Monastyryska

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Monastyryska

Монастириська
Dormition Church in Monastyryska
Dormition Church in Monastyryska
Flag of Monastyryska
Flag
Coat of arms of Monastyryska
Coat of arms
Country Ukraine
Province Ternopil Oblast
DistrictMonastyryska Raion
Magdeburg rights1454
Area
 • Total14.7 km2 (5.7 sq mi)
Population
 • Total6,344
 • Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Monastyryska (Ukrainian: Монастириська; Polish: Monasterzyska) is a town in Ternopil Oblast, Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Monastyryska Raion. In 2001, the population was 6,344. The town is situated on the river Koropets, 15 km (9.32 mi) from Buchach, 140 km (86.99 mi) south east from Lviv, on the road between Ternopil or Berezhany and Ivano-Frankivsk. The river Koropets forms a wide lake. Monasteryska borders Hryhoriv and Bertnyky on the east, Ozekhiv on the south, Vycholky and Stara Huta on the west, Nova Huta, Shveykiv and Kovalivka on the north.

Its older name was Monastyryshche (Монастирище),[1] which gave rise to the Yiddish name Monastrishtsh.

Prior to the war in 1939, the town had 1741 Roman Catholics (Poles), 408 Greek-Catholics (Ukrainians) and 1,310 Jews. The local Roman Catholic church has existed since 1702.

History[edit]

Historical affiliations

Crown of the Kingdom of Poland 1454–1569
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1569–1772
Habsburg Monarchy 1772–1804
 Austrian Empire 1804–1918
 Second Polish Republic ca. 1919–1945
  Soviet Union 1939–1941 (occupation)
  Nazi Germany 1941–1944 (occupation)
  Soviet Union 1944–1945 (occupation)
 Soviet Union 1945–1991
 Ukraine 1991–present

For most of its history the city belonged to the Kingdom of Poland. From the mid-14th century, to 1772 (see Partitions of Poland), it was part of Ruthenian Voivodeship. Monastyryska received a town charter in 1454, and in February 1653, a battle between Polish and Cossack troops took place here, during the Khmelnytsky Uprising. The Polish army under Stefan Czarniecki failed to capture the town, defended by Ivan Bohun.

After the partitions of Poland, Monastyryska was annexed by the Habsburg Empire. It remained in the province of Galicia until November 1918. In the Second Polish Republic, it was part of Buchach County, Tarnopol Voivodeship. Following the Soviet Invasion of Poland (September 17, 1939), the town was annexed by the Soviet Union. Many Lemkos families came to Monastyryska after Operation Vistula.

Since 1991, it has belonged to the independent Ukraine.

Polish cemetery[edit]

Monastyryska has one of the largest Polish cemeteries in the region of Podole, with more than 2,000 stone tombs. The cemetery has the burial chapel of the Potocki family as well as a military chapel, where veterans of the January Uprising and soldiers of the World War One Polish Legions rest.

Gallery[edit]

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Рудницький С. Українські козаки, in: В. Щербак (ed.). Коли земля стогнала, Kiev: Наукова думка, 1995, ISBN 5-319-01072-9, p. 258

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°05′20″N 25°10′10″E / 49.08889°N 25.16944°E / 49.08889; 25.16944