Mercedes-Benz M104 engine
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|Configuration||Straight-6 (Except M104.900, refer VW VR6)|
|Displacement||2.8 litres (171 cu in) M104.94x
3.0 litres (183 cu in) M104.98x
3.2 litres (195 cu in) M104.99x
3.6 litres (220 cu in) M104.941
|Cylinder bore||88.50 mm (3.484 in) M104.98x|
|Piston stroke||80.20 mm (3.157 in) M104.98x|
|Cylinder block alloy||Cast iron|
|Cylinder head alloy||Aluminium|
|Valvetrain||DOHC, 4 valves per cylinder|
|Compression ratio||9.2, 10.0 and 10.5 on AMG models|
|Fuel system||Bosch KE-Jetronic electronically controlled, mechanical fuel injection (CIS-E)/Bosch Motronic integrated electronic injection/ignition (HFM)|
|Oil system||Wet sump|
|Cooling system||Water cooled|
|Power output||162 kW (217 hp) SAE J 1349 M104.98x|
|Torque output||265 N⋅m (195 lb⋅ft) @ 4600 RPM M104.98x|
The Mercedes-Benz M104 was a straight-6 automobile engine produced from 1989 through 1999. It was a double overhead cam design with 4 valves per cylinder. It replaced the M103 and was replaced by the M112 V6 starting in 1997. The M104 continued in production until 1999 where its last use by Mercedes-Benz was in the W140 chassis.
2.8 L M104.900
Mercedes needed a compact 6 cylinder for their vans and asked Volkswagen if they could use the VR6 Golf/Jetta engine. An agreement was reached and the engines were sold semi completed to MB. Basically only the engine cover and aircleaner housing is by MB.
3.0 L M104.98x
This 3.0 L (2960 cc) 24v DOHC was introduced as a sports car resp. top model completing the line-up of M103 12V engines. M103 and this engine were replaced by the later 2.8l and 3.2l versions of M104. It was found in the W124 300E-24 models, C124 300CE-24 models, S124 300TE-24 models and R129 300SL-24 models. The 3.0 L M104 produced 217 hp (162 kW) to 228 hp(without catalytic version) and features KE-Jetronic fuel injection, cylinder specific ignition-timing, variable valve timing and under-piston cooling jets.
2.8 L M104.94x
In 1993, two capacities replaced the 3.0 litre: a 2.8 litre replaced an old single-cam M103 engine and a 3.2 litre replaced a double-cam M104.98X. The 2.8 L M104 produced 193 hp (142 kW) at 5500 rpm. Max torque was 270 N·m or 199 ft/lbs at 3750 rpm. Lubrication system is pressure circulation lubrication. Amount of oil in engine was 7.5 litres (which was later revised to 7 litres) and amount of coolant in engine is 9 litres. The 2.8 features dual overhead camshafts and four valves per cylinder. The camshaft is driven by duplex roller chain. The electrical starter motor produces 1.7 kW. Ignition system is ignition mapping control. The 2.8 L M104 was also used in the W202 C-Class model C280 and in the W140 S-Class model S280 (the latter was not sold in North America).
Whilst the M104 is known to be a reliable engine, there were some technical issues with smooth running. The wiring loom which passed from the Idle Speed Control unit (an electronic box situated in the engine bay) to the ignition coils (housed on the top of the engine) was enclosed under plastic covers. High temperatures were experienced in this region. In addition the plastic insulation was a type which degrades with time and heat.
The ignition coils provided current for two spark plugs each. A system of “Wasted spark” was used where one coil powers two spark plugs. But the coils were still subjected to a high heat zone.
Idle speed problems could be experienced if the coils / wiring breakdown damaged the Idle speed controller. This manifested itself with engine not idleing at the correct rpm, normally 667, but hunting could be experienced with the engine ranging up to 1200 rpm. If the coils become damaged they may still operate at low engine rpm normally, but at higher engine loads the coils can break down resulting in engine power loss as the number of power producing cylinders reduce from six to four or even in worse case scenarios two.
Wiring loom upgrade kits were made available with upgraded insulation to resist the heat.
Another problem area is the viscous coupling on the fan. This can degrade over time, resulting in slippage and reduced airflow through the radiator. Higher cooling water temperatures will result, which can overheat the radiator and cause thermal cracking of the radiator headers. (This is considered more of a wear-and-tear issue, which occur with most older cars.)
3.2 L M104.99x
The 3.2 L (3199 cc) version produced 221 hp (170 kW) at 5500 rpm and 310 N·m (229 ft·lbf) at 3750 rpm. On all 24 valve m104 engines Intake valves are 35mm and the exhaust valves are 31mm. The Compression ratio is the same 10.0 on all W210, R129,and W140 but it did differ from 9.2 to 10.0 on W124 while AMG models were 10.5 This engine was found in the W124 and W210 E-Class, W140 S-Class, W463 G-Class, R129 SL-Class, Ssangyong Musso and Rexton
AMG 3.4 L
There were 3.4 L conversions done to the 3.0 L M104.980 by AMG, prior to their formal cooperation with Daimler Benz.
AMG developed a 3.4 L M104 that was used in the 300E AMG 3.4, AMG 3.4 CE and 300TE-3.4 AMG (Mercedes-Benz W124, C124, S124) vehicles, Produced between 1988-1993. Amount of oil in engine is 7.5 litres and amount of coolant in engine is 9 litres. It made 200 kW (268 hp) at 6500rpm and used Bosch KE-Jetronic (CIS-E) injection.
AMG 3.6 L M104.941
There were 3.6 L conversions done to both the M103 and M104 by Brabus, among others.
The AMG 3.6 M104 was rated at 280 horsepower (210 kW) at 5,750 rpm and 284 pound-feet (385 N⋅m) of torque at 4,000 rpm using the HFM engine management system. AMG later conceded that since the engine was hand modified, power outputs could vary slightly from 276 hp to 287 hp.
The boost in displacement was obtained by boring the 2.8 litre M104 block by 2.1MM and using a highly modified version of the crankshaft from the 3.5L OM603 to increase throw by 18.9MM; this necessitated the use of new forged pistons with shorter skirts. A larger intake crossover pipe, freer flowing exhaust, a unique intake camshaft, minor changes to the cylinder head, and modifications to the HFM fuel computer also contribute to the increase in power.
Turbocharger kits were offered for both the M103 and M104 engines by Turbo Technics, Mosselman, Lotec, Turbobandit, MAD modify and other tuners. These conversions typically raised engine output to between 300 and 800 horsepower (600 kW)(depend on Boost Target). During the 1990s UK customers were able to buy new vehicles equipped with a Turbo Technics conversion directly from Mercedes dealer Hughes of Beaconsfield (limited run of 75 conversions). Today turbocharger kits for M103-M104 engines are available from later tuners in Europe and Asia.