Minuscule 521

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Minuscule 521
New Testament manuscript
Text Gospels
Date 1321/1322
Script Greek
Now at Bodleian Library
Size 24.4 cm by 17.5 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Hand very beautiful copy
Note marginalia incomplete

Minuscule 521 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 443 (in the Soden numbering),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on a parchment. It is dated by a colophon to the year 1321 or 1322.[2] Scrivener labelled it by number 562. The manuscript has complex context.


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels on 271 parchment leaves (size 24.4 cm by 17.5 cm). It is written in one column per page, 20 lines per page.[2]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are placed at the margin, but there are not their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top or bottom. There is no division according to the Ammonian Sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons.[3][4]

The tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) are placed before each Gospel, it contains lectionary markings at the margin, incipits, αναγνωσεις (lessons), Synaxarion, Menologion, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, and numbered στιχοι.[4][3]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Kr.[5] Aland placed it in Category V.[6] According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents Kr in Luke 1 and Luke 20. In Luke 10 no profile was made. It creates textual subgroup with the codex 35.[5]


The manuscript was bought by book-dealer Payne (?), from London. Then it belonged to Thomas Thorpe, another book-dealer in London. It was sold to Theodore Williams, Vicar of Hendon, for ₤120 in 1824.[4][3] Joseph Mendham bought it for ₤70 in 1827.[7] It was given by Mendham's widow to Dean Burgon, afterwards to the Bodleian Library.

The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament minuscule manuscripts by Scrivener (562) and C. R. Gregory (521).[4][3]

It is currently housed at the Bodleian Library (Gr. bib. d. 1) in Oxford.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 66. 
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 77. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs. p. 198. 
  4. ^ a b c d Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. pp. 255–256. 
  5. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 62. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  7. ^ Catalogue of the Law Society's Mendham Collection, lent to the University of Kent at Canterbury and housed in Canterbury Cathedral Library. Completed and edited by Sheila Hingley and David Shaw from the catalogue of Helen Carron and others. The Law Society, London, 1994. cliv, 500p. pp. cxl–cxli.

Further reading[edit]

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