Miniature cattle

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Miniature cattle are found in various parts of the world. Some, such as the Dexter breed of Ireland and the Vechur of Kerala, India, are traditional breeds; others have been recently created by selective breeding. The Australian Lowline was the unexpected result of a scientific experiment.[1]:3 Some, but not all, miniature breeds display achondroplasia, or dwarfism.[2]:xxvi

Compared to larger cattle, miniature cattle require less space and less feed,[3] and may be easier to handle.[4] They do less damage to pasture land, do not need such high or strong fencing,[5] and do not produce as much methane.[3]

Breeds[edit]

Breed Origin Height Image
Australian Lowline derived from Aberdeen Angus in Australia[6]
  • Males: 110 cm
  • Females: 100 cm
Lowline bull.jpg
Dexter traditional Irish breed 92–107 cm[7] Red Dexter Heffer.jpg
Kasagarod traditional breed, Kerala, India 80–90 cm[2]:322 Kasaragodu 01.JPG
Lagune or Dahomey Benin, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Togo
  • Males: 100 cm
  • Females: 80 cm[8]
Bos primigenius f taurus Dvur zoo 3.jpg
Minivaca Mexico, derived from Indo-Brazilian[2]:205
Niata Uruguay, Argentina; now extinct[2]:xxvi Niata cow, 1915.jpeg
Somba Benin, Togo
  • Males: 110 cm
  • Females: 85 cm[9]
Vechur traditional breed, Kerala, India[2]:xxvi Vechur Cow.jpg

An American breeder, Richard Gradwohl, has developed eighteen different strains of miniature cattle.[3] Miniature Galloway, Hereford and Holstein have been bred.[2]:245[3] In the United States, small zebuine cattle deriving from stock imported from Brazil, the Dominican Republic and Sweden may be registered as "Miniature Zebu";[2]:245 in Australia, similar cattle may be known as "Nadudana".[citation needed] In the United States, Jersey cattle of the original island type may be known as "Miniature Jersey"; Jersey cows stand about 115–120 cm and weigh some 350 kg.[2]:212

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Barnett (1998). History of Lowlines. In: Foundation Herd Book. Armidale, New South Wales: Australian Lowline Cattle Association.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding (sixth edition). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 9781780647944.
  3. ^ a b c d Rebecca Seal (25 July 2010). Why mini cows could save the planet. The Guardian. Accessed February 2017.
  4. ^ [Associated Press] (4 January 2006). Miniature Cattle Breed Interest. Los Angeles Times. Accessed February 2017.
  5. ^ Australian Lowline Cattle: A Rare Breed of Australian Origin. Rare Breeds Conservation Society of New Zealand. Accessed February 2017.
  6. ^ Breed data sheet: Lowline/Australia. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed February 2017.
  7. ^ Breed data sheet: Dexter/Ireland. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed February 2017.
  8. ^ Breed data sheet: Lagune/Benin. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed February 2017.
  9. ^ Breed data sheet: Somba/Benin. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed February 2017.