Moscow Ring Road

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Moscow Ring Road (MKAD)
Московская кольцевая автомобильная дорога
MKAD on Moscow map[1]
Route information
Length 108.9 km (67.7 mi)
Existed 1961 – present
Location
Major cities Moscow
Highway system
Russian Federal Highways

The Moscow Automobile Ring Road (Russian: Московская кольцевая автомобильная дорога, Moskovskaya Koltsevaya Avtomobilnaya Doroga), or MKAD (МКАД), is a ring road encircling the parts of the City of Moscow, the capital of Russia. The length of the road is 108.9 km (67.7 mi), and the number of exits is 35 (including 10 interchanges).

History[edit]

The growth of traffic in and around Moscow in the 1950s made the city planners realise Russia's largest metropolis needed a bypass to redirect incoming traffic from major roads that run through the city. Opened in 1961, the MKAD had four lanes of asphalt running 108.9 kilometres along the city borders. Although not yet a freeway, it featured interchanges at major junctions, very few traffic lights and a speed limit of 100 km/h (62 mph).

For a long time the MKAD served as the administrative boundary of Moscow city, until in the 1980s Moscow started annexing territory outside the beltway. In December 2002 Bulvar Dmitriya Donskogo became the first Moscow Metro station that opened beyond the limits of MKAD.[2]

In 1995-1999 the road was widened from the initial four to ten lanes, while all intersections became grade-separated, bridges were built to accommodate pedestrians, traffic lights were removed, and a solid concrete barrier was installed in the median. In 2001 all slow-moving vehicles were banned from entering the MKAD and the renovated road received a freeway designation from the mayor's office.

Route[edit]

Distance
(approx.)
Destinations Notes
0 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg (Entuziastov shosse) — Nizhny Novgorod
2 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Pobeda ulitsa — Reutov, Ivanovskoe
4 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Ketcherskaya ulitsa, Nosovikhinskoye ulitsa — Balashikha, Elektrougli
7 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Moldagulovoy ulitsa, Novoukhtomskoe shosse
8 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Ryazansky prospekt, Lermontovsky prospekt — Lyubertsy
11 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg (Volgogradsky prospekt, Novoryazanskoye shosse) — Bykovo Airport, Ryazan
14 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Verkhniye Polya ulitsa — Kotelniki
16 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Energetikov ulitsa, Kapotnya ulitsa — Dzerzhinsky, Kapotnya
20 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Besedinskoe shosse — Besedy
24 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg Kashira Highway
27 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg (Lipetskaya ulitsa) — Domodedovo Airport, Vidnoe, Kashira, Rostov-on-Don
30 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Bulatnikovo
33 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg (Varashchskoe shosse) — Podolsk, Ostafyevo International Airport
35 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Polyany ulitsa — Butovo
38 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Paustovskogo ulitsa — Yasenevo
41 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg A101, Profsoyuznaya ulitsa
45 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg (Kievskoe shosse), Leninsky Avenue — Vnukovo Airport, Bryansk, Kiev
48 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Borovskoye shosse, Ozyornaya ulitsa
55 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg (Minskoye shosse), Mozhayskoye shosse — Smolensk, Brest
56 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Gorbunova ulitsa — Nemchinovka
60 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg A106 (Rublevo-Uspenskoye shosse) — Uspenskoye
61 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Rublevo-Uspenskoye shosse — Rublevo
63 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg (Novorizhskoye shosse), Marshala Zhukova prospekt — Riga, Velikiye Luki
65 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Myankininsky prospekt — Myakinino
68 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg A109 (Volokolamskoye shosse) — Dedovsk, Petrovo-Dalneye
72 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Novokurkinskoye shosse — Kurkino
74 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Svobody ulitsa, Molodezhnaya ulitsa — Kurkino
75 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg (Leningradskoye Highway) — Sheremetyevo International Airport, Khimki, St. Petersburg
78 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg
82 km Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg A104 (Dmitrovskoye shosse) — Dubna, Dmitrov
85 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Altufyevskoye shosse — Veshki
91 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Ostashskaya ulitsa
95 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg (Yaroslavskoye shosse) — Yaroslavl
103 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg Khabarovskaya ulitsa — Abramtsevo
105 km Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg A103 (Shchelkovskoye shosse) — Shchyolkovo

Gallery[edit]

Interchange of MKAD and Kashirskoye Highway in Moscow 
MKAD interchange with Moscow–Saint Petersburg motorway 
Interchange of MKAD and Leningradskoye Highway 
Interchange of MKAD and Borovskoe shosse 
Interchange of MKAD and Mozhayskoe shosse 
MKAD interchange with Novorizhskoe shosse 
Interchange of MKAD and Volokolamskoe shosse 
Interchange of MKAD and Yaroslavskoe shosse 
Interchange of MKAD and Myakininsky proezd 
MKAD interchange with Molodogvardeyskaya street 
MKAD interchange with Dmitrovskoe highway 
MKAD interchange with Verkhniye polya street 
MKAD interchange with M2 
MKAD near Strogino District 
MKAD interchange with Profsoyuznaya street 
Yaroslavskoe highway interchange 
Interchange of MKAD and Volgogradsky Prospekt in Moscow 

See also[edit]

Ring roads in Moscow:

Comparison to other ring roads encircling big cities:

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Map not including the new boroughs (2012) of Novomoskovsky and Troitsky
  2. ^ "Bul'var Dmitriya Donskogo". Moscow Metro official site. Archived from the original on 13 March 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 

External links[edit]