Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch-Bruyevich

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Mikhail Bonch-Bruyevich
Бонч-Бруевич, Михаил Дмитриевич.jpg
General Bonch-Bruyevich
Born (1870-02-24)24 February 1870
Moscow, Russian Empire
Died 3 August 1956(1956-08-03) (aged 86)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Allegiance  Russian Empire (1892–1917)
 Russian SFSR (1918–1919)
Service/branch Imperial Russian Army
Red Army
Years of service 1892–1919
Rank Major General (Russia)
Lieutenant General (Soviet)
Battles/wars

First World War

Russian Civil War

Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch-Bruyevich (Russian: Михаи́л Дми́триевич Бонч-Бруе́вич; 24 February [O.S. 12 February] 1870 – 3 August 1956) was an Imperial Russian and Soviet military commander, Lieutenant General (1944). His family belonged to the nobility of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

From 1892-1895, Bonch-Bruyevich served as an officer with the Lithuanian Guards Regiment, posted at Warsaw.[1]

First World War[edit]

At the outbreak of World War I Bonch-Bruyevich was in command of the 176th Perevolochensky Regiment, based at Chernigov.[2] He was an eye witness to the aerial ramming attack in which the Russian aviator Pyotr Nesterov died.[3]

He later became chief of staff and deputy commander of the Russian Northern Front. He was commander of the Northern Front from 29 August 1917 to 9 September 1917.

After the October Revolution, he was chief of staff of the Supreme Commander (1917–1918), the military director of the Supreme Military Council, and chief of field staff of the Revolutionary Military Council. He survived the Stalinist purge, in a large part because of his brother, Vladimir Bonch-Bruyevich, who was Vladimir Lenin's personal secretary.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ From Tsarist General to Red Army Commander by Mikhail Bonch-Bruyevich, translated by Vladimir Vezey, Progress Publishers, 1966, p48
  2. ^ From Tsarist General to Red Army Commander by Mikhail Bonch-Bruyevich, translated by Vladimir Vezey, Progress Publishers, 1966
  3. ^ From Tsarist General to Red Army Commander by Mikhail Bonch-Bruyevich, translated by Vladimir Vezey, Progress Publishers, 1966, p30
  4. ^ The Russian Civil War by Evan Mawdsley, Birlinn, 2008