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Mus'haf al-Tajwid, printed with colored letters to facilitate reading the Quran with Tajwid.
Arabic Quran with Persian translation.

A mus'haf (Arabic: مصحف‎, Arabic pronunciation: [ˈmʊsˤħaf] with the ṣ and ḥ as two separate consonants, not *mʊʃaf) is a codex or collection of sheets (sahifah, see below). The Quran, which Muslims believe to have been revealed at various times and in various ways during the 23-year period at the end of Muhammad's life, was collected into a codex under the third Caliph, Uthman ibn Affan.[1]

The Islamic term al-Qur’ān means 'the Recitation', denoting its content. When referring to the physical bound volume, some use the term mushaf.

The Quran refers to itself as kitab, not as mus'haf. Noting this, some scholars have argued that the Quran does not present itself as a "book", which implies it is finished and complete, so much as a "scripture", something written or communicated, which gives it more dynamism and life. The Quran speaks of itself as having been a kitab even before it was put into writing.[2] writes:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wheller, Brannon M. Prophets in the Quran: An Introduction to the Quran and Muslim Exegesis, Continuum Books, 2002, p. 5.
  2. ^ Madigan, Daniel. The Qur'an's Self-Image: Writing and Authority in Islam's Scripture, Princeton University Press, 2001.
  3. ^ The Book of Fatimah (AS)

External links[edit]