Negria

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Negria
Large leaf tree mount gower summit lord howe island.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Gesneriaceae
Genus: Negria
F.Muell.
Species:
N. rhabdothamnoides
Binomial name
Negria rhabdothamnoides
F.Muell.
Lord Howe Island.PNG
Negria is endemic to Lord Howe Island

Negria is a plant genus in the family Gesneriaceae. Its only species is Negria rhabdothamnoides, commonly known as the pumpkin tree, which is endemic to Australia's subtropical Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea. It is related to Lenbrassia and Depanthus.[1]

Description[edit]

The pumpkin tree grows to about 8 m in height. It has pale, corky bark and soft, brittle wood. The ovate to broadly elliptic leaves are 70–200 mm long and 45–100 mm wide; they have glossy upper surfaces and are pale and sparsely haired beneath.[2] The flowers are large and orange with small red dots, appearing over summer from October to April. The fruit is a black, beaked capsule 15 mm long which holds numerous tiny, wind-dispersed seeds. The trees are found in the moist mountain forest of Lord Howe from about 500 m above sea level to the highest peaks at nearly 900 m.[3]

See also[edit]

  • Rhabdothamnus; this species has originally labelled in F. Mueller's collections as Rhabdothamnus negriana F.Muell., a name which he did not publish, but listed as a synonym.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Woo, V. L., Funke, M. M., Smith, J. F., Lockhart, P. J., & Garnock-Jones, P. J. (2011). New World origins of southwest Pacific Gesneriaceae: multiple movements across and within the South Pacific. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 172(3), 434-457. http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/658183
  2. ^ Anon (2007). Appendices, Lord Howe Island Biodiversity Management Plan (PDF). Sydney: Department of Environment and Climate Change (NSW). p. 189. ISBN 978 1 74122 598 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-22.
  3. ^ Brown, E.A. "Negria rhabdothamnoides F.Muell". PlantNET: NSW Flora Online. National Herbarium of NSW: Sydney. Retrieved 2013-03-16.
  4. ^ "Gesneriaceae. Negria". Fragmenta phytographiæ Australiæ. 7. 1871. pp. 151–153.