Mercedes-Benz M103 engine

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Mercedes-Benz M103 engine
MB300SL R6 Motor.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerMercedes-Benz
Production1984 to 1997
Layout
ConfigurationNaturally aspirated Straight-6
Displacement2.6 L; 158.5 cu in (2,597 cc)
3.0 L; 180.6 cu in (2,960 cc)
Cylinder bore82.9 mm (3.26 in)
88.5 mm (3.48 in)
Piston stroke80.2 mm (3.16 in)
ValvetrainSOHC 2 valves x cyl.
Compression ratio9.2:1
RPM range
Redline6200
Combustion
Fuel systemContinuous Injection System - Electronic
Fuel typeGasoline
Oil systemPressure circulation
Cooling systemWater cooled
Output
Power output118–140 kW (160–190 PS; 158–188 hp)
Torque output220–260 N⋅m (162–192 lb⋅ft)
Chronology
SuccessorM104

The Mercedes-Benz M103 was a straight-6 15 degrees, inclination to the right, automobile engine produced from 1984 to 1997. It was a single overhead cam design with 2 valves per cylinder. The M103 was replaced by the M104 starting in 1989.

3.0 L[edit]

The 103.980 engine 3.0 L; 180.6 cu in (2,960 cc) produces 132 kW (179 PS; 177 hp) at 5700 rpm with catalyst, 140 kW (190 PS; 188 hp) at 5700 rpm without catalyst, and has a torque of 255 N⋅m (188 lb⋅ft) at 4400 rpm (with catalyst), 260 N⋅m (192 lb⋅ft) at 4400 rpm without catalyst. It uses the CIS-E (Continuous Injection System - Electronic) and has a bore and a stroke of 88.5 mm × 80.2 mm (3.48 in × 3.16 in). The compression ratio is 9.2:1 with a redline of 6200 rpm. The firing order is 1-5-3-6-2-4. Lubrication system is pressure circulation lubrication system. Amount of oil in engine is 6 litres (1.6 US gal; 1.3 imp gal) and amount of coolant is 8.5 litres (2.2 US gal; 1.9 imp gal). Number of valves is 1 intake, 1 exhaust with V-shaped overhead configuration. Valve operation was 1 top camshaft. Camshaft drive was simple roller-type chain. Starter motor is electrical with 1.5 kW (2 PS; 2 hp); since 01.88 was 1.7 kW (2 PS; 2 hp). Ignition system is electronic ignition system. Recommended fuel octane for the M103 is 91 RON/MON (96 RON)(86 MON). This engine can be found in the W124 E-Class, W126 S-Class, Mercedes-Benz R129, W463 G-Class and the R107.

2.6 L[edit]

The smaller 103.940 engine 2.6 L; 158.5 cu in (2,597 cc) produces 118 kW (160 PS; 158 hp) at 5800 rpm with catalyst, 124 kW (169 PS; 166 hp) at 5800 rpm without catalyst, and generates torque at 220 N⋅m (162 lb⋅ft) at 4600 rpm with catalyst, 228 N⋅m (168 lb⋅ft) at 4600 rpm without catalyst. It also used the CIS-E engine management system and had a bore and a stroke of 82.9 mm × 80.2 mm (3.26 in × 3.16 in). The only mechanical differences from the M103 3.0 L to the M103 2.6 L were the decrease in bore, smaller intake valves and a slightly different airbox. The CIS-E components between 2.6 and 3.0 variants are all shared for any given model year with the exception of the ECU making engine swaps from 2.6 to 3.0 virtually bolt-in. This engine can be found in the W201 (190), W124 E-Class and W126 S-Class.