Moshe Ber Beck

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Rabbi

Moshe Ber Beck
Neturei karta.jpg
Moshe Ber Beck (center, in gray caftan)
Personal
Born(1934-05-17)17 May 1934[1]
Died15 April 2021(2021-04-15) (aged 86)
ReligionJudaism
PositionChief rabbi
OrganisationNeturei Karta USA
ResidenceMonsey, New York, U.S.

Moshe Ber Beck, or Moshe Dov Beck (Hebrew: משה דוב בעק; May 17, 1934 – April 15, 2021),[2] was a Hungarian-born American rabbi and anti-Zionist campaigner. He was the leader of one of the Neturei Karta branches in the United States.

Biography[edit]

Moshe Ber Beck was born in Nyírbogát, Hungary. His early childhood was spent hiding with his brother from Nazi persecution until 1945, when Soviet troops took Budapest. In 1948, he migrated to Bnei Brak, Israel, where he began yeshiva studies. In 1959, he married, and at that time joined Neturei Karta, leaving the Vizhnitz Hasidic movement of which he had formerly been a part.[3] He left Israel in 1970 because, he said, of his strong opposition to Zionism, and subsequently lived in Monsey, New York, where he worked as a rabbi and anti-Zionist activist.[1]

Beck died from complications related to COVID-19 on 15 April 2021. He was 86 years old.[2][4]

Anti-Zionist campaigning[edit]

A protest by the Satmar beth din against Beck and his actions
Pashkevil against Beck's actions, signed in the name of Neturei Karta in Israel

Moshe Ber Beck, along with other rabbis such as Yisroel Dovid Weiss, was known as a Haredi opponent of Zionism, but like all of Neturei Karta, to an extent which leaves him far beyond the mainstream Haredi viewpoint. He was one of the leaders of Neturei Karta in the U.S. Among other activities, he participated in a visit to Iran in 2006, where he met with President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to publicize Haredi opposition to Zionism. Beck denounced what he considered a political use of the Holocaust by what he called the Zionist establishment. In 2014, he appeared in a lengthy interview on the documentary, Judaism in the Era of Zionism, in which he laid out his anti-Zionist viewpoint.

Beck's opposition to Zionism is based, he said, upon the works of Joel Teitelbaum, especially Vayoel Moshe, a lengthy work which aims to demonstrate that Jews are commanded by the Torah to remain in exile until redeemed by the messiah, and are therefore prohibited to establish an independent country.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (January 27, 2014) "Biographical Speech by Senior Rabbi Moshe Dov Beck", nkusa.com. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Neturei Karta Leader Moshe Ber Beck Dies In Monsey". Yeshiva World News. 16 April 2021. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  3. ^ "Neturei Karta hold pro-Palestinian rallies". ynetnews.com. 2012-11-19. Retrieved 2015-04-18.
  4. ^ "Leader of Neturei Karta, extremist anti-Zionist haredi Orthodox group, dies at 87". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 2021-04-16. Retrieved 2021-12-06.

External links[edit]