County Route 563 (New Jersey)

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County Route 563  marker

County Route 563
CR 563 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NJDOT, Atlantic and Burlington counties, and Ole Hansen & Sons, Inc.
Length 43.87 mi[1] (70.60 km)
Existed 1952 – present
Major junctions
South end CR 629 / Ocean Drive in Margate City
  US 9 in Northfield
G.S. Parkway in Egg Harbor Township
US 40 / US 322 in Egg Harbor Township
US 30 in Galloway Township
US 30 / Route 50 in Egg Harbor City
North end Route 72 in Woodland Township
Location
Counties Atlantic, Burlington
Highway system
CR 561 CR 565

County Route 563 (CR 563) is a county highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The highway extends 43.87 miles (70.60 km) from CR 629/Ocean Drive (Ventnor Avenue) in Margate City, Atlantic County north to Route 72 in Woodland Township, Burlington County. In Atlantic County, the road runs through a mix of suburban and rural areas, passing through Northfield, Egg Harbor Township, and Egg Harbor City. North of Egg Harbor City into Burlington County, CR 563 runs through the heavily forested Pine Barrens. Between Margate and Northfield, CR 563 runs along the Downbeach Express, a toll bridge that is maintained by Ole Hansen & Sons, Inc.

The Margate Bridge was built in 1929 by Ole Hansen and was privately maintained until being taken over by the Margate Bridge Company in 1963. It was renamed to the Downbeach Express in 2012. The portion of present-day CR 563 between U.S. Route 9 (US 9) and US 30 was legislated as a state highway called Route S43 in 1938, a spur of Route 43 (US 30). This was never built as a state highway. By 1946, all of current CR 563 had been built as a paved road. The CR 563 designation was assigned in 1952 with the creation of the 500-series county routes in New Jersey.

The Cardiff Circle at the north end of the US 40/US 322 concurrency in Egg Harbor Township was eliminated in 2002, while the Airport Circle at CR 646 near the Atlantic City International Airport underwent alterations in 2011 allowing Delilah Road motorists to pass straight through the circle, and future plans call for new ramps to pass over the circle as part of a project to connect the airport directly to the Atlantic City Expressway.

Route description[edit]

CR 563 begins at an intersection with CR 629 (Ocean Drive) in Margate City, Atlantic County, heading to the northwest on Jerome Avenue, a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane.[1][2] The road continues through residential areas of Margate City before it comes to the toll plaza for the Downbeach Express, formerly known as the Margate Bridge and Causeway.[2][3] This span, which stretches from Margate City to Northfield, is maintained by Ole Hansen & Sons, Inc., and tolls can be paid with cash or the Downbeach Express Pass, an automated toll collection system.[3][4] E-ZPass is not accepted on the Downbeach Express. The toll for cars is $1.75 using cash and $1.30 using the Downbeach Express Pass.[5] At this point, CR 563 narrows into a two-lane undivided road and turns west, entering Egg Harbor Township upon crossing the Beach Thorofare on a drawbridge.[1][2] The road turns northwest into wetlands, crossing over several waterways.[2] After passing a marina, the route runs through more wetlands before entering Northfield. Here, CR 563 becomes Mill Road and passes homes prior to a five-way intersection with CR 585 and CR 662. At this intersection, CR 563 turns north onto Tilton Road and runs through residential and commercial areas. Upon crossing US 9, the route widens back to a five-lane road with a center left-turn lane and is lined with several businesses.[1][2] The road crosses back into Egg Harbor Township, becoming a six-lane divided highway as it crosses CR 651 and has a ramp from the southbound direction to the Garden State Parkway. CR 563 becomes a four-lane undivided road as it crosses under the Garden State Parkway and comes to a ramp from the southbound Garden State Parkway to southbound CR 563. A short distance later, it comes to an intersection with US 40/US 322 (Black Horse Pike), where CR 563 makes a left turn to form a concurrency with that road.[1]

Along the Black Horse Pike, the road continues north and passes to the east of the Harbor Square shopping center.[2] CR 563 splits from US 40/US 322 by continuing north-northwest on Tilton Road, which is three lanes wide including a center left-turn lane.[1] It runs through wooded areas of development as it crosses over the Atlantic City Expressway without an interchange.[1][2] CR 563 intersects CR 646 and Amelia Earhart Boulevard, an access road to the Atlantic City International Airport at the former Airport Circle.[1] Following the circle, the route narrows into a two-lane road as it passes through forests prior to running to the west of the Atlantic City International Airport.[1][2] The road continues into Hamilton Township, where it has an intersection with CR 575.[1] After this intersection, CR 563 enters wooded surroundings and crosses into Galloway Township.[1][2] In this area, the road crosses over New Jersey Transit’s Atlantic City Line prior to an intersection with US 30 (White Horse Pike).[1]

Northern terminus of CR 563 at Route 72

CR 563 heads northwest to form a concurrency with the four-lane undivided US 30, passing through the community of Cologne, where it crosses CR 614. The road continues through rural areas with some development before entering Egg Harbor City at the CR 674 junction. In Egg Harbor City, the road passes homes and businesses before coming to the northern terminus of Route 50 in the center of town.[2][6] At this intersection, CR 563 splits from US 30 by heading northeast on two-lane undivided Philadelphia Avenue, which continues south as Route 50.[1] The road passes through the downtown area before entering areas of homes.[2] After crossing CR 561, the development along CR 563 decreases as it heads into heavily forested areas of the Pine Barrens and comes to a crossroads with CR 561 Alternate.[1][2] Upon crossing Egg Harbor City Lake, CR 563 becomes Park Avenue West, Buffalo Avenue, and Egg Harbor-Green Bank Road. The road makes a turn to the north and crosses into Mullica Township.[1] In Mullica Township, the route enters the residential community of Weekstown, where it curves west before heading north at the CR 643 junction.[1][2] Upon leaving Weekstown, CR 563 turns northeast back into the Pine Barrens.[2]

After crossing the Mullica River on a drawbridge, CR 563 enters Washington Township in Burlington County, where it becomes Chatsworth-Harrisville-New Gretna Road and continues northeast past homes. After heading east for a brief concurrency with CR 542, the route heads north into the Wharton State Forest, passing through rural areas for several miles. CR 563 intersects CR 679 before passing a few areas of homes.[1][2] The road runs through more forests before heading into an area of cranberry bogs.[2] CR 563 leaves the Wharton State Forest and enters Woodland Township, still in the Pine Barrens.[1][2] In Woodland Township, the route comes to the residential community of Chatsworth.[2] In the center of the community, CR 563 has a concurrency with CR 532.[1] After running through Chatsworth, CR 563 passes through more forests before coming to its northern terminus at Route 72.[1][2]

History[edit]

Cutout shield for Route S43
Route S43 (planned in 1938)

What is now CR 563 between Egg Harbor City and Green Bank originally existed as an unnumbered and unpaved road by 1927.[7] The Margate Bridge between Margate City and Northfield was built in 1929 by Ole Hansen and was privately maintained by F. W. Schwiers & Company. This span would be purchased in 1963 by the Margate Bridge Company, owned by the Hansen and Capaldi families, after the original owners went bankrupt.[3]

In 1938, a spur of Route 43 (US 30) called Route S43 was planned to follow the current alignment of CR 563 from Route 43 in Germania to Route 4 (now US 9) in Northfield; this road was never built as a state highway.[8] By 1946, the entire current alignment of CR 563 was built as an unnumbered paved two-lane road.[9] When the 500-series county routes were established in New Jersey in 1952, CR 563 was designated onto its current alignment. A spur route, CR 563 Spur, was also designated, which ran from CR 563 in Washington Township east to US 9 in New Gretna in Burlington County.[10] This spur route was replaced with CR 679 by the 1990s.[11] The Cardiff Circle at the north end of the US 40/US 322 concurrency in Egg Harbor Township was eliminated in a $3.7 million project completed in 2002.[12] The Airport Circle at CR 646 was planned to be replaced with a regular intersection due to a high accident rate at the current circle.[13] The circle was removed in 2011, allowing CR 646 motorists to pass straight through the circle, and future plans call for new ramps to pass over the circle as part of a project to connect the airport directly to the Atlantic City Expressway.[14]

In 2003, an automated toll collection system was introduced along the Margate Bridge and Causeway known as the Quick Toll Card, which used a prepaid automated toll card. In 2012, the Margate Bridge and Causeway was renamed the Downbeach Express and the more efficient Downbeach Express Pass automated toll collection system was introduced.[3]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi[1] km Destinations Notes
Atlantic Margate City 0.00 0.00 CR 629 / Ocean Drive (Ventnor Avenue) Southern terminus
Beach Thorofare 0.90 1.45 Downbeach Express
Northfield 3.73 6.00 CR 585 (Shore Road)
4.47 7.19 US 9 (New Road) – Somers Point, Ocean City, Cape May, Absecon
Egg Harbor Township 6.12 9.85 G.S. Parkway Southbound exit and entrance, GSP exit 36
6.27 10.09 US 40 east / US 322 east (Black Horse Pike) – Atlantic City South end of US 40/US 322 overlap
6.90 11.10 US 40 west / US 322 west (Black Horse Pike) – Delaware Memorial Bridge, Philadelphia North end of US 40/US 322 overlap
Hamilton Township 11.53 18.56 CR 575 (Wrangleboro Road)
Galloway Township 13.74 22.11 US 30 east (White Horse Pike) South end of US 30 overlap
Egg Harbor City 16.70 26.88 US 30 west (White Horse Pike)
Route 50 south (Philadelphia Avenue)
North end of US 30 overlap
17.56 28.26 CR 561 (Duerer Street)
18.20 29.29
CR 561 Alt. (Moss Mill Road) – Hammonton, Smithville
Burlington Washington Township 24.73 39.80 CR 542 west (Hammonton Road) South end of CR 542 overlap
24.86 40.01 CR 542 east North end of CR 542 overlap
Woodland Township 39.98 64.34 CR 532 east South end of CR 532 overlap
40.07 64.49 CR 532 west to US 206 – Tabernacle North end of CR 532 overlap
43.87 70.60 Route 72 – Long Beach Island Northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "CR 563 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved January 9, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Google (January 9, 2010). "overview of County Route 563" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 9, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Downbeach Express". Ole Hansen & Sons, Inc. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Downbeach Express". DOWNBEACHEXPRESS.COM. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Fare Schedule". DOWNBEACHEXPRESS.COM. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  6. ^ "US 30 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. October 7, 2006. Retrieved September 21, 2007. 
  7. ^ Map of New Jersey (Map). Tydol Trails. 1927. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved March 30, 2009. 
  8. ^ "Laws of 1938, Chapter 216". State of New Jersey. p. 511. Retrieved December 28, 2009. 
  9. ^ Wilmington, Delaware 1:250,000 quadrangle (Map). United States Geological Survey. 1946. Retrieved March 28, 2009. 
  10. ^ Map of New Jersey (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha. Chevron Oil Company. 1969. 
  11. ^ United States-Canada-Mexico Road Atlas (Map). Rand McNally. 1996. 
  12. ^ "Temporary detour of traffic at the Cardiff Circle to begin Friday evening, May 3". New Jersey Department of Transportation. May 1, 2002. Retrieved October 21, 2009. 
  13. ^ "New Jersey 2009 Five Percent Report". Federal Highway Administration. 2009. Retrieved January 9, 2010. 
  14. ^ Watson, Sarah (April 14, 2011). "Project would link Atlantic City International Airport directly to the Atlantic City Expressway by 2013". Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved April 17, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google

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