From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Panoramic view of Buchach in 2012
Panoramic view of Buchach in 2012
Coat of arms of Buchach
Coat of arms
Buchach is located in Ukraine
Map of Ukraine with Buchach highlighted.
Buchach is located in Ternopil Oblast
Buchach (Ternopil Oblast)
Coordinates: 49°05′00″N 25°24′00″E / 49.08333°N 25.40000°E / 49.08333; 25.40000Coordinates: 49°05′00″N 25°24′00″E / 49.08333°N 25.40000°E / 49.08333; 25.40000
Country Ukraine
Oblast Ternopil Oblast
RaionBuchach Raion
First mention1260
Magdeburg Rightsab. 1370 (first), 1515 (second)
 • City HeadYosyf Mostsipan
 • Total9.98 km2 (3.85 sq mi)
 • Total12,511
 • Density1,253.6/km2 (3,247/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
48400 — 48401
Area code(s)+380 3544

Buchach (Ukrainian: Бучач; Polish: Buczacz; Yiddish: בעטשאָטש‎, romanizedBetshotsh.or ביטשאטש (Bitshtosh); Hebrew: בוצ'אץ' Buch'ach; Turkish: Bucaş) is a city located on the Strypa River (a tributary of the Dniester) in Ternopil Oblast (province) of Western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Buchach Raion, and rests 135 kilometres (84 miles) south-east of Lviv, in the historic region of Halychyna (Galicia). The city was located in Habsburg Monarchy (1772—1804), Austrian empire (1804—1867), Austro-Hungary (1867—1918), West Ukrainian People's Republic (1918—1919), and Poland (1919—1939). The estimated population was around 12,500, according to the 2001 Ukrainian census.


The earliest recorded mention of Buchach is in 1260 by Bartosz Paprocki in his book "Gniazdo Cnoty, zkąd herby Rycerstwa Polskiego swój początek mają", Kraków, 1578[1]. The validity of this date was reasonably refuted by the Polish scientist Józef Apolinary Rolle[2].

In 1349, the region of Halychyna (Galicia) became part of the Kingdom of Poland. As a part of Ruthenian Voivodeship remained in Poland from 1434 until 1772 (see Partitions of Poland). It was during this time that the area experienced a large influx of Polish, Jewish and Armenian settlers. In the late 14th century, Polish nobleman (szlachta), Michał Awdaniec, Abdank coat of arms became the owner of the town on 1360-s or 1370-s. On July 28, 1379, Michał Awdaniec founded a Roman Catholic parish church, and built a castle. According to at least one accounting, in 1393, King Władysław II Jagiełło[citation needed] agreed to grant Magdeburg rights to Buchach (Buczacz): it was first Magdeburg-style city, located in the Halych Land. In the early 15th century, the Awdaniec family of Buchach changed its last name into Buczacki, after its main residence. Frequent invasions of the Crimean Tatars brought destruction to the town, and in 1515, it once again received the Magdeburg rights. In 1558 Katarzyna Tworowska nee Buczacka get the king's grant for market in Buchach. In 1580, local castle was rebuilt: the castle was twice besieged by the Tatars (1665, 1667), who finally captured it in 1672, during the Polish–Ottoman War (1672–1676). Buchach was a temporary residence of Mehmed IV; here, on October 18, 1672, the Treaty of Buchach was signed between Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ottoman Empire. According to this treaty, Poland handed the provinces of Ukraine and Podolia to Turkey.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, Buchach belonged to the Potocki family. Mikołaj Bazyli Potocki, the Starosta of Kaniv, Bohuslav, the son of Stefan Aleksander Potocki, Voivode of Belz, who became a Greek-Catholic about 1758, built here Buchach cityhall with a 35-meter tower (near 1751), a late Baroque Roman Catholic Church of Assumption of Mary (1761–1763), and rebuilt the castle, destroyed by the Turks. With the unification of Poland and Lithuania in 1569, the newly united kingdom extended from the Baltic to the Black Sea. Owing to its importance as a market town, Buchach had become a prominent trading centre linking Poland and the Ottoman Empire.

The old town hall of Buchach, a joint work of architect Bernard Meretyn and sculptor Johann Georg Pinsel.

In 1772, Eastern Galicia[3] together with other areas of south-western Poland, became a part of Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria — a crownland of the Habsburg Monarchy as part of the First Partition of Poland. Industry came to Buchach around the end of the 19th century. Among the small-scale industries there included a brickworks, and candle and soap factory, (modern) flour mills, a textile plant, and a necktie factory. The town also boasted a brewery and a winery. The largest factory was established early in the 1900s, when the Hilfesverein concern of Vienna set up a plant for the manufacture of wooden toys in Buchach employing some 200 workers, mainly young girls. In 1912 the Stanislaviv-based Savings and Credit Union opened a branch in Buchach, and this served as a bank for local industrialists and business.

Buchach remained a part of Austria and its successor states until the end of the First World War in 1918. The town was briefly a part of the independent West Ukrainian People's Republic before it was captured by the Republic of Poland in July 1919 after Ukrainian-Polish War.[4] Also, between August 10 and September 15, 1920, it was occupied by the Red Army (see Polish-Soviet War). In the Second Polish Republic, Buchach was the seat of a county (powiat) in Tarnopol Voivodeship. In the 1920s, Buchach was inhabited by Jews (~60%), Poles (~25%), and Ukrainians (~15%). On September 18, 1939, during the Soviet Invasion of Poland, Buchach was occupied by the Red Army, and incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR (see Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact). In 1941, it was invaded by Nazi Germany. Before World War II, approximately 10,000 Jews (half of the local population) lived in Buchach. According to the Soviet Extraordinary Commission, approximately 7,000 Jews were killed in Buchach during the Nazi occupation. Some were sent to Belzec, others murdered in the streets or in killing places in the forests. A few escaped to the Soviet Union or lived in the forests and fields. In May 1943, Buchach was proclaimed Judenfrei town. When Soviets retook the town on July 21, 1944, only about 100 Jewish survivors remained.[5] In 1945, its Polish residents were resettled into the lands of western Poland that had previously been German, and Communist authorities closed the parish church, turning it into a storage facility. Bones of the members of the Potocki family, kept in the church cellar, were thrown out, and later buried at the local cemetery.

In 1965, the neighboring village of Nahirianka was annexed to Buchach. After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Buchach became a part of independent Ukraine, and new, Ukrainian government returned the church to its rightful owners.

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms of Buchach originated from the Piława coat of arms, which was used by the Potocki family.


  • Saint Josaphat Institute


The city has religious communities of different churches: Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church, Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kyiv Patriarchate, Adventist Church and others.


People from Buchach[edit]

Born in Buchach[edit]




  • Shmuel Yosef Agnon (1888–1970), Nobel Prize-winning author
  • Simon Wiesenthal, an Austrian writer and Nazi hunter
  • Emanuel Ringelblum, historian, politician and social worker
  • Joachim Flescher, M.D., (1906–1976) psychiatrist-psychoanalyst
  • Mina Rosner, a Canadian writer
  • Ruben Feldschuh (Ben Shem) (1900–1980), Zionist author and political activist[11]
  • Max Nomad (1881–1973) is the pseudonym of Austrian author and educator Max(imilian) Nacht.[12]

People associated with Buchach[edit]




Unknown nationality[edit]


The closest international airports are:

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Buchach is currently twinned with:


  1. ^ Bartosz Paprocki, Gniazdo Cnoty, zkąd herby Rycerstwa Polskiego swój początek mają... Kraków: drukarnia Andrzeia Piotrkowczyka 1578, s. 609. pol.
  2. ^ Dr. Antoni J.: Zameczki podolskie na kresach multańskich. T. I : Kamieniec nad Smotryczem. Warszawa: nakładem Gebethnera i Wolffa, 1880, s. 10. pol.
  3. ^ Due to polish authors, Red Ruthenia.
  4. ^ Andrzej Chojnowski, Ukrainian-Polish War in Galicia, 1918–19 in the Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993)
  5. ^ "Execution Sites of Jewish Victims Investigated by Yahad-In Unum". Yahad-In Unum Interactive Map.
  6. ^ Buchach: Saint Nicholas's Church (1610).
  8. ^ Chubaty, Mykola in the Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine
  9. ^ Academical Chamber Orchestra HARMONIA NOBILE
  10. ^ Bociurkiw, Bohdan in Encyclopedia of Ukraine, 2015
  11. ^ Laurence Weinbaum, "Shaking the Dust Off" The Story of the Warsaw Ghetto's Forgotten Chronicler, Jewish Political Studies Review Vol. 22 No. 3–4 (Fall 2010).
  12. ^ Max Nacht Papers at International Institute of Social History
  13. ^ Mykola Mushynka, Hnatiuk, Volodymyr in Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 2 (1989).
  14. ^ Uchwała Nr LIII/372/2010 w sprawie współpracy partnerskiej ze społecznością lokalną miast, Buczacz pl

Further reading[edit]

  • Omer Bartov, Anatomy of a Genocide: The Life and Death of a Town Called Buczacz, Simon & Schuster, 2018

External links[edit]