Montserratians in the United Kingdom
7,284 (2011 Census)
|Regions with significant populations|
|English (British English, Caribbean English)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|British African-Caribbean community, British Indo-Caribbean community, Black British, Black African, Multiracial|
Montserratians in the United Kingdom including Montserratian-born immigrants to the United Kingdom and their British-born descendants constitute the second largest number of overseas British citizens living in the UK (behind Gibraltarians).
History and settlement
The Caribbean island of Montserrat has experienced British rule for centuries. British control was established in 1632 and to this day it remains an overseas territory of the United Kingdom. This in itself makes it easy for the overseas British citizens to migrate to the UK with few problems.
In 1995, the island's Soufrière Hills volcano erupted, destroying a large percentage of the island, including its capital city, Plymouth. The volcano later continued to erupt over the following years, and ultimately two thirds of Montserrat's population left the island. The UK immediately offered assistance, and began to welcome large numbers of refugees from the island. The people of Montserrat were granted full residency rights in the UK in 1998, and citizenship was granted four years later.
According to the 2001 UK Census 7,983 Montserratian-born people were residing in the UK (almost twice the population of Montserrat itself). According to the 2011 UK Census, there were 7,250 Montserratian-born residents in England, 20 in Wales, and 14 in Scotland.
- "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 2008-09-20.
- Pattullo, Polly (2005-07-18). "After the volcano". The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-12-22.
- "2011 Census: Country of birth (expanded), regions in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- "Country of birth (detailed)" (PDF). National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
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