Mikhail Nikolayevich Ostrovsky
Mikhail Nikolayevich Ostrovsky (Russian: Михаил Николаевич Островский) (1827–1901) was a Russian statesman who served as Minister of State Property (a post roughly equivalent to the American position of Secretary of the Interior) under the reign of Alexander III.
Early life and career
Ostrovsky was born March 30 (April 11 new style), 1827, in the Zamoskvorechye District of Moscow. His father was a first-generation nobleman of the church estate, and his older brother Alexander Ostrovsky became a noted playwright.
Ostrovsky studied at the First Moscow Gymnasium and in 1848 was graduated from Moscow Imperial University. He entered government service in the office of the Civil Governor of Simbirsk, assisting Auditor General V. A. Tatarinov in the introduction of auditing reforms.
From April 17, 1871 to 1878, Ostrovsky was Associate State Comptroller. He was assigned to perform audits in Vladimir, Tula, Kaluga, Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Pskov, Vilna, Grodno, Kovno Province, and the former Kingdom of Poland (then a Russian possession). In 1877 he performed a field audit of the Caucasus Army.
Later achievements and honors
In 1872, Ostrovksy was a made a senator, and in 1878 a member of the State Council of Imperial Russia.
From May 4, 1881 to January 1, 1893, Ostrovsky was Minister of State Property. He was in office in 1888 when an important law on the protection of forests was proclaimed.
From January 1, 1893 to October 3, 1899, Ostrovsky was chairman of the Department of Legislation of the State Council.
Ostrovsky was an honorary member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, Chairman of the Museum of Applied Knowledge in St. Petersburg, and (from May 15, 1883) an Actual Privy Counsellor, a civilian rank equivalent to full general or admiral.
Ostrovsky died July 25 (August 7 new style), 1901, in St. Petersburg. His funeral was held July 28 in the Holy Spirit Church of Alexander Nevsky Monastery, and was attended by Ivan Durnovo (Chairman of the Council of Ministers) and others. He was buried in the monastery, in St. Nicholas Cemetery.
- "Ostrovsky, Mikhail - Russian Government Minister (1881-1893)". Zamoskvorechye Journal. January 19, 2008. Retrieved October 14, 2010. (in Russian)
- Shilov, D. N. (2002). Statesmen of the Russian Empire. St. Petersburg. pp. 543–546. (in Russian)
- Obituary, Правительственный Вѣстникъ. August 8 [O.S. July 26] 1901, № 163, p. 3 (in Russian)