Nahem Shoa standing next to his Giant Head of Ben on display at Hartlepool Art Gallery
|Born||1968 (age 51–52)|
|Education||Studied under Robert Lenkiewicz|
|Alma mater||London College of Printing|
Manchester School of Art
Royal Drawing School
|Known for||Giant Heads; portraits of mixed-race and Black Britishers|
|Movement||New British Realists|
|Awards||Lord Leighton Prize |
BP Portrait Award
Carroll Foundation Award
Elizabeth Greenshields Foundation Award
Nahem Shoa (/ /, born 1968) is a contemporary London painter best known for his series of portraits, collectively called Giant Heads, which were painted at up to 15 times life size. He is also notable for having increased the number of portraits of Black and mixed-race British people on display in British museums. Shoa has won a number of awards and prizes for his work, and serves on The Royal Albert Memorial Museum and Art Gallery's Contemporary Arts Panel. His work has been exhibited in London's National Portrait Gallery and the Royal Academy as well as at galleries and museums in other parts of the UK.
Early life and education
Nahem Shoa was born to Jewish parents in England in 1968. Showing artistic interest at a young age, Shoa first trained at 16 as an apprentice to the anti-establishment British artist Robert Lenkiewicz. He continued studying under Lenkiewicz at intervals for eight years. Shoa also explored graffiti art as a teenager. Soon after graduating from London College of Printing in 1988, Shoa began winning prizes for his work. Shoa went on to complete a BA in Fine Art at Manchester School of Art in 1991 and a Postgraduate at Royal Drawing School in 2004. From his student days in Manchester, he was determined to be a professional painter.
Shoa showed his art in group exhibitions at Manchester City Art Gallery, where he won first prize, in 1989; at Holden Gallery in Manchester, and at Leighton House — for which he won the Lord Leighton Prize — both in 1991; the Summer Exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts in 1992; the National Portrait Gallery, also in 1992; at the NatWest-sponsored Young Artists of the 90s show, for which he again won first prize, in 1995; as part of The Sacred Body at James Colman Fine Art, in 1996; and at Montpelier Sandelson gallery in 1999.
Shoa specialised in live-model portraiture until 2007. Unlike many portraitists, he worked with live models rather than reference photographs. His 2004 oil series Giant Heads, featuring British citizens from different ethnic and sexual backgrounds, was exhibited at four major solo shows: Bury Art Gallery and Museum, Coventry's Herbert Art Gallery and Museum, Hartlepool City Art Gallery, and Plymouth City Museum and Art Gallery. The artist said this series of paintings "aims to capture and celebrate the multicultural nature of our society."
Shoa's objective behind his four 2004 shows was to rebalance the lack of positive imagery for Black Britishers in UK art galleries. He had noted that Black people were portrayed there almost exclusively in the historical context of slavery or servitude, and complained that, "in Tate Modern there isn't a single [B]lack image and the same can be said of many major collections". His own culturally-diverse Jewish parentage, stemming from an Adenite Jewish father with "some Ethiopian blood" and a Russian-Scottish mother — combined with a London upbringing in the multicultural Notting Hill neighborhood notably characterised in the London novels of Colin MacInnes — fostered Shoa's early sensitivity to ethnic, gender and cultural injustices.
The 2014 donation of Desmond — a portrait of his Notting Hill childhood pal, the Black British artist Desmond Haughton — to Exeter's Royal Albert Memorial Museum and Art Gallery demonstrated Shoa's ongoing egalitarian commitment. A 2015 article by Isobel Johnstone, past curator of the Arts Council Collection, discussed the significance of the donation:
Portraits of [B]lack subjects are rare in galleries even today and Shoa's picture makes a strong point by its very existence here. Artistically it measures up. It also reveals Shoa's painting skills — strong structure that is the legacy of Cézanne and Cubism, and vibrant colour created from a palette devoid of black and earth pigments. The close-up pose reflects the popular intimacy of today's media. This contemporary portrait of fellow painter Desmond Haughton is a small measure of what Shoa has been best known for to date.
Desmond now hangs beside the Exeter gallery's iconic Portrait of an African — one of the rare 18th-century paintings of a Black gentleman of means. Portrait of an African was formerly believed to be of Olaudah Equiano, and is attributed to Allan Ramsay. Shoa's other portraits of Black Britishers hang in Bury Museum and Art Gallery and Plymouth City Museum and Art Gallery.
By 2007, Shoa had established himself as an artist invested in representing British ethnic and sexual diversity. Isobel Johnstone, Arts Council's London Collection curator from 1979 to 2004, described Shoa's painting Kiki and Helen as being "of a lesbian couple one naked the other clothed. The frontal posture of the naked figure echoes Henri Matisse, even Stanley Spencer, but for Shoa a more appropriate comparison would be with Rembrandt's The Jewish Bride because of the way in which the hands touch." Johnstone also noted, "Shoa's ambition was to make sure his multiculturalism was not the art of outsiders."
A series of massive skull studies drew the larger-than-life phase of Shoa's work to a close. Some of his later works included composite imagery of catastrophes, such as floods, nuclear disasters and riots. Curator Isobel Johnstone described these works thusly: "Most recently Shoa made another dramatic move — from a tangible kind of reality to something quite intangible – where, contrary to all previous methods of working, accident was allowed to prompt imagination."
Exhibitions in detail: 2004–2014
In 2004, Nahem Shoa had two large-scale, one-man shows in regional art galleries: Youth Culture Multi Culture at Plymouth City Art Gallery and Museum, and Giant Heads & Multi-Culture at the Hartlepool Art Gallery. The exhibition at Plymouth City Gallery included 16 paintings from the "Giant Heads" series, and another 40 large-format portraits, and also included a display of works inspired by Shoa's portraits.
In 2005, his solo exhibition We Are Here, at The Herbert, Coventry City Art Gallery, featured giant portraits of ten Black and multiracial models as part of the gallery's observance of Black History Month. These solo shows in 2004 and 2005 broke previous attendance records at each gallery.
Also in 2006, Shoa had a solo exhibition titled Facing Yourself at Bury Art Gallery. Facing Yourself exhibited 25 oil paintings of people of varying ethnic backgrounds, including both Black and mixed-race subjects. The heads were 15 times larger than life, eliciting this reaction from Culture24 art critic Kay Carson: "[D]espite the grandiose scale, the mood is quite the opposite: muted, dignified and very personal."
In 2007, he featured in the group exhibition True To Life at the Herbert Art Gallery and Museum, with his work alongside that of fellow Realist painters Frank Auerbach, David Bomberg, Lucian Freud, and Robert Lenkiewicz.
In April and May 2010, Shoa's Giant Head of Ben was included in In Thy Face I See, a group show at Hartlepool Art Gallery focused on portraiture.
David Whetstone, writing in The Journal, called Shoa's work "extraordinary", characterized him as "approach[ing] the planes and gradients of the face as a landscape painter would an appealing view" and noted his commitment to artistic representation of cultural diversity.
Critic Rob Haynes of Metro praised the way Shoa's large-scale portraits "offer the viewer different ways of looking, choosing between the near-abstract effect from close up or the detailed accuracy from a distance." Haynes also called the works in Shoa's Facing Yourself show "impressive" and compared Shoa's brushwork to Monet's. Shoa's style of portraiture has been compared to that of Lucien Freud.
"Shoa brings to life multi-cultural Britain and its youth culture with technically brilliant painting," The Journal's critic said in a later review, and marked Shoa's participation in the New British Realists movement.
A profile of Shoa and his work, titled "Nahem Shoa: A Superstar in Waiting", appeared in the Autumn 2007 issue of Art in London magazine; in it, critic Rachel Crow described how if one of Shoa's models "cries or is angry [Shoa] lets that emotion come through in the painting", and said Shoa's "use of colour and texture is powerful and emotional." She also contrasted how while a Shoa portrait seen up close "appears to be abstract because of the amount of texture and color layered onto the canvas, [... when the viewer steps back] a realist portrait appears with the personality of the sitter emerging". Crow went on to discuss the first of Shoa's skull portraits, noting how Shoa "was able to give it life and personality" and lauding "the sense of depth he was able to create." Art in London also approved of Shoa's "disciplined work ethic" of eight-hour days, six days per week, with some of his days off devoted to teaching portraiture to other painters.
Hartlepool Art Gallery issued a series of greeting cards featuring art in their collections, including Shoa's Giant Head of Ben, in 2006; the works selected to appear on the cards were voted for by museum visitors.
In 2007, Giant Head of Ben was one of five finalists in a resident vote for which Hartlepool-held artworks should be included in the town's new virtual gallery.
Talks and publications
In 1994, some of Shoa's work was published as part of Drawing Figures, an art-instruction text published in association with the Royal Academy of Arts.
Nahem Shoa has given several lectures about his mentor Robert Lenkiewicz, including 2007's "Close reading with Nahem Shoa", at the Novas Gallery, and 2014's "Sound Bites: Robert Lenkiewicz", in conjunction with the Seale-Hayne exhibition, Family Matters, of Lenkiewicz's work.
The Ben Uri Gallery hosted an exhibition from 26 September–14 December 2008 titled Robert Lenkiewicz — The Self-Portraits (1956–2002), as a part of which Shoa gave a lecture entitled "Under The Influence".
In 2012, The Royal Albert Memorial Museum and Art Gallery invited Shoa to be a member of their Contemporary Arts Panel, serving as a consultant to RAMM for the promotion of contemporary art exhibitions.
In 2014, Shoa gave his lecture "Paradise Found" at Exeter's Royal Albert Memorial Museum and Art Gallery as part of the exhibition Detached and Timeless, which included paintings by David Bomberg, Prunella Clough, Patrick Heron, Peter Lanyon, and Clare Woods. Shoa's lecture explored the various approaches used by these painters to depict the landscape of Britain's southwest.
Also in 2014, Lenkiewicz Reconsidered: Perspectives in Conflict, to which Shoa contributed, was published by Halsgrove Publishing's Halstar imprint.
Awards and prizes
- Manchester City Art Gallery Under 30s Show, first prize, 1989
- Lord Leighton Prize, 1991
- The National Portrait Gallery's BP Portrait Award, 1992
- Royal Society of Portrait Painters's Carroll Foundation Award, 1992
- Elizabeth Greenshields Foundation Award, 1994
- NatWest Young Artists of the 90s, first prize, 1995
- Buckman, David (2007). Artists in Britain Since 1945. Sansom. p. 87. ISBN 978-0953260959. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- Crow, Rachel (Autumn 2007). "Nahem Shoa: A Superstar in Waiting". Art in London: 50–53.
- Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery (January 2014). "RAMM Contemporary Arts Programme 2012¦2015: Mid-term Review" (PDF). p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 October 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- "Facing the past: Black portraits". RAMMuseum.org.uk. RAMM, the Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery. 1 September 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Vagrant Bishop imortalised in paint". Camden New Journal. 6 December 2007. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Dawson, Katie (31 December 2002). "Lenkiewicz pupil pays an artistic tribute". Western Morning News. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- "Carroll Foundation Award until 2003". theRP.co.uk. Royal Society of Portrait Painters. Archived from the original on 29 July 2015. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Contemporary Arts Panel". RAMMuseum.org.uk. RAMM, the Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Nahem Shoa". The Royal Drawing School. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Johnstone, Isobel (June 2015). "About Nahem Shoa: Tangible To In-Tangible. New work by Nahem Shoa". NahemShoa.co.uk. Nahem Shoa official website. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Whetstone, David (22 April 2004). "More to Shoa for it". The Journal. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Carson, Kay (22 September 2006). "Facing Yourself — Nahem Shoa's Portraits At Bury Museum & Art Gallery". Culture24.org.uk. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Your Paintings: Uncovering the nation's art collection — About this painting — Study of the Artist — by Nahem Shoa". Art UK. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Giant-sized paintings go on show". Coventry Evening Telegraph. Archived at TheFreeLibrary.com. 22 September 2005. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Your Paintings: Uncovering the nation's art collection — About this painting — G. Benga — by Nahem Shoa". Art UK. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Spicer, Graham (3 October 2005). "Black History Month 2005 — The Herbert Celebrates". Culture24.org.uk. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Giant head, Ben by Nahem Shoa". Art Fund. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Isobel Johnstone". The Rowley Gallery. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- "Nahem Shoa paintings". Art UK. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- "The New Realists — and a commitment to life". The Journal. 3 July 2006. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Nahem Shoa's paintings and drawings of skulls — Skulls life and death". NahemShoaPaintings.Weebly.com. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Nahem Shoa, Sleeper". Saatchi Art. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- "Nahem Shoa, Mac Flood". Saatchi Art. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- "Nahem Shoa, Dead Christ". Saatchi Art. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- Haynes, Rob (15 September 2006). "Time to face up". Metro (British newspaper).
- Chamberlain, Julie (9 February 2007). "Artists portray a desire for realism; Art. (Features)". Coventry Evening Telegraph. Archived at HighBeam.com. Archived from the original on 15 November 2018. Retrieved 7 September 2015.(subscription required)
- Lenkiewicz, Robert. "True to Life". RobertLenkiewicz.org. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- "Museum displays its finest". Sunderland Echo. 27 February 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- "Paper Vernacular: Drawings & Constructions @ Cutlog". Artsy.net. 4 May 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Heward, Julian (16 April 2014). "Face to face with portraits past and present" (Press release). Hartlepool: Hartlepool Borough Council. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Dolman, Bernard (2002). "Nahem+Shoa"&hl=en&sa=X Who's Who in Art, Volume 30. Art Trade Press. p. 531. ISBN 978-0900083198. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- "Send your favourite art by post". Hartlepool Mail. 15 December 2006. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- "New way to look at old masters". 30 March 2007. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- Smith, Ray (1 December 1994). "Nahem+Shoa"&hl=en&sa=X Drawing Figures. Dorling Kindersley. pp. 20–21. ISBN 978-1564586667. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- "Private Lenkiewicz collection to be unveiled at Seale-Hayne". DiscoverHannahs.org. Dame Hannah Rogers Trust. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Shoa, Nahem (2008). "You Offer Me a Dead Rose, May I Give You a Dead Rat?". RobertLenkiewicz.org. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Robert Lenkiewicz Publications". RobertLenkiewiczPublications.co.uk. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Event Details — Robert Lenkiewiscz — The Self Portraits (1956–2002) — 26th September 2008 – 14th December 2008". Ben Uri Gallery. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "The London Jewish Museum of Art: R.O. Lenkiewicz: Self-Portraits 1956–2002: The First Museum Showing" (PDF). Ben Uri Gallery. Retrieved 10 September 2015.
- "Evening Lecture: Paradise Found". RAMMuseum.org.uk. RAMM, the Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery. Archived from the original on 15 July 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Detached and Timeless: Contemporary artists inspired by nature and spirit of place". RAMMuseum.org.uk. RAMM, the Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Nichols, Keith (2014). Lenkiewicz Reconsidered: Perspectives in Conflict. Halstar. ISBN 978-1906690366. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- Annual Exhibition 2014 (PDF). London: Royal Society of Portrait Painters. 2014. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-901415-27-1. Retrieved 10 September 2015.