Mushtaq Ahmed Zargar
|Mushtaq Ahmed Zargar|
Mushtaq Ahmed Zargar alias Mushtaq Latram (born in 1967) and grew up in the Nowhatta area of Srinagar in downtown Kashmir Valley. He was motivated to militancy in 1988 by Ashfaq Majeed Wani his first commander in chief and joined JKLF under Wani. After death of Ashfaq in march 1990 he had ideological differences with the other leadership of JKLF followed by Ashfaq Majeed Wani, and later founded his own pro pakistan organisation Al-Umar Mujahideen after the death of Wani. Ashfaq Majeed Wani is believed to be the godfather of all separatists movement heads either Hurriyat Hizbul Mujahideen or anyone. It was Ashfaq Majeed Wani who is considered the father or armed insurgency in Kashmir.
After Zargar returned to India in 1989 after getting training in PaK under Ashfaq Majeed Wani. After Wanis death when one of his suggestions was not accepted by Hamid Sheikh and Yasin Malik, he later formed a group of his own aimed to annex Jammu and Kashmir Al-Umar Mujahideen (HUM) (the commandment of the Mujahidin) in 1991. It is widely believed that more and more members of JKLF started their own organisations because of the split after the death of Ashfaq Majeed Wani. All wanted to work and were working under Ashfaq Majeed Wani but due to his death there was no unity in other members so all of them started theie own groups after having ideological differences.
On 12 December 1989 Zargar was one of the members who carried out kidnapping of Rubaiya Sayeed under the leadership of Ashfaq Majeed Wani. Rubaiya was the daughter of the newly appointed Home Minister of India Mufti Mohammad Sayeed. The kidnappers demanded the release of five of their comrades in exchange for Rubaiya Sayeed’s release. The government accepted their demands and freed the mujahids.
At least three dozen murder cases were registered against Zargar in Srinagar, India, including some high-ranking Indian officers.
Zargar was arrested on 15 May 1992. He was released from jail on 12/31/1999 as part of the Indian Airlines Flight 814 hostage deal and provided safe passage to Pakistan. Immediately after his release Mushtaq Ahmed Zargar renewed the activity of Al-Umar Mujahideen in Muzaffarabad, close to the Indian border, in recruiting and training of young Muslims to the guerilla war in Indian Kashmir.
Zargar was reportedly arrested by Pakistani authorities in 2002. 
- Giriraj Shah (2002). Hijacking and terror in sky. New Delhi: Anmol. p. 117. ISBN 81-261-1090-2.
- Giriraj Shah (2002). Hijacking and terror in sky. New Delhi: Anmol. p. 105. ISBN 81-261-1090-2.
- Abhinandan Mishra (2008-07-27). "India's Response To Terrorism - Are We Losing The War?". Archived from the original on 2008-08-04. Retrieved 2008-08-04.