Nauvoo Commercial Block, taken as part of the Historic American Buildings Survey
Location of Nauvoo in Walker County and Winston County, Alabama.
|• Total||0.99 sq mi (2.57 km2)|
|• Land||0.99 sq mi (2.56 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)|
|Elevation||568 ft (173 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||204.25/sq mi (78.83/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||205, 659|
|GNIS feature ID||0160219|
Nauvoo is a town on the northwestern edge of Walker County, Alabama, United States, that extends slightly north into southwestern Winston. As of the 2010 census, the population of the town is 221, down from 284 in 2000. Camp McDowell, the official camp and conference center of the Episcopal Diocese of Alabama, is located here.
The town of Nauvoo was founded in 1888, during the construction of the Northern Alabama Railway, and was formerly a center of coal mining. The town grew out of isolated agricultural settlements on the Walker County-Winston County line, which had been known unofficially as Blackwell's Crossing and Ingle Mills (or Ingle's Mill) after prominent local landowners. Railroad construction drove the development of the town center on Joshua Blackwell's property, but he declined to have the new town be named officially in his honor. The local resident Tom Carroll suggested the name "Nauvoo," after Nauvoo, Illinois — a city founded by Mormon prophet Joseph Smith in 1839 and later the site of an Icarian colony settlement — reportedly "because he had admired the [Illinois] town... in his earlier travels through that state." By 1891, the town was mentioned in the Winston Herald as "Nauvoo, a flourishing town with three stores and one steam gin doing good business." Nauvoo incorporated in 1906.
Nauvoo is indicated on the map called the "Military map showing the marches of the United States forces under command of Maj. Genl. W. T. Sherman, U.S.A., during the years 1863, 1864, 1865." Printed in 1865.
Nauvoo is located at .
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all land.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 284 people, 116 households, and 83 families residing in the town. The population density was 289.3 people per square mile (111.9/km2). There were 150 housing units at an average density of 152.8 per square mile (59.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.24% White, 1.06% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. 1.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 116 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $22,274, and the median income for a family was $29,167. Males had a median income of $24,375 versus $16,875 for females. The per capita income for the town was $11,066. About 20.7% of families and 24.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.1% of those under the age of eighteen and 22.2% of those sixty five or over.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Local Towns: Nauvoo, Alabama". WalkerWeb.net. WalkerWeb. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
- Lee, Margaret Earley (1991). Memories of Nauvoo. Marietta, Georgia: Treasured Memories. pp. 1–2.
- James P. Kaetz. "Cities and Towns: Nauvoo". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Archived from the original on 8 November 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
- Quoted in Lee, Margaret Earley (1991). Memories of Nauvoo. Marietta, Georgia: Treasured Memories. p. 3.
- Bureau of the Census (1913). Reports of the Thirteenth Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1910, Volume II: Population 1910, Reports By States, with Statistics for Counties, Cities and Other Civil Divisions (Alabama-Montana) (PDF). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. p. 34, n. 5.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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