Mondia whitei

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mondia whitei
Mondia whitei05.jpg
Mondia whitei06.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
M. whitei
Binomial name
Mondia whitei
Synonyms
  • Chlorocodon whitei Hook. f.
  • Chlorocodon whiteii Hook. f.

Mondia whitei (Hook.f.) Skeels is a perennial herbaceous/woody climber belonging to the family Apocynaceae, and as with most members of this family, has milky latex. Two species are recognised, the other being Mondia ecornuta (N.E. Br.) Bullock.[1] Known in some localities as 'gondolosi', in Kenya it is known as 'mukombero', the rootstock is often collected for medicinal use. It occurs at elevations of 1000 – 1500 m in moist to wet forests, and even in swampy grassland, across Sub-Saharan Africa; it is recorded from Guinea, Nigeria, Cameroon, the Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, and Angola. In Kenya its roots are heavily collected, and this often kills the plant.[2] Some initiatives propagate the species to supply the commercial demand and attempt to re-establish the species in the wild.[3]

With older stems becoming woody, it grows from a tuberous rootstock which has a ginger or liquorice taste and an aroma reminiscent of vanilla. The opposite leaves are large (100–300 x 50–150 mm) with a cordate base and 30–55 mm long petioles which, with the lower-surface veins, are often reddish-purple. The false stipules are large and fimbriaceous. The inflorescence is axillary and branched, flowers are short-lived, lasting 3–4 days. Petals are reddish-purple, ± 14 mm long and with a green edge. The flowers are unusually large for the subfamily Periplocoideae, and have a malodorous fruity scent which grows as the day progresses. The paired large fruits or follicles (75–100 x 44 mm) are semi-woody with a velvety surface.

Mondia is from the Zulu word for the plant, 'umondi'. The species commemorates A.S. White, a South African farmer, who sent specimens to Kew to John Croumbie Brown, Colonial Botanist at the Cape, who sent them on to Joseph Dalton Hooker, who described the species.

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List". www.theplantlist.org. Retrieved 2017-08-07.
  2. ^ McGeoch, Lauren (2008). "Impacts of land use, anthropogenic disturbance, and harvesting on an African medicinal liana". Biological Conservation. 141: 2218–2229. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2008.06.021.
  3. ^ "Mondia whitei | Plantz Africa". www.plantzafrica.com. Retrieved 2017-08-07.