National Council for Human Rights
|Formation||19 June 2003|
|Hossam El Gheriany|
|Abdul Ghaffar Shukr|
The National Council for Human Rights (NCHR) is an Egyptian human rights organization established in 2003 with a mission of promoting and maintaining human rights in Egypt. The President of the NCHR is former UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, who has held the position since the organization's founding. The NCHR publishes annual reports concerning the current human rights situation in Egypt.
While the NCHR maintains that it operates independently, other organizations, such as the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies, have expressed skepticism for the NCHR's affiliation with the Shura Council and the government's role in selecting members in the organization. In its 2009 Human Rights Report on Egypt, the United States State Department described the NCHR as a "consultative subsidiary of the Shura Council," but recognized that the NCHR's 2008/2009 annual report highlighted the human rights abuses by the Egyptian government, such as the imposition of a state of emergency, mistreatment of arrested citizens, weak counterterrorism laws, and restrictions on political parties and NGOs.
In 2007, the NCHR accused the Egyptian government of fraud during a national referendum. With Egyptian opposition groups urging citizens to boycott the referendum, the NCHR reported that the Egyptian government forced public workers to vote and restricted access to polling station from outside monitors. The Egyptian government reported that 75.9% voted for the constitutional amendments, although only 27% of voters participated in the referendum.
In the aftermath of the ouster of former president Hosni Mubarak, a committee organized by the NCHR found Mubarak, former interior minister Habib el-Adly, and others in the National Democratic Party responsible for the deaths of peaceful protesters during the uprisings preceding Mubarak's resignation. However, this report was met with criticism from those who believe that Mubarak should be held criminally, in addition to politically, responsible for violence against protesters
In September 2012 the Shura Council announced the appointment of 27 new members to the NCHR, including Hossam El Gheriany as President and Abdul Ghaffar Shukr as vice-president. The other new appointments were: Ahmed Seif El-Islam, Ahmed Harara, Amira Abul-Fotouh, Ehab El-Kharrat, Hanna Gereis, Safwat Hegazi, Tareq Moawad, Talaat Marzouk, Abdel-Khaleq Farouq, Abdullah El-Ashaal, Abdullah Badran, Abdel-Moneim Abdel-Maqsoud, Mohamed El-Beltagy, Mohamed Azab, Mohammad Zarei, Fahmi El-Damat, Mahmoud Ghozlan, Mona Makram Ebeid, Hani Abdel-Aal, Hoda Abdel-Moneim, Wael Khalil, Wagdi El-Arabi and Mohamed Toson.
- "Visions and Goals". National Council for Human Rights. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "Annual Reports". National Council for Human Rights. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- "Egypt National Council for Human Rights asserts its independence". National Human Rights Institutions Forum. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "2009 Human Rights Report: Egypt". United States State Department. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- "Panel accuses Egyptian government of fraud in referendum". New York Times. 27 March 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- "National Council of Human Rights’ report on Abū Fānā incidents: The incidents have unveiled the escalation of sectarian tension in Egypt". Arab-West Report translation of Al-Wafd newspaper, July 18, 2008. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- "Fact finding committee accuses Mubarak, Al-Adly of killing protestors". The Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- "Fact-finding committee slammed for not recommending trial of Mubarak". Almasry Alyoum, 27 March 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- Who's who in Egypt's reshuffled Human Rights Council, Ahram Online, 4 September 2012.