Nebo Zovyot

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Nebo Zovyot
Nebo Zovyot film poster 1959.jpg
Theatrical poster
Directed by Valery Fokin
Produced by Mikhail Karyukov
Aleksandr Kozyr
Screenplay by Aleksei Sazonov,
Yevgeni Pomeshchikov
with Mikhail Karyukov
Music by Yuliy Meitus, performed by Vyacheslav Mescherin
Cinematography Nikolai Kulchitsky
Edited by L. Mkhitaryyanch
Production
company
Release date
  • 1959 (1959) (USSR)
Running time
77 min.
Country Soviet Union
Language Russian

Nebo Zovyot (Russian: Небо зовет, translit. Nebo zovet, lit. The Sky Beckons or The Heavens Beckon) is a Soviet science-fiction feature film, produced by Aleksandr Kozyr and Mikhail Karyukov, and filmed at the Dovzhenko Film Studios in 1959.

It premiered September 12, 1959.

Synopsis[edit]

A Soviet scientific expedition is being prepared as the world's first mission to planet Mars. Their space ship Homeland has been built at a space station, where the expedition awaits the command to start.

An American ship Typhoon experiencing mechanical problems arrives at the same space station, secretly having the same plans for the conquest of the Red Planet. Trying to stay ahead of the Soviets, they start without proper preparation, and soon are again in distress.

The Homeland changes course to save the crew of Typhoon. They succeed, but find that their fuel reserves are now insufficient to get to Mars. So Homeland makes an emergency landing on the asteroid Icarus passing near Mars, on which they are stranded.

After an attempt to send a fuel supply by unmanned rocket fails, another ship Meteor is sent with a cosmonaut on a possibly suicidal mission, to save the stranded cosmonauts.

Cast[edit]

  • Ivan Pereverzev — scientist Eugene Kornev
  • Alexander Shvoryn — engineer Andrey Gordienko
  • Constantine Bartashevich — astronaut Robert Clark
  • Gurgen Tonunts — astronaut Erwin Verst
  • Valentin Chernyak — cosmonaut Gregory Somov
  • Viktor Dobrovolsky — space station chief Vasily Demchenko
  • Alexander (Alla ) Popov — Vera Korneva
  • Taisia Litvinenko — doctor Lena
  • Larisa Borisenko — student Olga
  • Leo Lobov — cameraman Sasha
  • Sergey Filimonov — writer Troyan
  • Maria Samoilov — Clark's mother
  • Mikhail Belousov — ( uncredited )

Crew[edit]

  • Screenwriters — Alexei Sazonov, Evgeniya Pomeschikov
    with the participation of — Mikhael Karyukov
  • Production director - Tatiana Kulchitskaya
  • Artistic director — Timofej Liauchuk
  • Staging directors — Alexander Dovzhenko, Mikhael Karyukov
  • Director of photography — Nikolai Kulchitskii
  • Art director — Yuri Shvets
  • Composer — Julij Meitus
  • Sound engineer — Georgij Parahnikov
  • Director — Valery Fokin
  • Mounting — L. Mkhitaryants
  • Costume — G. Glinkova
  • Makeup artist — E. Odinovich
  • Special Effects Cinematographers — Franz Semyannikov, N. Ilyushin
  • Artists — Yuri Shvets, G. Loukashov
  • Consultant — corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences — Abnir Yakovkin
  • Designer — Alexander Borin [1]
  • Editors — Renata Korol, A. Pereguda
  • USSR State Orchestra
    Conductor — Benjamin Tolba
  • Экспериментальный ансамбль электромузыкальных инструментов
    (Experimental Electronic Music Ensemble)
    Director — Vyacheslav Meshcherin[2]

U.S. re-edits[edit]

In 1962, Roger Corman and the young Francis Ford Coppola produced an English-language re-edit of the film for U.S. release, entitled Battle Beyond the Sun. They removed the US/Soviet conflict, blotted out all the Russian writing, replaced scenes showing models and paintings of Soviet spacecraft with scenes showing NASA ones, replaced the names of all the actors with the names of the people who did the overdubbing, and inserted scenes with monsters. In all, the edit is 13 minutes shorter than the original.[3] The film was distributed by American International Pictures.[4]

Some space scenes from Nebo Zovyot also appear in Corman's 1965 film Voyage to the Prehistoric Planet. (Most of the scenes in that film are taken from another Soviet science-fiction film, Planeta Bur).

Related facts[edit]

Nebo Zovyot was released two years after the launch of the first artificial satellite Sputnik 1 and two years before the first manned flight into space by Yuri Gagarin.

Stanley Kubrik's 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey used drawings and graphics solutions from Nebo Zovyot created by the fiction artist Yuri Shvets.[4]

Nebo Zovyot was re-released in Germany as Der Himmel ruft on June 15, 2009. Furthermore, the film was officially translated into Hungarian and Italian.[5]

In the film the fictional Soviet spaceship Rodina (Russian: Родина, Motherland) landed vertically on floating landing platform in Yalta harbour, similar to SpaceX CRS-8 landing on April 8, 2016.[6]

References[edit]

External links[edit]