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Map showing the location of Naqoura within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Naqoura within Lebanon
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°07′12″N 35°08′03″E / 33.12000°N 35.13417°E / 33.12000; 35.13417Coordinates: 33°07′12″N 35°08′03″E / 33.12000°N 35.13417°E / 33.12000; 35.13417
Grid position 163/281 PAL
Country  Lebanon
Governorate South Governorate
District Tyre District
Highest elevation 60 m (200 ft)
Time zone +2
 • Summer (DST) +3

Naqoura (Arabic: الناقورة‎, Enn Nâqoura, Naqoura, An Nāqūrah) is a small city in southern Lebanon. Since March 23, 1978, the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) has been headquartered in Naqoura.


According to E. H. Palmer, the name means "the horn" or "the trumpet". This name rises apparently from a misconception on the part of the Arab-speaking inhabitants, as the name, [..] Tyre means in Arabic a horn or trumpet; therefore Ras Sur (the headland or ladder of Tyre') is rendered by Nakura, the synonym for Sur. The word is also connected with [..] to peck or perforate."[1]


UN troops in Naqoura

In 1875, during the late Ottoman era, Victor Guérin described it: "The village stands upon a hill, on the south of which is a deep way, through which flows a spring called 'Ain Nakurah, which waters plantations of fig-trees and olives mixed with palms. The village contains 400 Metawileh. The houses are modern, but some of the materials appear ancient by their regularity and dimensions. There must, therefore, have been an older village here, the name of which was probably similar, if not identical."[2]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it: "A village, built of stone, containing about 250 Moslems, situated on low hills by sea-coast. Gardens of olives, palms, pomegranates, figs, and arable land ; brushwood to the east. Two springs with plentiful supply of water."[3]


  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 53
  2. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 169-170; as translated in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 151
  3. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 151


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