Eric Schmidt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Eric Schmidt
Eric Schmidt at the 37th G8 Summit in Deauville 037.jpg
Eric Emerson Schmidt

(1955-04-27) April 27, 1955 (age 66)
CitizenshipUSA, Cyprus
EducationUniversity of California, Berkeley
Princeton University
Years active1983–present
EmployerSchmidt Futures
TitleCo-founder of Schmidt Futures[1]
Political partyDemocratic
(m. 1980)

Eric Emerson Schmidt (born April 27, 1955) is an American businessman and software engineer.

He is known for being the CEO of Google from 2001 to 2011, executive chairman of Google from 2011 to 2015,[3] executive chairman of Alphabet Inc.[4][5][6] from 2015 to 2017,[3] and Technical Advisor at Alphabet from 2017 to 2020.[7]

As an intern at Bell Labs, Schmidt in 1975 was co-author of Lex,[8][9][10] a software program to generate lexical analysers for the Unix computer operating system. From 1997 to 2001, he was chief executive officer (CEO) of Novell.[11] He has served on various other boards in academia and industry, including the Boards of Trustees for Carnegie Mellon University,[12] Apple,[13] Princeton University,[14] and Mayo Clinic.[15]

As of October 2021, Bloomberg Billionaires Index ranked Schmidt as the 55th-richest person in the world, with an estimated net worth of $26.8 billion.[2]

Early life[edit]

Schmidt was born in Falls Church, Virginia, and grew up in Falls Church and Blacksburg, Virginia.[6][16] He is one of three sons of Eleanor, who had a master's degree in psychology, and Wilson Emerson Schmidt, a professor of international economics at Virginia Tech and Johns Hopkins University, who worked at the U.S. Treasury Department during the Nixon Administration.[6][16] Schmidt spent part of his childhood in Italy as a result of his father's work and has stated that it had changed his outlook.[17]

Schmidt graduated from Yorktown High School in the Yorktown neighborhood of Arlington County, Virginia, in 1972, after earning eight varsity letter awards in long-distance running.[18][19] He attended Princeton University, starting as an architecture major and switching to electrical engineering, earning a Bachelor of Science in Engineering degree in 1976.[20][21]

From 1976 to 1980, Schmidt resided at the International House Berkeley, where he met his future wife, Wendy Boyle.

In 1979, at the University of California, Berkeley, Schmidt earned an M.S. degree for designing and implementing a network (Berknet) linking the campus computer center with the CS and EECS departments.[22] There, he also earned a PhD degree in 1982 in EECS, with a dissertation about the problems of managing distributed software development and tools for solving these problems.[23]


Early career[edit]

Early in his career, Schmidt held a series of technical positions with IT companies including Byzromotti Design, Bell Labs (in research and development),[16] Zilog, and Palo Alto Research Center (PARC).

During his summers at Bell Labs, he and Mike Lesk wrote Lex,[20][8] a program used in compiler construction that generates lexical-analyzers from regular-expression descriptions.

Sun Microsystems[edit]

In 1983, Schmidt joined Sun Microsystems as its first software manager.[16] He rose to become director of software engineering, vice president and general manager of the software products division, vice president of the general systems group, and president of Sun Technology Enterprises.[24]

During his time at Sun, he was the target of two notable April Fool's Day pranks.[25][26][27] In the first, his office was taken apart and rebuilt on a platform in the middle of a pond, complete with a working phone and workstation on the corporate Ethernet network. The next year, a working Volkswagen Beetle was taken apart and re-assembled in his office.


In April 1997, Schmidt became the CEO and chairman of the board of Novell. He presided over a period of decline at Novell where its IPX protocol was being replaced by open TCP/IP products, while at the same time Microsoft was shipping free TCP/IP stacks in Windows 95, making Novell much less profitable. In 2001, he departed after the acquisition of Cambridge Technology Partners.[11]


Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin interviewed Schmidt. Impressed by him,[28] they recruited Schmidt to run their company in 2001 under the guidance of venture capitalists John Doerr and Michael Moritz.

In March 2001, Schmidt joined Google's board of directors as chair, and became the company's CEO in August 2001. At Google, Schmidt shared responsibility for Google's daily operations with founders Page and Brin. Prior to the Google initial public offering, Schmidt had responsibilities typically assigned to the CEO of a public company and focused on the management of the vice presidents and the sales organization.[29] According to Google, Schmidt's job responsibilities included "building the corporate infrastructure needed to maintain Google's rapid growth as a company and on ensuring that quality remains high while the product development cycle times are kept to a minimum."[30]

Schmidt as executive chair of Google, speaking with Nik Gowing

Upon being hired at Google, Eric Schmidt was paid a salary of $250,000 and an annual performance bonus. He was granted 14,331,703 shares of Class B common stock at $0.30 per share and 426,892 shares of Series C preferred stock at purchase price of $2.34.[31]

In 2004, Schmidt and the Google founders agreed to a base salary of US$1 (which continued through 2010) with other compensation of $557,465 in 2006,[32] $508,763 in 2008, and $243,661 in 2009. He did not receive any additional stock or options in 2009 or 2010.[33][34] Most of his compensation was for "personal security" and charters of private aircraft.[34]

In 2007, PC World ranked Schmidt as the first on its list of the 50 most important people on the Web, along with Google co-founders Page and Brin.[35]

Schmidt is one of a few people[who?] who became billionaires (in United States dollars) based on stock options received as employees in corporations of which they were neither the founders nor relatives of the founders, such as Meg Whitman.[36][failed verification]

In its 2011 'World's Billionaires' list, Forbes ranked Schmidt as the 136th-richest person in the world, with an estimated wealth of $7 billion.[37]

On January 20, 2011, Google announced that Schmidt would step down as the CEO of Google but would take new title as executive chairman of the company and act as an adviser to co-founders Page and Brin.[38] Google gave him a $100 million equity award in 2011 when he stepped down as CEO.[39] On April 4, 2011, Page replaced Schmidt as the CEO.[40]

On December 21, 2017, Schmidt announced he would be stepping down as the executive chairman of Alphabet.[41][42] Schmidt stated that "Larry, Sergey, Sundar and I all believe that the time is right in Alphabet's evolution for this transition."[43]

In February 2020, Schmidt left his post as technical advisor of Alphabet after 19 years with the company.[44]

Department of Defense[edit]

In March 2016 it was announced that Eric Schmidt would chair a new advisory board for the Department of Defense,[45] titled the Defense Innovation Advisory Board.[46] The advisory board serves as a forum connecting mainstays in the technology sector with those in the Pentagon.[47]

To avoid potential conflicts of interest within the role, where Schmidt retained his role as technical adviser to Alphabet, and where Google's bidding for the multi-million dollar Pentagon cloud contract, the Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure, or JEDI, was ongoing: Schmidt screened emails and other communications, stating, "“There’s a rule: I’m not allowed to be briefed” about Google or Alphabet business as it relates to the Defense Department".[48] He exited the position November 2020.[49]

From 2019[50] to 2021, Schmidt chaired the National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence with Robert O. Work.[51][52][53]

Role in illegal non-recruiting agreements[edit]

While working at Google, Schmidt was involved in activities[54] that later became the subject of the High-Tech Employee Antitrust Litigation case that resulted in a settlement of $415 million paid by Adobe, Apple, Google and Intel to employees. In one incident, after receiving a complaint from Steve Jobs of Apple, Schmidt sent an email to Google's HR department saying; "I believe we have a policy of no recruiting from Apple and this is a direct inbound request. Can you get this stopped and let me know why this is happening? I will need to send a response back to Apple quickly so please let me know as soon as you can. Thanks Eric".[55] Schmidt's email led to a recruiter for Google being "terminated within the hour" for not having adhered to the illegal scheme. Under Schmidt, there was a "Do Not Call list" of companies Google would avoid recruiting from.[56] According to a court filing, another email exchange shows Google's human resources director asking Schmidt about sharing its no-cold-call agreements with competitors. Schmidt responded that he preferred it be shared "verbally, since I don't want to create a paper trail over which we can be sued later?"[54][57]


On August 28, 2006, Schmidt was elected to Apple Inc.'s board of directors, a position he held until August 2009.[13][58]

Other ventures[edit]

Schmidt sat on the boards of trustees of Carnegie Mellon University and Princeton University.[12][14] He taught at Stanford Graduate School of Business in the 2000s.[59][60] Schmidt serves on the boards of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, the Khan Academy, and The Economist.[61][62]

New America is a non-profit public-policy institute and think tank, founded in 1999. Schmidt succeeded founding chairman James Fallows in 2008 and served as chairman until 2016.[63][64]

Founded in 2010 by Schmidt and Dror Berman, Innovation Endeavors is an early-stage venture capital. The fund, based in Palo Alto, California, invested companies such as Mashape, Uber, Quixey, Gogobot, BillGuard, and Formlabs.[65][66]

In July 2020, Schmidt started working with the US government to create a tech college as part of an initiative to educate future coders, cyber-security experts and scientists.[67]

In August 2020, Schmidt launched the podcast Reimagine with Eric Schmidt.[68] [69]

Eric Schmidt and Ash Carter meet about Innovation Advisory Board for the DoD

Political contributions[edit]

Schmidt was an informal advisor and major donor to Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign, and began campaigning the week of October 19, 2008, on behalf of the candidate.[70] He was mentioned as a possible candidate for the Chief Technology Officer position, which Obama created in his administration,[71] and Obama considered him for Commerce Secretary.[72] After Obama won in 2008, Schmidt became a member of President Obama's transition advisory board and then a member of the United States President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST).[73] Schmidt has served on Google's government relations team.

Schmidt has proposed that the easiest way to solve all of the domestic problems of the United States at once is by a stimulus program that rewards renewable energy and, over time, attempts to replace fossil fuels with renewable energy.[74]

Secretary of Defense Ash Carter appointed Schmidt as chairman of the DoD Innovation Advisory Board announced March 2, 2016. It will be modeled like the Defense Business Board and will facilitate the Pentagon at becoming more innovative and adaptive.[75]

Schmidt is an investor in The Groundwork, a start-up company associated with Hillary Clinton's 2016 presidential campaign.[76][77] For example, it charged the campaign $177,000 in the second quarter of 2015.[76] By May 2016, the campaign had spent $500,000 on it.[77]

Schmidt is an investor in Timshel, another start up company associated with Hillary Clinton's 2016 presidential campaign.[78] Timshel is the parent company of The Groundwork.[78]


Schmidt Family Foundation[edit]

The Schmidt Family Foundation was established in 2006 by Wendy Schmidt and Eric Schmidt to address issues of sustainability and the responsible use of natural resources.[79]

Schmidt and his wife established the Eric & Wendy Schmidt Data Science for Social Good Fellowship, a University of Chicago summer school program for aspiring data scientists.

The Schmidt Family Foundation's subsidiaries include ReMain Nantucket and the Marine Science and Technology Foundation; its main charitable program is the 11th Hour Project. The foundation has also awarded grants to the Natural Resources Defense Council and the Energy Foundation.[80]

The foundation is the main funder of the Schmidt Ocean Institute, which supports oceanographic research by operating RV Falkor.[81]

The Schmidts, working with Hart Howerton, a San Francisco architectural firm that specializes in large-scale land use, have inaugurated several projects on the island of Nantucket that seek to sustain the unique character of the island and to minimize the impact of seasonal visitation on the island's core community.

Mrs. Schmidt offered the prize purse of the Wendy Schmidt Oil Cleanup X CHALLENGE, a challenge award for the efficient capturing of crude oil from seawater motivated by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.[82]

The foundation also donated $10 million to the Monterey Bay Aquarium in 2015.[83]

Schmidt Transformative Technology Fund[edit]

In 2009, Eric and Wendy Schmidt endowed the Schmidt Transformative Technology Fund at Princeton University with $25 million. The Fund's purpose is to support cutting-edge research and technology in the natural sciences and engineering, encouraging collaboration across disciplines.[84][85][86][87] It awarded $1.2 million in grants in 2010 and $1.7 million in grants in 2012.[88][89]

Schmidt Science Fellows[edit]

Created in partnership with the Rhodes Trust, the Schmidt Science Fellows program is part of a $100 million commitment to drive scientific leadership and interdisciplinary research.[90] The program features a Global Meeting Series including exclusive sessions at world-leading institutions including Oxford, Cambridge, MIT, and Harvard. Fellows receive a stipend to participate in postdoctoral study which differs from their existing expertise.


An initiative of Schmidt Futures and the Rhodes Trust, which aims to increase the opportunity for exceptional young people worldwide to serve others throughout their lives. The program, which will find and elevate young people between the ages of 15 and 17 from around the world, will be designed to encourage a lifetime of service and learning by providing support that could include scholarships, career services, and funding opportunities[91]

Public positions[edit]

Tax avoidance[edit]

Schmidt has claimed that Google's use of artificial distinctions to avoid paying billions of pounds in corporation tax otherwise owed by its UK operations[92] is "capitalism"[93] and that he was "very proud of it".[94]

On May 16, 2013 Margaret Hodge MP, the chair of the United Kingdom Public Accounts Committee accused Google of being "calculated and unethical" over its use of artificial distinctions to avoid paying billions of pounds in corporation tax owed by its UK operations.[92] Google was accused by the committee, which represents the interests of all UK taxpayers, of being "evil" for not paying its "fair amount of tax".[95]

In 2015, the UK Government introduced a new law intended to penalise Google and other large multinational corporations' artificial tax avoidance.[96] Google is accused of avoiding paying tens of billions of dollars of tax through a convoluted scheme of inter-company licensing agreements and transfers to tax havens.[97] Schmidt was also criticised for his inaccurate use of the term 'capitalism' to describe billions of dollars being transferred into tax havens where no economic activity was actually taking place.[95]

Schmidt with Google founders


Publicly Schmidt stated that, as paraphrased by CNN/Money, "there has to be a trade-off between privacy concerns and functionality."[98] His explanations referenced "Don't Be Evil".[98]

During an interview aired on December 3, 2009, on the CNBC documentary "Inside the Mind of Google," Schmidt was asked, "People are treating Google like their most trusted friend. Should they be?" He replied: "I think judgment matters. If you have something that you don't want anyone to know, maybe you shouldn't be doing it in the first place. But if you really need that kind of privacy, the reality is that search engines, including Google, do retain this information for some time. And it's important, for example, that we are all subject in the United States to the Patriot Act. It is possible that information could be made available to the authorities."[99][100]

At the Techonomy conference on August 4, 2010, Schmidt expressed that technology is good. And he said that the only way to manage the challenges is "much greater transparency and no anonymity." Schmidt also stated that in an era of asymmetric threats, "true anonymity is too dangerous."[101] However, at the 2013 Hay Festival, Schmidt expressed concern that sharing of personal information was too rampant and could have a negative effect, particularly on teenagers, stating that "we have never had a generation with a full photographic, digital record of what they did", declaring that "We have a point at which we [Google] forget information we know about you because it is the right thing to do. There are situations in life that it's better that they don't exist."[102]

In 2013, Schmidt stated that the government surveillance in the United States was the "nature of our society" and that he was not going to "pass judgment on that".[103] However, on the revelation that the NSA has been secretly spying on Google's data centers worldwide, he called the practice "outrageous" and criticized the NSA's collection of Americans phone records.[104]

In 2005, Google blacklisted CNET reporters from talking to Google employees for one year, until July 2006, after CNET published personal information on Schmidt, including his political donations, hobbies, salary, and neighborhood, that had been obtained through Google searches.[98]

Network neutrality[edit]

Schmidt during the Munich Security Conference 2018

In August 2010, Schmidt clarified his company's views on network neutrality: "I want to be clear what we mean by Net neutrality: What we mean is if you have one data type like video, you don't discriminate against one person's video in favor of another. But it's okay to discriminate across different types. So you could prioritize voice over video. And there is general agreement with Verizon and Google on that issue."[105]

Influence of Internet usage in North Korea[edit]

In January 2013, Schmidt and Jared Cohen, director of Google Ideas visited North Korea along with former New Mexico governor Bill Richardson.[106] The trip was highly publicized and controversial due to the ongoing tension between North Korea and the United States.[107] On August 10, 2013, North Korea announced an indigenous smartphone, named Arirang, that may be using the Google Android operating system.[108]

Advocating open Internet use in Myanmar[edit]

In March 2013, Schmidt visited Myanmar, which had been ruled by a military junta for decades and is transitioning to a democracy. During his visit, Schmidt spoke in favor of free and open Internet use in the country, and was scheduled to meet with the country's president.[109][110][111]

Technology and Society[edit]

In January 2015, Schmidt and Jared Cohen, director of Google Ideas, met with Pope Francis to discuss technology and society. This was the first meeting between the Pope and a technology leader, which was subsequently followed by other tech leaders visiting the Vatican.[112][113][114][115][116]

Authored books and publications[edit]

The New Digital Age[edit]

In 2013, Schmidt and Jared Cohen, director of the Google Ideas think tank, published The New Digital Age: Reshaping the Future of People, Nations and Business, which discusses the geopolitical implications of increasingly widespread Internet use and access to information. The book was inspired by an essay in Foreign Affairs magazine the two co-wrote in 2010.[117][118][119] He also wrote the preface to The Startup Game: Inside the Partnership between Venture Capitalists and Entrepreneurs, by William H. Draper, III.[120]

How Google Works[edit]

In 2014, Schmidt co-authored the New York Times best-selling book How Google Works[121] with Jonathan Rosenberg, former Senior Vice President of Products at Google and current advisor to Google CEO Larry Page, and Alan Eagle.[122] The book is a collection of the business management lessons learned over the course of Schmidt and Rosenberg's time leading Google.[123] In his book, Eric Schmidt argues that successful companies in the technology-driven internet age should attract smart and creative employees and create an environment where they can thrive. He argues that the traditional business rules that make a company successful have changed; companies should maximize freedom and speed, and decision-making should not lie in the hands of the few. Schmidt also emphasizes that individuals and small teams can have a massive impact on innovation.[124]

Schmidt's Law[edit]

Dating back to early 1990s and dubbed "Schmidt's Law" by George Gilder when Schmidt predicted that the network will become the computer.[125][126][127] Schmidt's Law states: "When the network becomes as fast as the backplane of your computer, the computer hollows out, its components dispersing across the Web, its value migrating to search and sort functions."[128]

Social networking services[edit]

In October 2020, Schmidt stated that social networking services are "amplifiers for idiots and crazy people" and that this was not what the Big Tech firms intended when creating them.[129][130]

Other work[edit]

Art collection[edit]

Schmidt was on the list of ARTnews's 200 top art collectors in 2008.[131] Schmidt denied that he was an art collector, despite his involvement in art, in 2019.[132]

Bilderberg Group[edit]

He is a member of the Bilderberg Group and has attended the annual Bilderberg conferences every year since 2007 (except for 2009).[133][134][135][136] He also has a listed membership with the Trilateral Commission.[137] He is a member of the International Advisory Board at the Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford.[138]

Berggruen Institute[edit]

Schmidt is an active member of the Berggruen Institute's 21st Century Council, and its board of directors.[139][140]


In 2014, he had a cameo appearance in the film Dumb and Dumber To, starring Jim Carrey and Jeff Daniels. He also had a cameo appearance in the HBO show Silicon Valley.[141]

Personal life[edit]

In June 1980, Schmidt married Wendy Susan Boyle (born 1955 in Short Hills, New Jersey). They lived in Atherton, California, in the 1990s.[142] They have a daughter, Sophie,[16][143] and had another, Alison, who died in 2017 from an illness.[144] The two separated in 2011; a number of Schmidt's outside relationships have attracted publicity, but he continues philanthropic efforts in the name of him and his wife.[16][145][146][147][148][149]

In January 2013, Schmidt visited North Korea with his daughter Sophie,[150] Jared Cohen, and former New Mexico governor Bill Richardson.[151][152]

In 2015, Schmidt acquired a 20% stake in D.E. Shaw & Co.[153] Schmidt is also an investor in CargoMetrics, another quant hedge fund.[154]

In April 2015, Schmidt delivered the commencement address at Virginia Tech, located in Schmidt's childhood home of Blacksburg, Virginia.[155] This came on the heels of Schmidt making a $2 million donation to Virginia Tech's College of Engineering. Schmidt's philanthropy is the result of his longstanding friendship with Virginia Tech's former president Paul Torgersen. His donation funded the Paul and Dorothea Torgersen Dean's Chair in Engineering.[156]

In September 2020, Schmidt purchased Montecito Mansion, a 22,000-square-foot estate overlooking Santa Barbara, for $30.8 million.[157]

In November 2020, Recode reported that Schmidt is finalizing his plan to become a citizen of the island nation of Cyprus. He is one of the highest-profile or famous people to take advantage of the controversial immigrant investor programs that offers 'passport-for-sale'. This passport can be used to enter any country in the European Union.[158]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Schmidt Futures > Our Method > Our People".
  2. ^ a b "Bloomberg Billionaires Index: Eric Scmidt". Bloomberg. October 5, 2021. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Eric Schmidt is stepping down as the executive chairman of Alphabet". December 21, 2017.
  4. ^ "Google Biography for Dr. Eric Schmidt". Retrieved July 18, 2016.
  5. ^ "Google's Eric Schmidt Talks About How to Run the World (Not That He Wants To)". Los Angeles Times. June 9, 2008. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
  6. ^ a b c Corona Brezina (July 15, 2012). Sergey Brin, Larry Page, Eric Schmidt, and Google. ISBN 9781448869244. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
  7. ^ "Eric Schmidt, who led Google's transformation into a tech giant, has left the company".
  8. ^ a b Lesk, M.E.; Schmidt, E. "Lex – A Lexical Analyzer Generator". Retrieved August 16, 2010.
  9. ^ Lesk, M.E.; Schmidt, E. (July 21, 1975). "Lex – A Lexical Analyzer Generator" (PDF). UNIX TIME-SHARING SYSTEM:UNIX PROGRAMMER’S MANUAL, Seventh Edition, Volume 2B. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
  10. ^ Lesk, M.E. (October 1975). "Lex – A Lexical Analyzer Generator". Comp. Sci. Tech. Rep. No. 39. Murray Hill, New Jersey: Bell Laboratories.
  11. ^ a b "Novell's Schmidt Joins Google at Critical Time". CNET. January 2, 2002. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  12. ^ a b "Google VP Named CMU Dean". Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  13. ^ a b "Dr. Eric Schmidt Resigns from Apple's Board of Directors". Press release. Apple Inc. August 3, 2009. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Princeton University Board of Trustees". Retrieved September 27, 2012.
  15. ^ "Mayo Clinic Board of Trustees". Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  16. ^ a b c d e f Tim Walker (December 14, 2012). "Is The Executive Chairman of Google Really the Arrogant Defender of Tax Avoidance that His Critics Claim?". The Independent. London. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
  17. ^ Center, Mercatus (November 7, 2018). "Eric Schmidt on the Life-Changing Magic of Systematizing, Scaling, and Saying Thanks (Ep. 53-Live)". Medium. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  18. ^ McCaffrey, Scott (May 15, 2008). "New Inductees Named to Yorktown Hall of Fame". Sun Gazette.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ "HOF – Eric Schmidt". Archived from the original on November 21, 2008. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  20. ^ a b Ken Auletta (November 3, 2009). Googled: The End of the World As We Know It. ISBN 9781101151402. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
  21. ^ Wolff, Josephine (February 6, 2007). "University Library joins Google Book Search". The Daily Princetonian. Archived from the original on May 18, 2008. Retrieved May 28, 2008.
  22. ^ Eric Schmidt (1979). "The Berkeley Network – A Retrospective" (PDF). Computer Science Division, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California, Berkeley. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 28, 2008. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
  23. ^ Schmidt, Eric (1982). Controlling Large Software Development in a Distributed Environment (PhD thesis). University of California, Berkeley.
  24. ^ "Dr. Eric Schmidt Appointed Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Novell, Inc". News release. Sun Microsystems. March 18, 1998. Archived from the original on May 22, 2008. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
  25. ^ "Eric Schmidt April Fool Cars 1986 & 2008". News. May 16, 2008 – via YouTube.
  26. ^ "April Fools Prank on Eric Schmidt from 1986". News. July 22, 2008 – via YouTube.
  27. ^ "Eric Schmidt April Fools Prank – MrRedusers". News. March 3, 2010 – via YouTube.
  28. ^ "CEO Eric Eric Schmidt stood out because he 'was the only candidate who had been to Burning Man.'" From "Markoff and Zachary on Google"Archived July 5, 2004, at the Wayback Machine; quoted are John Markoff and Gregg Zachary. See also Business Week's "Eric Eric Schmidt, Google" Archived December 7, 2006, at the Wayback Machine from September 29, 2003: "One of the first orders of business was joining his new 20-something colleagues at Burning Man, a free-form festival of artistic self-expression held in a Nevada desert lake bed. Sitting in his office shortly after his return, tanned and slightly weary, Eric Schmidt couldn't have been happier. "They're keeping me young," he declared."
  29. ^ "Google Form S-1 Registration Statement". EDGAR. August 18, 2004. p. 29.
  30. ^ "Google Management: Eric Schmidt, Executive". Google Inc. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
  31. ^ Ken Auletta (2011). Googled: The End of the World as We Know It. Virgin Books. ISBN 978-0-7535-2243-1.
  32. ^ "Google Inc. Definitive Proxy Statement". Schedule 14A. United States Securities and Exchange Commission. April 6, 2007. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
  33. ^ "Google Inc. Definitive Proxy Statement". Schedule 14A. United States Securities and Exchange Commission. March 29, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
  34. ^ a b "Google Inc. Definitive Proxy Statement". Schedule 14A. United States Securities and Exchange Commission. April 20, 2011. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
  35. ^ Null, Christopher. "The 50 Most Important People on the Web ". PC World. March 5, 2007. Retrieved March 5, 2007. Archived March 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  36. ^ "Earlier this year, he pulled in almost US$90 million from sales of Google stock and made at least another $50 million selling shares in the past two months as the stock leaped to more than $300 a share." Mills, Elinor (August 3, 2005). "Google balances privacy, reach". CNET. Archived from the original on 2005. Retrieved November 15, 2006.
  37. ^ "Eric Schmidt". Forbes. December 1, 2011. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
  38. ^ "Eric Schmidt | Biography & Facts". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  39. ^ Baldwin, Clare (January 23, 2011). "Google to give outgoing CEO Schmidt US$100 million". Reuters.
  40. ^ "Larry Page is officially Google CEO again". Silicon Valley / San Jose Business. April 4, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
  41. ^ Weinberger, Matt (December 21, 2017). "Eric Schmidt is stepping down as executive chairman of Alphabet, Google's parent company". Business Insider. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  42. ^ Alphabet's Eric Schmidt to step down as executive chairman, Reuters, via, December 21, 2017.
  43. ^ Heater, Brian (December 21, 2017). "Eric Schmidt stepping down as Alphabet's executive chairman to become a 'technical advisor'". TechCrunch. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  44. ^ Nieva, Richard. "Eric Schmidt, who led Google's transformation into a tech giant, has left the company". CNET. Retrieved May 15, 2020.
  45. ^ Lecher, Colin (March 2, 2016). "Eric Schmidt will chair a Defense Department advisory board". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  46. ^ "The Defense Innovation Board Holds Quarterly Public Meeting at Silicon Valley". Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  47. ^ Mehta, Aaron (August 8, 2017). "Google Executive Schmidt To Head New DoD Advisory Board". Defense News. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  48. ^ "Eric Schmidt Didn't Know That Google Was Working the Pentagon's AI Project". Defense One. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  49. ^ "Schmidt departs as chairman of Defense Innovation Board". Inside Defense. November 11, 2020. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  50. ^ "National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence Initial Report" (PDF). National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence. July 31, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
  51. ^ Shead, Sam (March 2, 2021). "U.S. is 'not prepared to defend or compete in the A.I. era,' says expert group chaired by Eric Schmidt". CNBC. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  52. ^ Shead, Sam (March 2, 2021). "U.S. is 'not prepared to defend or compete in the A.I. era,' says expert group chaired by Eric Schmidt". CNBC. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
  53. ^ "AI commission sees 'extraordinary' support to stand up tech-focused service academy". Federal News Network. March 2, 2021. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
  54. ^ a b "Apple, Google agree to settle lawsuit alleging hiring conspiracy". Chicago Tribune. April 24, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  55. ^ Whitney, Lance (September 3, 2015). "Apple, Google, others settle antipoaching lawsuit for $415 million". CNET. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  56. ^ Ames, Mark (March 25, 2014). "Newly unsealed documents show Steve Jobs' brutal response after getting a Google employee fired". PandoDaily.
  57. ^ Edwards, Jim (January 24, 2014). "Emails Show Apple's Steve Jobs And Google's Eric Schmidt Allegedly Conspired To Screw Over Employees". Business Insider. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  58. ^ "Google CEO Dr. Eric Schmidt Joins Apple's Board of Directors". Press release. Apple Inc. August 29, 2006. Archived from the original on June 23, 2011. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
  59. ^ Brown, Joe. "High Flier". California Magazine. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  60. ^ unknown, Sam (February 7, 2008). "Google CEO Named Chairman of Washington Think Tank". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  61. ^ Riley, Charles (March 22, 2013). "Google's Eric Schmidt makes rare visit to Myanmar". CNN. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  62. ^ Kinetz, Erika (March 22, 2013). "Eric Schmidt Urges Myanmar To Embrace Free Speech". Associated Press. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  63. ^ New America Foundation, Board of Directors Archived December 21, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved May 11, 2010
  64. ^ Vogel, Kenneth (August 30, 2017). "Google Critic Ousted From Think Tank Funded by the Tech Giant". The New York Times.
  65. ^ Eric Schmidt's Newest VC Fund. Business Week (July 28, 2011). Retrieved September 27, 2012.
  66. ^ "Companies". Innovation Endeavors website. Archived from the original on September 24, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  67. ^ Conklin, Audrey (July 22, 2020). "Former Google CEO leads federal tech college initiative". FOXBusiness. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  68. ^ "Former Google CEO on why he launched 'Reimagine with Eric Schmidt' podcast". CNBC. August 25, 2020. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  69. ^ "Reimagine with Eric Schmidt". Compass Media Networks. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
  70. ^ Langley, Monica; Jessica E. Vascellaro (October 20, 2008). "Google CEO Backs Obama". The Wall Street Journal.
  71. ^ Mary Anne Ostrom (October 21, 2008). "Google CEO Eric Schmidt to stump for Obama". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
  72. ^ Carney, Timothy (April 2, 2011) Google not proud of its politicking[permanent dead link], The Washington Examiner
  73. ^ Membership list of PCAST Archived January 21, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. White House. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
  74. ^ "Gore/Alliance for Climate Protection: All-In for Plug-Ins". Retrieved March 21, 2010.
  75. ^ "Pentagon to Establish Defense Innovation Advisory Board".
  76. ^ a b Fernholz, Tim; Pasick, Adam (October 9, 2015). "The stealthy, Eric Schmidt-backed startup that's working to put Hillary Clinton in the White House". Quartz. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  77. ^ a b Higgins, Tim (May 19, 2016). "How an Eric Schmidt-Backed Startup May Help Clinton Get Elected". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  78. ^ a b Fernholz, Tim. "Hacked emails show Eric Schmidt played a crucial role in Team Hillary's election tech". Quartz. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
  79. ^ "About Us". Retrieved January 22, 2012.
  80. ^ "11th Hour Project Grantees". 11th Hour Project website. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  81. ^ Kerry A. Dolan (August 1, 2013). "Google Chairman Eric Schmidt's Falkor, A Dream Ship For Ocean Researchers, Makes San Francisco Debut". Forbes. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  82. ^ "Winning Teams Announced in the $1.4 Million Wendy Schmidt Oil Cleanup X CHALLENGE". Yahoo! Finance. October 11, 2011.
  83. ^ Hoppin, Jason (February 20, 2015). "Google's Eric Schmidt and Wife Give $10m to Monterey Bay Aquarium's Seafood Watch". Retrieved May 16, 2017.
  84. ^ "Eric and Wendy Schmidt Transformative Technology Fund". Princeton University website. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  85. ^ "Schmidt Fund to advance science through support for transformative technology". Princeton University website. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  86. ^ Bosker, Bianca (October 14, 2009). "Eric Schmidt: Princeton Receives $25M From Google CEO For Tech Fund". HuffPost. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  87. ^ "Google Boss Pledges $25-Million for Princeton Tech Fund". The Chronicle of Philanthropy. October 14, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  88. ^ Parker, Hilary. "Inaugural Schmidt Fund awards enable innovative explorations in sensors and electronics". Princeton University news archive. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  89. ^ Zandonella, Catherine. "Schmidt Fund awards support transformative technologies". Princeton University news archive. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  90. ^ "Eric and Wendy Schmidt announce first class of Schmidt Science Fellows – Schmidt Science Fellows". Schmidt Science Fellows. April 23, 2018. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
  91. ^ De Lea, Brittany (November 13, 2019). "Fomer Google CEO Eric Schmidt donating $1B to philanthropic causes". Fox Business.
  92. ^ a b Bowers, Simon; Syal, Rajeev (May 16, 2013). "MP on Google tax avoidance scheme: 'I think that you do evil'". The Guardian.
  93. ^ Staff, Telegraph (December 12, 2012). "Google's tax avoidance is called 'capitalism', says chairman Eric Schmidt".
  94. ^ "Google boss: I'm very proud of our tax avoidance scheme". December 13, 2012.
  95. ^ a b Hoggart, Simon (November 12, 2012). "A highly taxing session for the men from Amazon, Google and Starbucks". The Guardian.
  96. ^ "Budget 2015: 'Google Tax' introduction confirmed". March 18, 2015.
  97. ^ "The biggest threat to democracy comes from companies like Google".
  98. ^ a b c Westhoven, Jennifer. "CNET: We've been blackballed by Google." (Archive) CNN Money. August 5, 2005. Retrieved September 16, 2013. "Schmidt is officially Google's chief champion and defender, and has publicly said that there has to be a trade-off between privacy concerns and functionality. He has brought up Google's corporate motto, "Don't Be Evil" in those defenses. "
  99. ^ "Google CEO Eric Schmidt on privacy". December 8, 2009. Retrieved March 21, 2010 – via YouTube.
  100. ^ "Media – Facebook must be weary of changing the rules". Financial Times. December 11, 2009. Retrieved March 21, 2010.
  101. ^ "Google's Eric Schmidt: Society not ready for technology". CNET. August 4, 2010. Retrieved August 7, 2010.
  102. ^ Furness, Hannah. (May 25, 2013) [1]. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
  103. ^ Holpuch, Amanda. "Google's Eric Schmidt says government spying is 'the nature of our society'." The Guardian. Friday September 13, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  104. ^ Franceschi-Bicchierai, Lorenzo. "Google's Schmidt: NSA Spying on Data Centers Is 'Outrageous'". Mashable. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  105. ^ Goldman, David (August 5, 2010). "Why Google and Verizon's Net neutrality deal affects you". CNNMoney. CNN. Retrieved August 6, 2010.
  106. ^ "Google Execs Say 'The Power of Information Is Underrated'". All Tech Considered. NPR. April 23, 2013. Retrieved August 19, 2013. Google executives Eric Schmidt and Jared Cohen recently returned from a highly publicized trip to North Korea. They discuss the role of the Internet in more repressive countries.
  107. ^ "Schmidt's visit to North Korea revealed limits, benefits of private diplomacy".
  108. ^ Youkyung Lee (August 16, 2013). "Skepticism as NKorea shows home-grown smartphone". AP Newswire. Stars & Stripes. Archived from the original on August 19, 2013. Retrieved August 19, 2013. The Korean Central News Agency's Aug. 10 report said the factory began manufacturing smartphones 'a few days ago' ... Kim Mun-gu, a manager at a South Korean mobile phone company, said the Arirang smartphone appears to be using the Android operating system. He said the photos aren't convincing as proof the North is manufacturing the phones
  109. ^ Hla Tun, Aung (March 22, 2013). "Google's Schmidt tells Myanmar a free Internet can anchor reform". Reuters. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  110. ^ Riley, Charles (March 22, 2013). "Google's Eric Schmidt makes rare visit to Burma". CNN. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  111. ^ Kinetz, Erika (March 22, 2013). "Eric Schmidt Urges Myanmar To Embrace Free Speech". Associated Press. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  112. ^ "Pope Francis meets with Google executive, Eric Schmidt". Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  113. ^ Bowles, Stephanie Kirchgaessner Nellie; Francisco, Danny Yadron in San (January 13, 2016). "Pope Francis to join Google's Eric Schmidt in rare tech industry meeting". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  114. ^ Shead, Sam. "Google's Eric Schmidt is going to meet the Pope". Business Insider. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  115. ^ Alexander, Harriet (January 14, 2016). "Pope Francis 'to meet Google's Eric Schmidt at Vatican'". Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  116. ^ "Pope Francis Is Meeting With Alphabet's Eric Schmidt". Fortune. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  117. ^ Cohen, Jared; Eric Schmidt (December 2010). "The Digital Disruption – Connectivity and the Diffusion of Power". Foreign Affairs (November/December 2010). Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  118. ^ Kaufman, Leslie (December 2, 2012). "Book by 2 From Google Takes a Deep Look at the Web". New York Times Media Decoder blog. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  119. ^ Shankland, Stephen. "Google execs' 'New Digital Age' resists cyber-siren song". CNET. Retrieved October 25, 2013.
  120. ^ "The Startup Game: Inside the Partnership between Venture Capitalists and Entrepreneurs". February 24, 2014.
  121. ^ "Best Sellers". The New York Times. October 28, 2014.
  122. ^ How Google Works. June 27, 2017.
  123. ^ Max Wallis (September 11, 2014). "How Google Works by Eric Schmidt and Jonathan Rosenberg, book review". The Independent.
  124. ^ D'ONFRO, JILLIAN (October 14, 2014). "Former Google CEO: Here's How To Build A $300 Billion Company". Business Insider. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
  125. ^ "The Bandwidth Tidal Wave". Archived from the original on June 25, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2015.
  126. ^ "How Google's Chrome OS has deep roots in Eric Schmidt's past". July 8, 2009.
  127. ^ "The Bandwidth Tidal Wave".
  128. ^ Gilder, George (January 9, 2007). "Ten Laws of the Telecosm Redux".
  129. ^ Hollister, Sean (October 21, 2020). "Eric Schmidt, who bought YouTube for a premium, thinks social networks are "amplifiers for idiots"". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  130. ^ De Vynck, Gerrit (October 21, 2020). "Former Google CEO Calls Social Networks 'Amplifiers for Idiots'". Bloomberg News. Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  131. ^ ARTnews, The ARTnews 200 Top Collectors, 2008. ARTnews. (July 1, 2008). Retrieved September 27, 2012.
  132. ^ Tim Ferriss podcast: Transcript of Interiview with Eric Schmidt. (April 11, 2019). Retrieved April 29, 2019.
  133. ^ "Latest Meetings". Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  134. ^ "Bilderberg Participant Lists". Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  135. ^ Skelton, Charlie, "Bilderberg 2011: The tipping point", The Guardian (UK), June 16, 2011
  136. ^ "Bilderberg 2011 list of participants". Archived from the original on August 28, 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  137. ^ "The Trilateral Commission: Executive Committee" (PDF). Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  138. ^ "Eric Schmidt | Blavatnik School of Government". University of Oxford. Retrieved December 22, 2015.
  139. ^ "Berggruen Institute". Archived from the original on January 6, 2017. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  140. ^ Blankfqld, Keren, "A Man For All Reasons", Forbes, December 12, 2010. "Berggruen plucked from his diverse connections, including such boldface names as former U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, philanthropist Eli Broad and Google Chief Eric Schmidt."
  141. ^ "Eric Schmidt".
  142. ^ "Loose Ends: Presidential performance". Almanac News. October 6, 1999. Retrieved November 10, 2011.
  143. ^ Holson, Laura M. (August 29, 2012). "You Could Google Her". The New York Times. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  144. ^ Townsend, Tess (June 9, 2017). "Eric Schmidt's daughter Alison has passed away". Recode. Retrieved March 29, 2018. type of illness not specified in citation, only that it was an illness
  145. ^ "Married Eric Schmidt dating concert pianist Chau-Giang Nguyen". New York Post. September 3, 2012. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
  146. ^ Amira, Dan (July 2013). "Inside Eric Schimdt's Lavish Sex Palace – Daily Intelligencer". New York Magazine. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
  147. ^ "Still-married ex-Google CEO Eric Schmidt splits from younger gal pal". New York Post. August 26, 2019. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  148. ^ "Eric Schmidt's Love Life Has Seen Many Women: Here Are Some". International Business Times. December 22, 2017. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  149. ^ "Eric and Wendy Schmidt's Youth Talent Competition, Part of $1B Effort, Kicks Off With Unusual App". EdSurge. November 16, 2020. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  150. ^ "Eric Schmidt's daughter details North Korea visit". CNN. January 20, 2013.
  151. ^ Greg Dalton (May 2013). "Eric Schmidt and Jared Cohen at the Commonwealth Club". San Francisco: Climate One. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
  152. ^ Donald Kirk (February 4, 2013). "A quiet envoy to the hermit kingdom of North Korea". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  153. ^ "Eric Schmidt Buys 20% Stake In Quant Hedge Fund DE Shaw". Forbes. April 23, 2015.
  154. ^ Wigglesworth, Robin (June 5, 2016). "Billionaires back new shipping quant fund". Financial Times.
  155. ^ Owczarski, Mrk. "Google Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt to deliver 2015 University Commencement address May 15". Virginia Tech. Retrieved September 14, 2018.
  156. ^ Nystrom, Lynn. "Google's Eric Schmidt makes a lasting gift to Virginia Tech". Virginia Tech. Retrieved September 14, 2018.
  157. ^ Clarke, Katherine (September 8, 2020). "WSJ News Exclusive | Former Google CEO Eric Schmidt Pays $30.8 Million for Montecito Mansion". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  158. ^ Schleifer, Theodore (November 9, 2020). "The former CEO of Google has applied to become a citizen of Cyprus". Recode. Vox Media. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  159. ^ John Battelle (December 1, 2005). "The 70 Percent Solution: Google CEO Eric Schmidt gives us his golden rules for managing innovation". CNN Money magazine. Retrieved August 12, 2011.

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by Chief Executive Officer of Google
Succeeded by
New office Executive Chairman of Alphabet, Inc.
Succeeded by