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Myrsine alyxifolia5.jpg
Myrsine alyxifolia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Primulaceae
Subfamily: Myrsinoideae
Genus: Myrsine

See text.


Suttonia A.Rich.

Myrsine is a genus of flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. It was formerly placed in the family Myrsinaceae before this was merged into the Primulaceae.[1] It is found nearly worldwide, primarily in tropical and subtropical areas. It contains about 200 species,[2] including several notable radiations, such as the matipo of New Zealand and the kōlea of Hawaiʻi (the New Zealand "black matipo", Pittosporum tenuifolium, is not related to Myrsine). In the United States, members of this genus are known as colicwood. Some species, especially M. africana, are grown as ornamental shrubs.

The leathery, evergreen leaves are simple and alternate, with smooth or toothed margins and without stipules. The one-seeded, indehiscent fruit is a thin-fleshed globose drupe. The flowers and fruits often do not develop until after leaf fall and thus appear naked on the branches. The fruits often do not mature until the year after flowering. The calyx is persistent.

The Pacific basin and New World species formerly separated in the genera Rapanea and Suttonia (distinguished from the African and Southeast Asian Myrsine sensu stricto by having the style absent and staminal tube and filaments completely adnate to the corolla) are now generally included in Myrsine.[2]

Hawaiian species [3][edit]

Other selected species[edit]


  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
  2. ^ a b Wagner, W. L.; D. R. Herbst & S. H. Sohmer (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 934.
  3. ^ Appelhans, M. S., Paetzold, C., Wood, K. R., & Wagner, W. L. (2020). RADseq resolves the phylogeny of Hawaiian Myrsine (Primulaceae) and provides evidence for hybridization. Journal of Systematics and Evolution.[1]
  4. ^ Little Jr., Elbert L.; Roger G. Skolmen (1989). "Kōlea" (PDF). United States Forest Service. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Little Jr., Elbert L.; Roger G. Skolmen (1989). "Kōlea lau-liʻi" (PDF). United States Forest Service. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Myrsine at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Myrsine at Wikispecies