Rauvolfia vomitoria

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Rauvolfia vomitoria
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae
Tribe: Vinceae
Genus: Rauvolfia
Species: R. vomitoria
Binomial name
Rauvolfia vomitoria
Afzel., 1817[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Rauvolfia congolana De Wild. & T.Durand
  • Rauvolfia pleiosiadica K.Schum.
  • Rauvolfia senegambiae DC.
  • Rauvolfia stuhlmannii K.Schum.

Rauvolfia vomitoria, the poison devil's-pepper,[3] is a plant species in the genus Rauvolfia. It is native to tropical Africa from Senegal east to Sudan + Tanzania, south to Angola; and naturalized in China, Bangladesh, and Puerto Rico.[4]

2,6-Dimethoxybenzoquinone is a benzoquinone, a toxic chemical compound found in R. vomitoria.[5]

Every part of the tree is toxic.[6] It has been identified as an invasive species in Hawai’i (O’ahu).[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Subordinate Taxa of Rauvolfia L.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  2. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 19 November 2016 
  3. ^ "Rauvolfia vomitoria". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  4. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. ^ Kupchan, S. Morris; Obasi, Mang E. (2006). "A note on the occurrence of 2,6-dimethoxybenzoquinone in Rauwolfia vomitoria". Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association. 49 (4): 257. doi:10.1002/jps.3030490421. 
  6. ^ "Eyes and Ears Network". Kohala Center Newsletter. November 2010. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. 
  7. ^ Invasive Species Fact Sheet 16, Pacific Islands Area, Poison devil’s-pepper (Rauvolfia vomitoria) (PDF), Natural Resources Conservation Service, 2011, retrieved 19 November 2016 

External links[edit]