|• Revised Romanization||Muju-gun|
Location in South Korea
|Administrative divisions||1 eup, 5 myeon|
|• Total||631.8 km2 (243.9 sq mi)|
|• Density||39.8/km2 (103/sq mi)|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Countyscape
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Tourism
- 8 Sports Events
- 9 Muju Film Festival
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Muju-gun belonged to two different countries before being incorporated into one administrative district. Prior to the Era of Samhan (before BC 4th century), it was divided by the Sobaek Mountains, and its east side belonged to Byeonjin and its west side Mahan.
During the era of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, Mupung (the present name) in Byeonjin belonged to Silla and was called Musanhyeon, and Jugye area (current Muju-eup) in Mahan belonged to Baekje and was called Jeokcheonhyeon. It is known that Musan was renamed as Mupung and Jeokcheon as Dancheon after the Era of Unified Silla (668~917).
After Goryeo (918∼1392) was founded, Mupung did not change its name whereas Dancheon was renamed as Jugye, and as Joseon rearranged administrative districts in 1414 (the 14th year of Taejong), Mupung and Jugye were incorporated into one district.
It was named as Muju through the combination of the first letters of the two areas, Mupung and Jugye, after they were incorporated into one administrative district.
Muju-gun is situated near four provinces, including Chungbuk, Chungnam, Gyeongbuk and Gyeongnam. Historically and geographically, the area has served as a transitional ground between the east and west part of the southern peninsula and is a site for cultural exchange. The geographical coordinates of Muju-gun is 127° 55′ ~ 127° 31′ of east longitude and 36° 4′ ~ 36° 47′ of north latitude. It is located in the central part of the country.
It has a mountainous climate in which temperature is drastically different in the day and at night. Annual average temperature is 10.8℃, and the highest temperature of the year is 35℃ and the lowest -17℃. Annual average precipitation is 1,251mm, and Namdae Stream, a branch stream of Geum River, is flowing through Muju-eup.
In the spring, Gucheon-dong Cherry Blossom Road starting at Rajetongmun located in Seolcheon-myeon is notable for its scenery along with the royal azaleas that line a 28-km-long road in Deokyu Mountain.
Clean fresh water in Gucheon-dong is popular in the summer. Rafting is available in the Geum River, and there are sandy beaches and Naedori (in Muju-eup), an inland islet blessed with fantastic rocks and stones.
Maple leaves at Deokyu Mountain (National Park) and Jeoksang Mountain can be seen during the fall. In particular, Jeoksang Mountain that is cited as one of the 100 most beautiful views in Korea is blessed with Gibong Summit, Hyangrobong Summit, Cheonil Fall, Jangdo Rock, Janggun Rock and Anryeomdae. In addition, Yangsu Power Generator at the summit, a mountaintop lake and such historic sites as Jeoksang Sanseong and Anguksa Temple make the area more valuable.
Muju is compared to a beautiful painting in the winter. Since Muju Resort where a silver snowfield unfolds in the winter is equipped with large ski facilities, hotels, performing stages, saunas, swimming pools and amusement parks, it is loved by many wanting to enjoy a romantic winter.
Service and other industries take up about 50 percent of the industrial structure of Jeollabuk-do, while the remainder is taken up by the order of mining, manufacture, agriculture, forestry, fishery, construction, electric and gas industries. For the industrial structure of Muju-gun, primary industry accounts for 52%, secondary industries 2%, and tertiary industries 46%. Upon the construction of the Taekwondo Park, tourism, leisure and enterprise city, and Danone Co Ltd’s Muju plant, the industrial structure of Muju undergo a dramatic transformation.
Highways and National roads
Highway #35, which connects Daejeon Metropolitan City and Tongyeong, Gyeongnam, goes through Muju-gun, as well as National Road #19, #30 and #37. Located at the center of Korea, Muju-gun has an excellent transportation system. From downtown Muju, it takes about two and a half hours to Seoul, an hour to Daejeon Metropolitan City, an hour and fifty minutes to Daegu Metropolitan City, an hour to Jeonju, two hours and ten minutes to Gwangju Metropolitan City and three hours to Busan. (Destination based on the city halls of each city).
Currently, there is no railroad directly passing through Muju-gun. However, the government plans to construct a railroad connecting Saemangeum (west coast of Jeollabuk-do) and Gimcheon through Muju-gun. In addition, as other railroads pass through the background area of Muju-gun, including Daejeon Metropolitan City and the Yeongdong region of Chungbuk, Muju-gun is readily accessible via these railroads. From Deokyusan I.C., it takes about fifty minutes (66 km) through Highway #35 to reach Daejeon Station, where the high-speed KTX, general train service and freight train service are available. It takes about fifty minutes (50 km) via Highway #35 and National Road #19 to reach Yeongdong Station in Chungbuk, where both general and freight train service are available.
From downtown Muju, it takes about three hours (283 km) to reach Incheon International Airport, two hours (156 km) to Daegu International Airport and two hours (165 km) to Gwangju International Airport.
From downtown Muju, it takes about two hours to Gunsan Port in Gunsan City, Jeollabuk-do, and two hours and forty minutes to Busan Port.
Since December 2006, Muju-gun, an ecological city blessed with beautiful nature, life, advanced culture and tradition, has been visited by as many as 4.2 million persons, and the number of visitors is increasing every year.
Muju Firefly Festival is a Korea’s representative environmental festival held on the theme of Firefly, Natural Treasure No. 322, every June. Firefly is an environment indicator insect that lives only in the clean environment, and Muju-gun is raising awareness about the seriousness of environmental contamination that is getting worse by linking firefly to a festival. Since 1997 when the festival was initiated, it was selected as Korea’s excellent festival for 11 years in a row.
The construction of Taekwondo Park that is expected to grow into the sacred ground for 70 million Taekwondo lovers in 188 countries will be initiated on Taekwondo Day, September 4, 2009, and completed in 2013. The park established in area covering 2,314,049㎡ will include Taekwondo Stadium, Exhibition Hall, Experience Hall and Accommodations. Currently, an observatory is established in the site of Taekwondo Park in Seolcheon-myeon, Muju-gun drawing Taekwondo lovers and tourists all across the world.
- World taekwondo expo took place in Muju and Jeonju area in July, 2008.
Bandi Land Insect Museum
Bandi Land established in a habitat of firefly in Seolcheon-myeon, Muju-gun includes Insect Museum, School of the Nature, Youth Camp and Natural Resort Forests providing many tourists with an opportunity to experience the mystery of the nature. At the entrance of Insect Museum, representative fossils ranging from the paleozoic era to the Cenozoic era were restored to help appreciate the ancient mystery of the nature, and specimens of 13,500 rare insects of 2,000 species including fireflies are exhibited in the Insect Hall and 150 tropical plants are on display in Botanical Hall. It also includes the Korea’s largest insect specimens and a 3-D movie theater equipped with Dome Screen in addition to an ecological restoration site, insect trees and a natural history site helping families appreciate and experience the preciousness of the nature.
Bandi Observatory, a 3-story building established in area covering 752.47㎡, is located in Bandi Land and equipped with Exhibition Room, Video Room and Observation Room. It is also equipped with 13 small telescopes including a 305mm RC Telescope enabling visitors to experience telescopes, and the Korea’s first 800mm satellite tracking and monitoring telescope enables visitors to observe planets including the Sun, nebula and a cluster of stars.
Mt.Deokyu National Park
Deokyu Mountain is one of the 12 most beautiful mountains in Korea and centers around Hyangjeok Summit that stands 1,614m above the sea level. Deokyu Summits that starts at Sambong Mountain in Mupung and reaches South Deokyu creates a 40 km-long ridge dividing Youngnam Area and Honam Area. Crystal water flows from the Hyangjeok Summit to create the 33 most beautiful sceneries in Gucheon-dong in addition to Muju Resort in Buksa-myeon and Chilyeon Valley in the southwest attracting a lot of visitors. The valleys of the mountain are filled with red royal azaleas in the spring, and green forests draw visitors in the summer. Red autumn leaves tint the mountain in the fall, and it creates mysterious scenery filled with white snow in the winter.
Jeoksang Mountain surrounded with rocky cliffs is famous for beautiful autumn leaves. Jeoksang which means a red skirt stemmed from its beautiful autumn leaves. It stands 1,034m above the sea level and creates a graceful scenery on the back of a summit lake for Yangsu Power Generator and such historic sites as Jeoksangsanseong (Jeollabuk-do Regional Monument No. 88) and Anguksa Temple.
Less than a 3-hour drive from Incheon International airport, Muju Resort is a mountain resort in Korea that is 688 hectares (1,700 acres) in area and located in Mt. Deokyu National Park. Muju Resort claims to be a four-season resort, and it is known in Korea chiefly for its ski area.
Muju 1997 Winter Universiade
Muju Film Festival
Launched in 2013, Muju Film Festival (MJFF) is a small film festival which focuses on Korean independent cinema and carefully selected foreign films. It offers one of the unique cinematic events in Korea which combines nature and film through a selection of outdoor screenings in the stunning mountainous region. It also hosts a series of events ranging from music concerts and dance performances to more cultural offerings specific to the local environment and Muju region.
- Official webpage of Muju http://eng.muju.org/index.sko
- McEnteggart, Simon (30 May 2015). "3rd Muju Film Festival Combines Cinema with the Great Outdoors". Groove Korea. Retrieved 2016-01-22.
- "Muju Film Festival (MJFF)". Muju Film Festival. Retrieved 2016-01-22.