Nepal Police

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Nepal Police
नेपाल प्रहरी
Motto सत्य सेवा सुरक्षणम्
Truth, Service & Security
Agency overview
Formed 1951 AD (2007 B.S.)
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction Nepal
Legal jurisdiction Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts
Primary governing body Government of Nepal
Secondary governing body Ministry of Home Affairs
Constituting instrument
  • Police Act 2012
General nature • Local civilian agency
Headquarters Naxal, Kathmandu

Agency executive
Child agency
Nepal police on duty at Fulpati 2013 at Kathmandu Durbar Square at Kathmandu
Traffic Police in Kathmandu is challenging for the officers due to high pollution in the city.

The police of Nepal is responsible for maintaining law and order and prevention of crime according to the constitution of Nepal and is under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs.Sarbendra Khanal is the current IGP of Nepal Police.


Prior to 1864 AD[edit]

The Police institution dates back to the ancient times as does the history and language of the country.[citation needed]

During The Rana Regime (1864–1951 AD)[edit]

During Rana Regime, little was done to institutionalize the Police Organisation, establishing Milisiya, Thana police Chakki, office of Police director general etc. which gradually shaped The Nepal Police to this modern "Nepal Police".[citation needed]

During the period 1951–1990[edit]

Nepal saw the dawn of democracy after the fall of the Rana regime. The Police Headquarters was established in 1952 in Kathmandu. Mr. Toran Shamsher J.B.Rana was appointed the first Inspector General of Police. The Police Act, 2012 BS (1955 AD) came into effect. The Police Regulation, 2015 BS (1959 AD) came into effect.[citation needed]

The Parliamentary Government under the multi-party system was adopted for some years which was followed by Panchayat System since 1960. The establishment of the Central Police Training Centre in 1963 A.D.[citation needed]


The Peoples democratic movement of 1990 reinstated the multi party democratic system. The new constitution of the kingdom was promulgated on November 9, 1991. The Police Reform Commission was constituted in the year 1992 and Modernization of the Police Organisation started to tune with the aspirations of the people and norms of Multi-Party system. The first contingent of Police personnel was deployed in UN Mission in 1991. More than 2000 police personnel have already left their feet serving the international community in blue helmet. Nepal Police is the main and principal law enforcement agency of Nepal.[citation needed]

Nepal Police has total 67,416 police personnel and has 2,344 permanent and 507 temporary police offices and units spread all over the country. The present chief of Nepal Police is Prakash Aryal.[1]

Head of Nepal Police[edit]

The Nepalese Police is headed by the Inspector General of Police of Nepal. He reports directly to the Ministry of Home Affairs and is appointed by the Government of Nepal for a tenure of four years, although two IGPs have served for six years.[2][3]

Organizational structure[edit]

There are four departments in the Police Headquarters that function to undertake the policing activities of Nepal Police. These departments are headed either by Additional Inspector General of Police (AIGP) or Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIGP). In addition to the departments, there are the National Police Academy and the Metropolitan Police Office that are being looked by Additional Inspector General of Police.

Central Investigation Bureau[edit]

Head: DIGP Bijay Kumar Bhatta [4]

Administration Department[edit]

Head: DIGP Madhav Prasad Joshi [5]

Human Resource Development Department[edit]

Head: DIGP Kesari Raj Ghimire [6]

Operations Department[edit]

Head: DIGP Pashupati Upadhyay[7]

National Police Academy[edit]

Head: DIGP Devendra Subedi[8]

The National Police Academy of Nepal, formerly known as the Sadar Prahari Talim Kendra, is an academic wing of Nepal Police. It is solely responsible for conducting basic and advanced training programmed for the police officers in Nepal. AIGP Rajendra Singh Bhandari is the Executive Director of this Academy. The NPA is the apex body of all Nepal Police Training Institutions in the country. Its goal is to develop quality human resources for Nepal Police to achieve organizational and individual objectives with a strong commitment of service and responsibility to the people. The Academy is set to be the 'Center for Excellence' and is committed to expand its resource base through tie-ups with similar institutions in and outside the country. The main objectives of NPA are:

  1. To conduct foundation training's (induction courses) by offering developmental opportunities to the senior police officers and technical police officers.
  2. To prepare police instructors required for the entire police training system in Nepal Police and provide consultancy services.
  3. To offer and undertake advanced training for senior police officers in the field of leadership, management and administration, proactive policing, community policing trainer's training, etc.
  4. To extend prospective and substantive relationship with universities in the relevant subjects and to award academic degrees to the trainees.
  5. To organize workshops, seminars, symposiums, conferences and short courses in policing issues.
  6. To carry out quality research activities (required by Police Headquarters-PHQ) or to act as a research faculty (qualitative research on behalf of PHQ) regarding police profession to develop analytically capability.
  7. To extend assistance and advice police headquarters i.e. consultancy service rendered to PHQ in formulating training policies.

Metropolitan Police Office[edit]

Rajnath in Nepal
Nepal police officer escorting Indian Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh in Tribhuvan International Airport, kathmandu

Head: DIGP Bam Bahadur Bhandari [9]

Metropolitan Traffic Police Division[edit]

Head: IGP Sarbendra Khanal [10]

Central Polygraph Section[edit]

Nepal Police has started using Polygraph system for credibility assessment in criminal and internal disciplinary investigations from 6 February 2014. Nepal Police has established "Central Polygraph Section" in Crime Investigation Department at Police Headquarters.

Research and Planning Directorate[edit]

Research and Planning (R&P)Directorate of Nepal Police was established in 1987 as the research and planning division. Now, the R&P Directorate is responsible for conducting research on the issues of institutional development and service delivery and making the plans based on the findings of the research. The directorate is responsible for conducting research and formulating plans based on the research.

Altogether 17 Research and planning sections have been established at departmental and regional levels under R&P Directorate to build a quick network to facilitate research and planning activities of Nepal police.[citation needed]


Uniform of the Nepal Police consists of summer and winter gear.[11]

Regular officers wear a light blue shirt with navy blue pants. Junior ranks wear beret while high-ranked officers wear Peaked cap (with a blue band) with most senior officers with braids on the peak.

Riot police (Special Task Force Police) wear blue DPM pattern camouflage uniforms will ball cap. Winter uniform adds a blue jacket or sweater.

Rank insignia[edit]

Rank Insignia on epaulettes
Inspector General (IGP) Two star pips, crossed Khukuri and police baton within a wreath of leaves
Additional Inspector General (AIG) One star pip, crossed Khukuri and police baton within a wreath of leaves
Deputy Inspector General (DIG) Crossed Khukuri and police baton within a wreath of leaves
Senior Superintendent (SSP) Three stars pips with crossed Khukuri and police baton
Superintendent (SP) Two stars pips with crossed Khukuri and police baton
Deputy Superintendent (DSP) One star pip, crossed Khukuri and police baton
Inspector Crossed Khukuri and police baton
Sub Inspector Two stars pips
Assistant Sub Inspector One star pip
Police Head Constable None - wears Three chevrons on shoulder
Police Constable None - wears a red and yellow shoulder strap

The emblem of the Nepalese Police are worn on headgear from all members. The emblem consists of:

Source: Nepal Police[12]


See also[edit]


External links[edit]