Nepal Police

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Nepal Police
नेपाल प्रहरी
Motto Truth, Service & Security
Agency overview
Formed 1951 A.D. (2007 B.S.)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Legal jurisdiction Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts
Primary governing body Government of Nepal
Secondary governing body Home Ministry
Constituting instrument Police Act 2012
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Naxal, Kathmandu
Agency executive Upendra Kant Aryal, Inspector General of Police (IGP)
Child agency Nepal Police Club
Nepal police on duty at Fulpati 2013 at Kathmandu Durbar Square at Kathmandu

Since policing is a constitutional obligation on the part of the government in Nepal, Nepal Police Organization is the main administrative apparatus in the hands of the government to safeguard people's constitutional rights and to maintain law and order in the country.



Prior to 1864 AD[edit]

The Police institution dates back to the ancient times as does the history and language of the country.[citation needed]

During The Rana Regime (1864-1951 AD)[edit]

During Rana Regime, little was done to institutionalize the Police Organisation, establishing MILISIYA, THANA POLICE CHAUKI, office of POLICE DIRECTOR GENERAL etc. which gradually shaped The Nepal Police to this modern "Nepal Police".[citation needed]

During The Period 1951 till 1990[edit]

Nepal saw the dawn of democracy after the fall of the Rana regime. The Police Headquarters was established in 1952 in Kathmandu. Mr. Toran Shamsher J.B.Rana was appointed the first Inspector General of Police. The Police Act, 2012 BS (1955 AD) came into effect. The Police Regulation, 2015 BS (1959 AD) came into effect.[citation needed]

The Parliamentary Government under the multi-party system was adopted for some years which was followed by Panchayat System since 1960. The establishment of the Central Police Training Centre in 1963 A.D.[citation needed]

From The Period 1990 Till Date[edit]

The Peoples democratic movement of 1990 reinstated the multi party democratic system. The new constitution of the kingdom was promulgated on November 9, 1991. The Police Reform Commission was constituted in the year 1992 and Modernization of the Police Organisation started to tune with the aspirations of the people and norms of Multi-Party system. The first contingent of Police personnel was deployed in UN Mission in 1991. More than 2000 police personnel have already left their feet serving the international community in blue helmet. Nepal Police is the main and principle law enforcement agency of Nepal.[citation needed]

Nepal Police has total 67,416 police personnel and has 2,344 permanent and 507 temporary police offices and units spread all over the country.[citation needed]

The present chief of Nepal Police is IGP Upendra Kant Aryal. (From on November 16, 2013 by the decision of Government of Nepal, dated November 11, 2013)

Chiefs of Nepal Police[edit]

  1. Toran Shumsher J.B.R.
  2. Nara Shumsher J.B.R.
  3. Gyan Bahadur Yakthumba
  4. Gopal Shumsher J.B.R.
  5. Purna Singh Khawas
  6. Dhundi Raj Sharma
  7. Tirtha Bahadur Shah
  8. Pahal Singh Lama
  9. Rom Bahadur Thapa
  10. Khadgajeet Baral
  11. Durlav Kumar Thapa
  12. Dil Bahadur Lama
  13. Hem Bahadur Singh
  14. Ratna Shumsher J.B.R.
  15. Moti Lal Bohora
  16. Achyut Krishna Kharel
  17. Dhruba Bahadur Pradhan
  18. Pradip Shumsher J.B.R.
  19. Shyam Bhakta Thapa
  20. Om Bikram Rana
  21. Hem Bahadur Gurung
  22. Ramesh Chand Thakuri
  23. Rabindra Pratap Shah
  24. Kuber Singh Rana
  25. Upendra Kant Aryal [1]


There are four departments in the Police Headquarters that function to undertake the policing activities of Nepal Police. These departments are headed either by DIGP OR AIGP. In addition to the departments, there are National Police Academy and recently established Office of the Inspector General of Police that are also looked after by Additional Inspector General of Police.

National Police Academy[edit]

AIGP Rajendra Singh Bhandari

Crime Investigation Department[edit]

AIGP Surendra Bahadur Shah

Administration Department[edit]

AIGP Birendra Babu Shrestha

Human Resource Development Department[edit]

AIGP Ramesh Shekhar Bajracharya

Operations Department[edit]

AIGP Ganeshraj Rai

Metropolitan Police Commissioner's Office[edit]

AIGP Bigyan Raj Sharma [2]

Traffic Police Division[edit]

Deputy Inspector General of Police Jaya Bahadur Chand

About National Police Academy:

National Police Academy of Nepal (NPA), formerly known as the Sadar Prahari Talim Kendra, is an academic wing of Nepal Police. It is solely responsible for conducting basic and advanced training programmed for the police officers in Nepal. AIGP Rajendra Singh Bhandari is the Executive Director of this Academy. The NPA is the apex body of all Nepal Police Training Institutions in the country. Its goal is to develop quality human resources for Nepal Police to achieve organizational and individual objectives with a strong commitment of service and responsibility to the people. The Academy is set to be the 'Center for Excellence' and is committed to expand its resource base through tie-ups with s Naimilar institutions in and outside the country. The main objectives of NPA are:

  1. To conduct foundation training's (induction courses) by offering developmental opportunities to the senior police officers and technical police officers.
  2. To prepare police instructors required for the entire police training system in Nepal Police and provide consultancy services.
  3. To offer and undertake advanced training for senior police officers in the field of leadership, management and administration, proactive policing, community policing trainer's training, etc.
  4. To extend prospective and substantive relationship with universities in the relevant subjects and to award academic degrees to the trainees.
  5. To organize workshops, seminars, symposiums,conferences and short courses in policing issues.
  6. To carry out quality research activities (required by Police Headquarters-PHQ) or to act as an research faculty (qualitative research on behalf of PHQ) regarding police profession to develop analytically capability.
  7. To extend assistance and advice police headquarters i.e. consultancy service rendered to PHQ in formulating training policies.

Central Polygraph Section[edit]

Nepal Police has started using Polygraph system for credibility assessment in criminal and internal disciplinary investigations from 6 February 2014. Nepal Police has established "Central Polygraph Section" in Crime Investigation Department at Police Headquarters. Polygraph Examiners Dipak Bhandari, Ganesh Shrestha, Jyoti Thapa are currently serving in the section. Dipak Bhandari conducted the first ever test in Nepal on 6th February 2014, the day is marked as the polygraph day in Nepal.[citation needed]

Research and Planning Directorate[edit]

Research and Planning (R&P)Directorate of Nepal Police was established in 1987 as the research and planning division. Now, the R&P Directorate is responsible for conducting research on the issues of institutional development and service delivery and making the plans based on the findings of the research. The directorate is responsible for conducting research and formulating plans based on the research.

Altogether 17 Research and planning sections have been established at departmental and regional levels under R&P Directorate to build a quick network to facilitate research and planning activities of Nepal police.[citation needed]


Uniform of the Nepal Police consists of summer and winter gear.[3]

Regular officers wear a light blue shirt with navy blue pants. Junior ranks wear beret while high ranked officers wear Peaked cap (with a blue band) with most senior officers with braids on the peak.

Riot police (Special Task Force Police) wear blue DPM pattern camouflage uniforms will ball cap. Winter uniform adds a blue jacket or sweater.

Rank Insignia[edit]

Rank Insignia on epaulettes
Inspector General Two star pips, crossed Kukri and police baton within a wreath of leaves
Additional Inspector General one star pip, crossed Kukri and police baton within a wreath of leaves
Deputy Inspector General crossed Kukri and police baton within a wreath of leaves
Senior Superintendent three stars pips with crossed Kukri and police baton
Superintendent two stars pips with crossed Kukri and police baton
Deputy Superintendent one star pip, crossed Kukri and police baton
Inspector crossed Kukri and police baton
Sub Inspector two stars pips
Assistant Sub Inspector one star pip
Police Head Constable None - wears three chevrons on shoulder
Police Constable None - wears a red and yellow shoulder strap

The emblem of the Nepalese Police are worn on headgear from all members. The emblem consists of:

Source: Nepal Police [4]



External links[edit]