|Short-tailed pipefish (Microphis brachyurus)|
Microphis is a genus of pipefishes (stream pipefishes or river pipefishes) within the family Syngnathidae. Members of this genus are notable among the Syngnathidae for residing in mainly fresh and brackish waters.  Adults breed in coastal rivers, streams, or lakes, and fertilized eggs are carried by the male pipefish in a brood pouch extending along his entire ventral surface.
The currently recognized species in this genus are:
- Microphis argulus (W. K. H. Peters, 1855) (flat-nosed pipepfish)
- Microphis brachyurus (Bleeker, 1854)
- Microphis brevidorsalis (de Beaufort, 1913) (stream pipefish)
- Microphis caudocarinatus (M. C. W. Weber, 1907) (slender pipefish, Tawarin river pipefish)
- Microphis cruentus C. E. Dawson & Fourmanoir, 1981 (Dumbéa River pipefish)
- Microphis cuncalus (F. Hamilton, 1822) (crocodile-tooth pipefish)
- Microphis deocata (F. Hamilton, 1822) (green, rainbow belly, or deocata pipefish)
- Microphis dunckeri (Prashad & Mukerji, 1929)
- Microphis fluviatilis (W. K. H. Peters, 1852) (freshwater pipefish)
- Microphis insularis (Hora, 1925) (Andaman pipefish)
- Microphis jagorii W. K. H. Peters, 1868
- Microphis leiaspis (Bleeker, 1854) (barhead pipefish)
- Microphis manadensis (Bleeker, 1856) (Manado pipefish)
- Microphis mento (Bleeker, 1856)
- Microphis ocellatus (Duncker, 1910)
- Microphis pleurostictus W. K. H. Peters, 1868
- Microphis retzii (Bleeker, 1856) (ragged-tail pipefish)
- Microphis spinachioides (Duncker, 1915) (spinach pipefish)
- Eschmeyer, W. N. (ed). "Catalog of Fishes". California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- Kuiter, Rudie H. 2000. Seahorses, pipefishes, and the relatives. Chorleywood, UK: TMC Publishing. 240 p.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Microphis in FishBase. October 2012 version.
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