Nebula (company)

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Nebula Inc
Company typePrivate
IndustryCloud Computing
FoundedMenlo Park, California, United States (March 25, 2011 (2011-03-25))
FounderChris C. Kemp, Devin Carlen, Steve O'Hara
Defunct(April 1, 2015 (2015-04-01))

Nebula, Inc. was a hardware and software company with offices in Mountain View, California, and Seattle, Washington, USA. Nebula developed Nebula One, a cloud computing hardware appliance that turned racks of standard servers into a private cloud. The Nebula One private cloud system was built on the OpenStack open source cloud framework, as well as many other open source software projects.


Nebula was founded as Fourth Paradigm Development in March 2011 by former NASA Ames Research Center chief technology officer Chris C. Kemp, long-time colleague Devin Carlen, entrepreneur Steve O'Hara, with software engineer Tres Henry, formerly at Amazon Web Services and author of the AWS Console, named as the head of User Experience.[1]

In May 2011, Nebula closed a round of series A investment led by Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers and Highland Capital Partners, with participation from Google's first three investors—Andy Bechtolsheim, Ram Shriram, and David Cheriton, as well as other investors.[2]

In the summer of 2012, eight members of the original Anso Labs (acquired by Rackspace) and NASA team that originally wrote components of the OpenStack project joined Nebula.[3]

In the fall of 2012, Nebula closed a $25 million series B investment led by Comcast Ventures and Highland Capital, and Google executive Eric Schmidt’s venture fund Innovation Endeavors became an investor.[4]

In February 2013, Silicon India named Kemp as one of ten pioneers in cloud computing.[5] In March 2013, Nebula was named one of 10 Hot Cloud Companies to Watch.[6] Nebula One, was made generally available on April 2, 2013.[7]

On April 1, 2015 the company announced on its website and confirmed on Twitter that it was ceasing operations.[8][9]


  1. ^ Weinberger, Matthew. "Nebula: Who We Are and How We Came to Be". Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  2. ^ Morgan, Timothy Prickett (July 27, 2011). "NASA's former CTO launches Nebula cloud controller". The Register. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
  3. ^ Darrow, Barb (23 July 2012). "OpenStack developers leave Rackspace for Nebula". GigaOM. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  4. ^ Rao, Leena (4 September 2012). "Nebula Raises $25M From Comcast, Kleiner Perkins To Help Companies Deploy On-Premises, Private Clouds". TechCrunch. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  5. ^ "10 Pioneers Of Cloud Computing". Silicon India. February 17, 2013. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
  6. ^ Vance, Jeff (4 March 2013). "10 Hot Cloud Startups to Watch". Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  7. ^ Williams, Alex (2 April 2013). "Nearly Two Years Later, Nebula Launches A Mainframe Style "Cloud Computer" Built On OpenStack". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
  8. ^ Ben Kepes (April 1, 2015). "OpenStack Carnage--Nebula Shuts Down". Forbes. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
  9. ^ "OpenStack hardware startup Nebula shuts down". Venture Beat. April 1, 2015. Retrieved September 4, 2016.

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