Moritomo Gakuen

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Moritomo Gakuen
Native name
学校法人森友学園
Gakkō hōjin Moritomo Gakuen
Private Education Institution of Japan Edit this on Wikidata
Industryeducational system Edit this on Wikidata
FoundedAugust 25, 1952; 67 years ago (1952-08-25)
Headquarters,
Websitewww.tukamotoyouchien.ed.jp/ Edit this on Wikidata
Mizuho no Kuni school under construction

Moritomo Gakuen (学校法人森友学園, Gakkō hōjin Moritomo Gakuen) is a Japanese private school operator, most known for its involvement in a 2017 political scandal implicating Prime Minister Shinzō Abe and his wife, Akie Abe.

Moritomo Gakuen began as a kindergarten (preschool) operated by Yasunori Kagoike. Kagoike implemented a nationalist curriculum at the school which included daily recitations of the Imperial Rescript on Education, a practice employed at schools in the Empire of Japan from 1890 to 1945.[1]

Elementary school scandal[edit]

Kagoike sought to expand the kindergarten into a full-fledged Japanese elementary school and applied to buy a parcel of government-owned real estate in 2013, but was turned down as he could not pay a satisfactory price to the government.

In May 2015, he was able to negotiate a 10-year lease for the property provided that the school purchase the property in ten years.[2] The school named Akie Abe as honorary principal of the elementary school, Mizuho no Kuni.[1]

On February 9, 2017, scandal began when Asahi Shimbun reported that the central government of Japan had sold the 8,770 square metres (94,400 sq ft) property in Toyonaka, Osaka Prefecture, to Moritomo Gakuen for around ¥134 million, about 14% of the land's estimated value.[2][3] The Ministry of Finance explained that industrial waste (including concrete, wood and plastic) was found on the site and the reduction in the price of the land was to compensate for the estimated cost of cleaning up the waste, approximately ¥819 million, that the school was to bear.[2] The amount of the discount is the major issue in the scandal.[2] How the ministry calculated the cost is not clear.[2] Separately the government paid the school ¥131.76 million to help decontaminate the land, reducing what the government earned to only about ¥2 million.[2] In Diet hearings later that month, the Ministry of Finance explained that all records of the transaction had been destroyed, other than the contract itself, in compliance with government document retention laws which allowed the documents to be designated for retention for less than one year.[1]

As the scandal unfolded, Abe resigned from her position as honorary principal in late February. Prior to her resignation, Moritomo Gakuen removed a message from Akie endorsing the school, praising its nationalistic moral education program.[2][3]

Osaka prosecutors eventually suspected that Kagoike and his wife had falsified the numbers of teachers and students at the school, and the expected construction costs, when applying for state subsidies. Kagoike and his wife were arrested in July on charges of fraud.[4][5]

Former Meiji University law professor Lawrence Repeta argued that the scandal was a factor in the timing of the 2017 general election called by Abe.[1]

Day care center scandal[edit]

Osaka City filed suit against Moritomo Gakuen in 2017, demanding the return of over 61 million yen of subsidies improperly received in connection with the Koto Moritomo Gakuen day care center in Yodogawa Ward.[6]

Bankruptcy[edit]

Moritomo Gakuen filed for civil rehabilitation (bankruptcy restructuring) proceedings in October 2017, seeking to write off around 97% of its approximately 3 billion yen debt burden.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Repeta, Lawrence (2017-10-15). "Backstory to Abe's Snap Election – the Secrets of Moritomo, Kake and the "Missing" Japan SDF Activity Logs". The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Yoshida, Reiji (2017-03-13). "Abe stands his ground as Moritomo Gakuen scandal drags on". The Japan Times. Archived from the original on 2017-03-17. Retrieved 2017-03-27.
  3. ^ a b McCurry, Justin (2017-02-24). "Shinzo Abe and wife under pressure over ties to ultra-nationalist school". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2017-03-27. Retrieved 2017-03-27.
  4. ^ Pollmann, Mina (2017-08-02). "Abe's Political Woes Continue With Moritomo Scandal Arrests". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
  5. ^ "Japan arrests former head of school operator with ties to PM Abe's wife: media". Reuters. 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
  6. ^ "【森友学園事件】大阪市が森友保育園に6158万円を返還請求 応じなければ民事訴訟も". 産経WEST (in Japanese). 2017-09-28. Retrieved 2017-10-17.
  7. ^ "森友学園、再生計画案を提出 負債97%免除で分割返済". 朝日新聞デジタル (in Japanese). Retrieved 2017-10-17.