Vayoel Moshe (Hebrew: ויואל משה) is a Hebrew book written by Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum, founder of the Satmar Hasidic movement, in 1961. In it, Teitelbaum argues that Zionism is incompatible with Judaism.
As Teitelbaum explains in the introduction, the book's title is taken from the biblical verse of Exodus 2:21, and hints to Teitelbaum's first name (Yoel), and to his grandfather, Moshe Teitelbaum. The verse, which states "And Moses agreed to stay...an alien in a foreign land", hints to Teitelbaum's conclusion that the Jewish people should remain in exile.
The book is considered to be Teitelbaum's magnum opus, and is of the utmost importance to Satmar Hasidim, as well as to many Haredim who follow the Satmar doctrine regarding Zionism. Satmar Hasidism has many institutions, buildings and neighborhoods named after the book.
Vayoel Moshe is primarily a book of Halacha, Jewish law. However, it draws on Rabbinic Jewish philosophy as well.
The book consists of three parts:
1. Maamar Shalosh Shevuos (Treatise regarding the Three Oaths), which is the main part of the book, is an in depth analysis of the Three Oaths and their practical halachic implications.
The "Three Oaths" are originally detailed by the Talmud in tractate Ketubot. The Talmud discusses a passage from the Song of Songs in the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) in which God made the Israelites promise "to wait for Him before arousing his love" as "King Solomon in Song of Songs thrice adjured the daughters of Jerusalem not to arouse or bestir the love until it is ready." The Talmud explains that the Jewish people are bound by three oaths:
- Not to ascend to Eretz Yisrael "like a wall" (i.e.in a strong manner).
- Not to rebel against the nations of the world.
- Not to delay the coming of the Messiah.
The Talmud follows the discussion of the oaths with a strong warning:
...Rabbi Elazar said: The Holy One, Blessed be He, said to the Jewish people: If you fulfill the oath, it is good, and if not, I will abandon your flesh and all will devour you like the gazelles and like the hinds of the field.
Teitelbaum discusses the legal status of the oaths and what they imply. He argues that while the oaths are clearly metaphorical, and do not have the legal status of actual oaths, they are to be understood as guidelines for what is considered to be an attempt to leave exile before divine redemption, which he posits is severely forbidden and is tantamount to heresy.
2. Maamar Yishuv Eretz Yisroel (Treatise about settling the Land of Israel), which seeks to clarify if there is a halachic obligation to dwell in the land of Israel, as well as general halachic concerns regarding Jews emigrating to Israel, known as Aliyah.
3. Maamar Leshon HaKodesh (Treatise about the holy tongue), in which Teitelbaum writes that not only is there no reason to choose to speak Modern Hebrew, it is actually forbidden. This was written as a personal answer to the chief rabbi of Montreal at the time, Rabbi Pinchas Hirschsprung, and it was later added into this book.
- Rabbi Teitelbaum refers to religious Zionism as a major desecration of God's name.
- Blames Zionism for worsening, and the aveirah of Zionism for being a cause of, the Holocaust, both in direct ways, as well as on a spiritual level by causing the fulfillment of the slaughter the Talmud says will happen if the oaths are violated.
- Refers to Zionist leaders such as Theodor Herzl as 'heretics'.
- Argues that any participation in the Israeli elections is one of the worst sins and halachically a Jew must rather be killed than vote.
- Blames some of the bloodshed in the middle east on the Zionists.
- Rules that it is forbidden to accept any money from Israeli government programs.
- Asserts that the way of the Baal Shem Tov is forgotten today, and that Hasidus is no longer properly understood.
- Argues against the practice of making decisions on the basis of folk tales about Hasidic Rabbis, especially in matters of Halacha.
- Stresses that blind faith in the righteous is foolish, as even genuinely learned and pious scholars can be misled, make errors, or abandon their righteous ways; rather, a person must conduct his own examination of the original sources.
- Rabbi Gil Student's arguments against Vayoel Moshe, with a counter argument
- The book Vayoel Moshe (full in Hebrew)
- An English translation of Vayoel Moshe in progress, as well as lectures in English.
- Rav Aviner's response to Vayoel Moshe
- Teitelbaum, Joel. ויואל משה [Vayoel Moshe] (PDF). pp. 46–50.
- "Kesubos 111a". (please note that the English translation is highly subjective)
- Vayoel Moshe, Maamar Shalosh Shevuos, siman 36
- Vayoel Moshe, Maamar Shalosh Shevuos, simanim 42-45
- Teitelbaum, Rabbi Yoel (Vayoel Moshe, from the middle of Section 110, published in 1961). "Six million Jews were killed as a result of the Zionists". jewsagainstzionism.com. Archived from the original on 2009-03-17. Retrieved 2009-03-17. Check date values in:
- Teitelbaum, Rabbi Yoel (Section 139, Vayoel Moshe, Part II, published in 1961). "the Zionists have constantly fomented hatred of Jews around the world in order to strengthen their ideology of creating and maintaining their state, which is the most dangerous place in the world for the Jewish People". jewsagainstzionism.com. Archived from the original on 2009-02-16. Retrieved 2009-02-16. Check date values in:
- Vayoel Moshe, Maamar Shalosh Shevuos, siman 185
- Vayoel Moshe, Maamar Shalosh Shevuos, siman 142-175