Musanga cecropioides

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Musanga cecropioides
Musanga cecropioides tree in the Mayombe region
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Urticaceae
Genus: Musanga
Species: M. cecropioides
Binomial name
Musanga cecropioides

Musanga cecropioides, the African corkwood tree or umbrella tree, is found in tropical Africa from Sierra Leone south to Angola and east to Uganda. It is typical in secondary forests.

This tree is also known as parasolier, n'govoge, govwi, doe, kombo-kombo, musanga, and musanda.


Musanga cecropioides can reach a height of 100 feet (30 m) with a diameter of 1–3 feet (0.30–0.91 m). Its trunk has a pale whitish/yellow tone with a rough, granular texture.


Musanga cecropioides is a pioneer species and readily springs up in newly cleared patches of forest. In Nigeria it is joined in these locations by the poison devil's-pepper (Rauvolfia vomitoria), the Ivory Coast almond (Terminalia ivorensis) and the dragon's blood tree (Harungana madagascariensis). Five years later, M. cecropioides has become dominant, with a closed canopy at 10 m (33 ft)[1]


Uses of the wood from the African corkwood tree range from flotation devices, such as rafts, to toys. The wood of the African corkwood tree has a frail concreteness and has a tendency to mold and tarnish easily. The tree has traditional medical uses among the Bantu peoples of the Central African Republic, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea.[2]


  1. ^ Aweto, Albert O. (2013). Shifting Cultivation and Secondary Succession in the Tropics. CABI. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-78064-043-3.
  2. ^ Atta-ur- Rahman (2011). Studies in Natural Products Chemistry: Bioactive Natural Products (Part L). Gulf Professional Publishing. pp. 803–805. ISBN 978-0-08-045847-2.

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