Aerial photo of the historic city of Naarden
Location in North Holland
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Joyce Sylvester (PvdA)|
|• Total||32.90 km2 (12.70 sq mi)|
|• Land||21.40 km2 (8.26 sq mi)|
|• Water||11.50 km2 (4.44 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|Population (May 2014)|
|• Density||804/km2 (2,080/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Naarden ([ˈnaːrdə(n)] ( listen)) is a municipality and a town in the Gooi region in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands. Naarden is an example of a star fort, complete with fortified walls and a moat. The moat and walls have been restored.[when?]
Naarden was granted its city rights in 1300 (the only town in Het Gooi with these rights) and later developed into a fortified garrison town with a textile industry. Naarden is the home of the Netherlands Fortress Museum (Nederlands Vestingmuseum). Naarden hosts the bi-annual Naarden Photo Festival and, on Good Friday, a performance of Bach's St. Matthew Passion in the local church, which is called the Great Church or St. Vitus Church. Despite its earlier importance, Naarden's population was surpassed by Hilversum in the 18th century and today it is smaller than its neighbour Bussum.
Naarden is well known as the city where Jan Amos Komensky (Comenius) was buried; visitors can see his grave in the mausoleum devoted to him.
The city's distinctive shape made it a rallying point for Allied bombers returning to England after raids on Germany.
Dutch topographic map of the municipality of Naarden, June 2015
The municipal council of Naarden consists of 17 seats, which are divided as follows (2014):
- The Great Church (Grote Kerk). The church is situated on the Markstraat and dates from the 15th century. Prior to the Protestant Reformation it was named for St Vitus. It is one of the oldest surviving churches in The Netherlands, having had the good fortune to survive the Spanish invasion of 1572 and the subsequent burning of the town. The church has numerous wooden vaults that are painted with scenes from the Old and New Testaments. These were hidden for many years and were only rediscovered in a recent restoration. The church is the venue for a number of cultural activities such as organ music nights and the bi-annual Naarden Photo festival.
- The Spanish House (Spaanse Huis). The house, situated at Turfpoortstraat 27, was originally a church building converted to house migrants. In 1572 Spanish troops conducted a massacre of some 700 inhabitants who had gathered to hear a peace proposal. The Spanish then fired on the assembled citizens, and went on to set fire to the town. A plaque above the lintel of the door and below the eaves commemorates the massacre. In 1615, after the population had reestablished itself, they built the city hall on the site. Part of the building was given over to De Waag (The Scales House), the municipal office entrusted with the verification of weights and measures. The building later served a French garrison as a bakery, turning out over 1000 loaves per day. From 1967 until 1992 it served as the Comenius museum.Today, the historic building serves as the Weegschaal Museum.
- Nordin Amrabat (1987) – football player
- Willem Arondeus (1894–1943) – artist and author
- Belcampo (21 juli 1902 - 1990) – writer (Herman Pieter Schönfeld Wichers)
- Tom Coronel (1972) – racing driver
- Maarten de Bruijn (1965) – product designer
- Annemarie Groen (1955) – backstroke swimmer
- Tom van 't Hek (1958) – field hockey player and coach
- Andries Knevel (1952) – talk show host
- Frank Martin, Swiss composer who lived in Naarden for the last twenty years of his life
- Bertil Schmüll (1946) – engraver
- Salomon van Ruysdael (between 1600 and 1603 to 3 November 1670) – painter
- Maarten van Delden (1958) – professor at UCLA and field hockey player
- "Samenstelling" [Members] (in Dutch). Gemeente Naarden. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 1411EC". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- "Contact information." Stork B.V. Retrieved on 10 January 2012. "Stork Head office Stork B.V. Amersfoortsestraatweg 7 1412 KA NAARDEN"