of Missouri and into surrounding states. The first was Illinois, followed by Kansas, Iowa, Arkansas, and Kentucky.

Upon the retirement of Donald E. Lasater in 1989, Thomas H. Jacobsen, a vice chairman of Florida-based Barnett Banks, replaced Lasater as president, chief executive, and chairman of Mercantile Bancorporation.[8]

As allowed under the various state and federal laws at that time, Mercantile was able to consolidate 75 separate bank charters that had existed in early 1996 to 17 by February 1998 in the five states that it was then operating in.[9] The consolidation into a single bank was not completed when Mercantile was finally acquired in 1999.

Expansion in Missouri[edit]

In November 1991, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the St. Joseph-based Ameribanc with its American Bank subsidiaries for $87 million in stock.[10][11] The acquisition by was completed in April 1992.[12]

In August 1993, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the St. Louis-based United Postal Bancorp with its United Postal Savings Association subsidiary for $192 million in stock.[13][14] The acquisition by was completed in January 1994.[15]

In September 1994, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Kansas City-based Central Mortgage Bancshares Inc. for $97 million in stock.[16]

In January 1995, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Springfield-based Southwest Bancshares Inc. for $23 million in stock.[17]

In February 1995, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Sikeston-based AmeriFirst Bancorporation with its AmeriFirst Bank subsidiary for $23.6 million in stock.[18]

In October 1996, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the St. Louis-based Mark Twain Bancshares Inc. with its Mark Twain Bank subsidiary for $855 million in stock.[19][20] At the time of the announcement, Mercantile had 440 branches in Missouri, Illinois, Iowa and Arkansas while Mark Twain had 39 branches in St. Louis, Kansas City and Springfield areas. The acquisition by was completed in April 1997.[21]

In December 1996, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Chesterfield-based Roosevelt Financial Group Inc. with its Roosevelt Bank subsidiary for $1.07 billion in stock and cash.[22][23][24] At the time of the announcement, Mercantile had more than 500 branches in Missouri, Illinois, Iowa and Arkansas while Roosevelt had 83 locations in Missouri, Kansas and Illinois. To allow the merger to proceed, the Federal Reserve Board ordered Mercantile to divest banks in five markets.[25] Due to overlapping branches, Mercantile said it was planning to close 50 branch offices.[22] The acquisition by was completed in July 1997.[26]

Expansion in Illinois[edit]

In its first expansion move outside of Missouri, Mercantile announced in August 1986 the pending acquisition of the Alton-based First Bancshares Corp. of Illinois for an undisclosed in stock.[27] The acquisition by was completed in February 1987.[28]

In August 1991, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Centralia-based Old National Bancshares with its 2 banks for $22 million in stock and cash.[29] The acquisition by was completed in December 1991.[30]

In July 1995, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Sterling-based First Sterling Bancorp with its First National Bank of Sterling-Rock Falls subsidiary for $24 million.[31] The acquisition by was completed in January 1996.[32]

In March 1996, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Freeport-based Today's Bancorp with its two banks and 12 offices for $87.2 million in cash and stock.[33]

In August 1996, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Alton-based Regional Bancshares Inc. with its Bank of Alton subsidiary for $41 million.[34]

In October 1997, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Rockford-based HomeCorp Inc. with its 10-office HomeBanc subsidiary for $45 million in stock.[35][36] The acquisition by was completed in March 1997 for $51 million.[37][38]

In February 1998, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Springfield-based Firstbank of Illinois Company for $697 million in stock.[39] At the time of the announement, Firstbank had 48 offices in Illinois and Missouri. The acquisition by was completed in July 1998.[40]

In August 1998, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Rock Island-based Financial Service Corporation of the Midwest with its Rock Island Bank subsidiary for $118 million in stock.[41] The acquisition by was completed in August 1998.[42]

Expansion in Kansas[edit]

In July 1992, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the family-owned Johnson County-based MidAmerican Corp. and Johnson County Bankshares Inc.[43] for $129 million in stock.[44] The acquisition was completed in January 1993.[45][46]

In December 1995, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Topeka-based Peoples State Bank for $94 million.[47] The acquisition was completed in August 1996.[34]

Expansion in Iowa[edit]

In July 1993, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Waterloo-based Metro Bancorporation with its subsidiary Waterloo Savings Bank for $55 million in stock.[48] The acquisition by was completed in January 1994.[49]

In December 1994, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Davenport-based Plains Spirit Financial Corporation with its First Federal Savings Bank of Iowa subsidiary for an undisclosed amount.[50]

In August 1995, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Des Moines-based Hawkeye Bancorp with its 65 bank offices for $351 million in stock.[51] The acquisition by was completed in January 1996 for $368 million in stock.[52]

In May 1998, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Iowa City-based First Financial Bancorporation with its 10-office First National Bank Iowa subsidiary for $169 million in stock.[53] The acquisition by was completed in September 1998.[54]

Expansion in Arkansas[edit]

In December 1994, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the North Little Rock-based TC Bankshares Inc. for $155.7 million in stock.[55]

In July 1997, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Arkadelphia-based Horizon Bancorp for an unknown amount in stock.[56] The acquisition by was completed in February 1998.[57]

Expansion in Kentucky[edit]

In January 1998, Mercantile announced the pending acquisition of the Paducah-based CBT Corporation, the holding company for four banks, for $285 million in stock.[58][59] The acquisition by was completed in July 1998.[60]

Acquisition by Firstar[edit]

Just five months after Star Banc Corporation completed the acquisition of Firstar Corporation to form the new Firstar in November 1998, the newly combined Firstar announced in May 1999 the pending acquisition of Mercantile Bancorporation for $10.6 billion in stock.[61][62] At the time of the announcement, Mercantile had nearly 500 banking locations throughout Missouri, Iowa, Kansas, Illinois, Arkansas and Kentucky while Firstar had approximately 715 full-service banking offices in Ohio, Wisconsin, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Tennessee and Arizona.[63] The acquisition was completed in September 1999.[64] After the merger, Jerry Grundhofer remained as president and chief executive officer of Firstar. Thomas H. Jacobsen, Mercantile's chairman, president and chief executive officer, replaced Roger Fitzsimonds as chairman of the board of Firstar while Fitzsimonds retired and became chairman emeritus.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ profile in International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 33. St. James Press, 2000 - via fundinguniverse.com
  2. ^ O'Brien, Timothy L. (May 1, 1999). "Mercantile Bancorporation, Long a Buyer, Will Be Bought". New York Times. 
  3. ^ McCarthy, Michael J. (1996-10-29). "Mercantile Bancorp. to Acquire Mark Twain for $792 Million". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-08-11. (Subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ "Firstar Corporation Shareholders Approve Merger With Mercantile Bancorporation, Inc". Business Wire (Press release). July 28, 1999 – via findArticles. [dead link]
  5. ^ "St. Louis Mercantile Bank Takes Out National Charter". New York Times. December 26, 1964. 
  6. ^ "Mercantile Trust Co.". Wall Street Journal. March 31, 1970. p. 26. (Subscription required (help)). Mercantile Trust Co. formed Mercantile Bancorporation Inc. to carry out the previously announced plan of seeking approval of the Federal Reserve Board and the Comptroller of the Currency to become a registered bank-holding compamy, John Fox, Mercantile chairman, announced.  Alternate Link via ProQuest.
  7. ^ "Mercantile Bancorporation". Wall Street Journal. March 11, 1971. p. 18. (Subscription required (help)). Mercantile Bancorporation became a registered bank holding company. The company is composed of two wholly owned subsidiary banks, Mercantile Trust Co. and Mercantile Commerce Trust Co., with combined assets of $1,351,711,485.  Alternate Link via ProQuest.
  8. ^ Nicklaus, David (February 28, 1989). "New Chairman Taking Over Mercantile". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. p. 1A. (Subscription required (help)). 
  9. ^ "Mercantile Bancorporation Accelerates Restructuring for Greater Efficiency and Better Customer Service". PR Newswire (Press release). February 20, 1998. 
  10. ^ "Company Briefs". New York Times. November 20, 1991. 
  11. ^ Davis, Mark (November 13, 1991). "Mercantile agrees to buy Ameribanc KC banks to merge ultimately as result of deal, spokesman says.". Kansas City Star. p. B1. (Subscription required (help)). 
  12. ^ "Mercantile, Ameribanc Inc. complete deal". Kansas City Star. May 1, 1992. p. B3. (Subscription required (help)). 
  13. ^ "Mercantile Plans Acquisition Of United Postal". New York Times. August 18, 1993. 
  14. ^ Goodman, Adam (August 18, 1993). "Deal Could Make Mercantile Top Home Lender". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. p. 1C. (Subscription required (help)). Mercantile Bancorporation Inc. is poised to become king of home lending in St. Louis with its planned purchase of United Postal Bancorp Inc. Mercantile, the second-biggest bank in the St. Louis area, is much better known for its commercial loans than its residential mortgages. But by forking over $180 million to buy United Postal, Mercantile could suddenly become the area's top home lender. United Postal is the second-largest savings and loan in the St. Louis area. 
  15. ^ "Mercantile reports higher net income". Kansas City Star. April 12, 1994. p. D15. (Subscription required (help)). 
  16. ^ "Mercantile to Acquire Central Mortgage In Stock Deal". New York Times. September 23, 1994. 
  17. ^ "Business in brief: Mercantile Acquisition announced". Kansas City Star. January 28, 1995. p. B2. (Subscription required (help)). Mercantile Bancorporation Inc., a $12.2 billion bank holding company, said Friday it will acquire the smaller Southwest Bancshares Inc. of Springfield in a stock swap. Mercantile plans to issue 675,000 shares of its common stock for the outstanding stock of Southwest. That would make the deal worth about $23 million at Mercantile's closing share price Thursday of $34. 
  18. ^ "Mercantile acquiring Sikeston, Mo., company". Kansas City Star. February 21, 1995. p. D16. (Subscription required (help)). Mercantile Bancorporation will further expand its presence in southeastern Missouri through a merger with AmeriFirst Bancorporation, based in Sikeston, Mo., the company has announced. St. Louis-based Mercantile said Friday it will issue 661,385 shares of common stock in exchange for the outstanding stock of AmeriFirst, which is privately held. Mercantile's stock closed at $35.75 Friday, putting the value of the deal about $23.6 million. AmeriFirst is the $164 million holding company for AmeriFirst Bank, which operates two offices in Sikeston and a branch in Cape Girardeau. 
  19. ^ "Adding Another Bank: Mercantile To Acquire Mark Twain". Chicago Tribune. October 29, 1996. 
  20. ^ "Mercantile In $855 Million Deal for Mark Twain". New York Times. October 29, 1996. 
  21. ^ "Mercantile Bancorporation Completes Merger with Mark Twain Bancshares". PR Newswire (Press release). April 25, 1997. 
  22. ^ a b Bagli, Charles V. (December 24, 1996). "St. Louis Bank Acquiring Rival For $1 Billion". New York Times. 
  23. ^ "$1 Billion Deal Creates Largest Missouri Bank". Fort Lauderdale Sun Sentinel. December 24, 1996. 
  24. ^ "Another Purchase For Mercantile Bancorporation". Chicago Tribune. December 24, 1996. 
  25. ^ "Fed approves Mercantile buy of Roosevelt". St. Louis Business Journal. June 4, 1997. 
  26. ^ "Mercantile Bancorporation Inc. Completes Merger With Roosevelt Financial Group, Inc.". PR Newswire (Press release). July 1, 1997. 
  27. ^ "Mercantile Bancorporation Inc. reached an agreement Friday with the...". United Press International. August 1, 1986. (Subscription required (help)). Mercantile Bancorporation Inc. reached an agreement Friday with the First Bancshares Corp. of Illinois to acquire that company, which has $137 million in assets. Donald Lasater, the chief executive officer of Mercantile, said the boards of directors of both companies agreed in principle to the deal, which will give First Bancshares stockholders equitable amounts of Mercantile common stock. First Bancshares owns the First National Bank and Trust Company in Alton, the Airport National Bank in Bethalto and Midwest Information Processors Corporation in Alton. Mercantile owns 38 banks in Missouri and has assets of $6.45 billion. 
  28. ^ "Interstate Merger". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. February 18, 1987. p. 13 – via Newspapers.com. (Subscription required (help)). Dan Dawson and Cliff Honaker of Maguire Signs Inc. install a "Mercantile Bank" sign outside First National Bank's branch at Mather and State streets in Alton on Tuesday, the day that Mercantile Bancorporation completed its acquisition of First Banc-shares Corp. of Illinois. First Bancshares owned First National, now called Alton Mercantile Bank, and Airport National Bank of Bethalto, now Bethalto Mercantile Bank. 
  29. ^ Gallagher, Jim (August 14, 1991). "Mercantile Buying Bank With 6 Illinois Offices". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. p. 1B. (Subscription required (help)). 
  30. ^ "ST. LOUIS - BANKING - Mercantile Buys Old National". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. December 3, 1991. p. 9C. (Subscription required (help)). 
  31. ^ "Morning Briefing". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. July 26, 1995. p. 1C. (Subscription required (help)). 
  32. ^ "Morning Briefing". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. January 3, 1996. p. 1C. (Subscription required (help)). 
  33. ^ "Mergers: Banks Add Up 2 More Acquisitions". Chicago Tribune. March 21, 1996. 
  34. ^ a b "Morning Briefing: Mercantile To Buy Bank Of Alton". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. August 24, 1996. p. 1C. (Subscription required (help)). 
  35. ^ "Mercantile Announces Plans To Merge With HomeCorp, Inc. of Northwestern Illinois". PR Newswire (Press release). October 29, 1997. 
  36. ^ "Mercantile to merge with HomeCorp in $45 million deal". St. Louis Business Journal. October 29, 1997. 
  37. ^ "Mercantile Bancorporation Inc. Completes Merger With HomeCorp, Inc.". PR Newswire (Press release). March 2, 1998. 
  38. ^ "Mercantile wraps $51 million HomeCorp. purchase". St. Louis Business Journal. March 2, 1998. 
  39. ^ "Mercantile Announces Plans to Merge with Firstbank of Illinois Co.". PR Newswire (Press release). February 2, 1998. 
  40. ^ "Mercantile Bancorporation Inc. Completes Merger with Firstbank of Illinois Co.". PR Newswire (Press release). July 1, 1998. 
  41. ^ "Mercantile In $118 Stock Deal for Financial Service". New York Times. August 4, 1998. 
  42. ^ Pearson, Rita (November 14, 1998). "The Rock Island Bank changes its name today". Moline Daily Dispatch. 
  43. ^ Carpenter, Tim (July 2, 1992). "Missouri Firm to Acquire 1st National". Lawrence Journal-World. 
  44. ^ Davis, Mark (July 2, 1992). "Mercantile outlines deal to buy five Kansas banks Hall family to sell intrests under state's new banking law.". Kansas City Star. p. A1. (Subscription required (help)). Mercantile Bancorporation Inc. announced a $129 million acquisition of the Donald J. Hall family's Kansas banking interests Wednesday, the first day of interstate banking in the Sunflower State. The agreement covers MidAmerican Bank and Trust in Overland Park, Johnson County Bank in Prairie Village and banks in Topeka and Lawrence. 
  45. ^ Mellinger, Gwyn (November 17, 1992). "Local Bank Merger Clears Final Hurdle". Lawrence Journal-World. 
  46. ^ "Few Changes Likely From Bank Merger". Lawrence Journal-World. January 4, 1993. 
  47. ^ "Morning Briefing: Mercantile Adds Kansas Bank". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. December 20, 1995. p. 01C. (Subscription required (help)). 
  48. ^ "Mercantile Plans to Buy Bank In Iowa". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. July 30, 1993. p. 16D. (Subscription required (help)). Mercantile Bancorporation dipped a toe into the Iowa banking market Thursday, annoucing plans to buy a mid-sized bank in Waterloo. St. Louis' second-largest bank said it will buy Metro Bancorporation. Metro owns Waterloo Savings Bank, a nicely profitable commercial bank with about $378 million in assets. Mercantile plans to pay with 1.12 million shares of its own stock, worth about $55 million at current prices. 
  49. ^ "Mercantile-Metro complete merger". Cedar Rapids Gazette. January 4, 1994. p. D5. (Subscription required (help)). Mercantile Bancorporation Inc. of St. Louis has completed its merger with Metro Bancorporation Inc., the $378 million-asset holding company for the Waterloo Savings Bank, officials said Monday. The bank will be renamed Mercantile Bank of Northern Iowa later this spring, said Daniel Watters, president of Waterloo Savings Bank. 
  50. ^ "Davenport bank to be bought out". Cedar Rapids Gazette. December 25, 1994. p. 14. (Subscription required (help)). Mercantile Bancorporation Inc. of St. Louis is acquiring First Federal Savings Bank of Iowa, the Davenport institution that is the second-largest Iowa-based savings and loan. Mercantile announced Friday that it has agreed to merge with Plains Spirit Financial Corp., the owner of First Federal Savings Bank. 
  51. ^ "Mercantile Bancorp Agrees to Purchase Hawkeye". New York Times. August 5, 1995. 
  52. ^ "Mercantile Completes Hawkeye Purchase". Dubuque Telegraph-Herald. January 3, 1996. p. A3. (Subscription required (help)). Mercantile Bancorporation of St. Louis on Tuesday completed its acquisition of Hawkeye Bancorporation, the largest independent bank holding company in Iowa. The companies announced the purchase agreement in August. It was approved by Hawkeye shareholders and regulators in December. Hawkeye shareholders will receive Mercantile stock valued at about $368 million, according to Mercantile. Mercantile takes over 65 Hawkeye bank offices operating in 47 Iowa cities. That includes Hawkeye Bank of Dubuque, which at just under $300 million in assets, was the largest bank in Hawkeye Bancorporation. 
  53. ^ "Mercantile buys Iowa bank: Bank holding company to buy First Financial in $169 million stock deal". CNN. May 8, 1998. 
  54. ^ "Mercantile Bancorporation Inc. Completes Merger With First Financial Bancorporation". PR Newswire (Press release). September 28, 1998. 
  55. ^ "Mercantile Bancorporation to Acquire Tc Bankshares". New York Times. December 6, 1994. 
  56. ^ "Mercantile to Expand in Central Arkansas Through Merger with Horizon Bancorp, Inc.". PR Newswire (Press release). July 31, 1997. 
  57. ^ "Mercantile Bancorporation Inc. Completes Merger with Horizon Bancorp, Inc.". PR Newswire (Press release). February 6, 1998. 
  58. ^ "New Kentucky home: Mercantile Bancorp Inc. said it agreed...". Chicago Tribune. January 12, 1998. 
  59. ^ "Mercantile Announces Plans to Merge With CBT Corporation of Paducah, Kentucky". PR Newswire (Press release). January 12, 1998. 
  60. ^ "Mercantile Bancorporation Inc. Completes Merger with CBT Corporation". PR Newswire (Press release). July 1, 1998. 
  61. ^ O'Brien, Timothy L. (1999-05-01). "Mercantile Bancorporation, Long a Buyer, Will Be Bought". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-06-26. 
  62. ^ Wahl, Melissa (May 1, 1999). "Firstar Corp. Buys Mercantile For $10.6 Billion: Merger Forms 13th-largest Bank". Chicago Tribune. 
  63. ^ "Mercantile Bancorporation Shareholders Approve Merger with Firstar". PR Newswire (Press release). July 28, 1999. 
  64. ^ "Firstar Corporation and Mercantile Bancorporation Merger Completed.". Business Wire (Press release). September 20, 1999 – via The Free Library. 

External links[edit]