Ministry of Railways (Soviet Union)
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|Министерство путей сообщения СССР|
All ministry seals of the Soviet Union used the Soviet coat of arms
|Formed||6 July 1923|
|Dissolved||20 January 1992|
|Jurisdiction||Union of Soviet Socialist Republics|
|Headquarters||Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union|
The Ministry of Railways (Russian: Министерство путей сообщения (МПС) Российской империи/СССР/РФ or Народный комиссариат путей сообщения (НКПС), more correctly translated as Ministry/People's Commisariat of Transportation) oversaw Soviet Railways, which operated the railways of the Soviet Union. It was divided into 32 agencies, which among them had millions of employees. The ministry was responsible for centralized departments (such as electrification), which applied to all subsidiaries.
Before 1946 the ministry was known as the People's Commissariat for Railways, although the term "Ministry of Railways" had been used by the pre-Soviet ministry (founded in 1865).
Commissars and Ministers
The following persons headed the Commissariat/Ministry as commissars (narkoms), ministers, and deputy ministers during the Soviet era:
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