Nepal Police

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Nepal Police
नेपाल प्रहरी
Motto सत्य सेवा सुरक्षणम
Truth, Service & Security
Agency overview
Formed 1951 A.D. (2007 B.S.)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Legal jurisdiction Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts
Primary governing body Government of Nepal
Secondary governing body Home Ministry
Constituting instrument Police Act 2012
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Naxal, Kathmandu
Agency executive Prakash Aryal, Inspector General of Police (IGP)
Child agency Nepal Police Club
Nepal police on duty at Fulpati 2013 at Kathmandu Durbar Square at Kathmandu

Since policing is a constitutional obligation on the part of the government in Nepal, Nepal Police Organization is the main administrative apparatus in the hands of the government to safeguard people's constitutional rights and to maintain law and order in the country.



Prior to 1864 AD[edit]

The Police institution dates back to the ancient times as does the history and language of the country.[citation needed]

During The Rana Regime (1864-1951 AD)[edit]

During Rana Regime, little was done to institutionalize the Police Organisation, establishing Milisiya, Thana police Chakki, office of Police director general etc. which gradually shaped The Nepal Police to this modern "Nepal Police".[citation needed]

During The Period 1951 till 1990[edit]

Nepal saw the dawn of democracy after the fall of the Rana regime. The Police Headquarters was established in 1952 in Kathmandu. Mr. Toran Shamsher J.B.Rana was appointed the first Inspector General of Police. The Police Act, 2012 BS (1955 AD) came into effect. The Police Regulation, 2015 BS (1959 AD) came into effect.[citation needed]

The Parliamentary Government under the multi-party system was adopted for some years which was followed by Panchayat System since 1960. The establishment of the Central Police Training Centre in 1963 A.D.[citation needed]

From The Period 1990 Till Date[edit]

The Peoples democratic movement of 1990 reinstated the multi party democratic system. The new constitution of the kingdom was promulgated on November 9, 1991. The Police Reform Commission was constituted in the year 1992 and Modernization of the Police Organisation started to tune with the aspirations of the people and norms of Multi-Party system. The first contingent of Police personnel was deployed in UN Mission in 1991. More than 2000 police personnel have already left their feet serving the international community in blue helmet. Nepal Police is the main and principal law enforcement agency of Nepal.[citation needed]

Nepal Police has total 67,416 police personnel and has 2,344 permanent and 507 temporary police offices and units spread all over the country. The present chief of Nepal Police is Prakash Aryal.[1]

Chiefs of Nepal Police[edit]

S.N. Chief of Police In office
1 Toran Shumsher J.B.R. 1950 April - 1950 April
2 Nara Shumsher J.B.R. 1950 April - 1953 December
3 Gyan Bahadur Yakthumba 1953 December - 1955 August
4 Gopal Shumsher J.B.R. 1955 August - 1956 July
5 Purna Singh Khawas 1956 July - 1957 August
6 Dhundi Raj Sharma 1957 August - 1961 December
7 Pahal Singh Lama 1961 December - 1966 July
8 Rom Bahadur Thapa 1966 July - 1972 July
9 Khadgajeet Baral 1972 July - 1978 July
10 Durlav Kumar Thapa 1978 July - 1982 June
11 Dil Bahadur Lama 1982 June - 1986 June
12 Hem Bahadur Singh 1986 June - 1990 June
13 Ratna Shumsher J.B.R. 1990 June - 1992 February
14 Moti Lal Bohora 1992 February - 1996 January
15 Achyut Krishna Kharel 1996 February - 1996 March
16 Dhruba Bahadur Pradhan 1996 March - 1996 December
17 Achyut Krishna Kharel 1996 December - 1999 September
18 Pradip Shumsher J.B.R. 1999 September - 2001 December
19 Shyam Bhakta Thapa 2002 December - 2006 September
20 Om Bikram Rana 2006 September - 2008 September
21 Hem Bahadur Gurung 2008 September - 2009 February
22 Ramesh Chand Thakuri 2009 February - 2011 May
23 Rabindra Pratap Shah 2011 June - 2012 September
24 Kuber Singh Rana 2012 September -2013 November
25 Upendra Kant Aryal 2013 November - 2017 February
26 Prakash Aryal 2017 April -



There are four departments in the Police Headquarters that function to undertake the policing activities of Nepal Police. These departments are headed either by Additional Inspector General of Police (AIGP) or Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIGP). In addition to the departments, there are National Police Academy and Metropolitan Police Office that are being looked by Additional Inspector General of Police.

National Police Academy[edit]

DIGP Devendra Subedi [3]

National Police Academy of Nepal (NPA), formerly known as the Sadar Prahari Talim Kendra, is an academic wing of Nepal Police. It is solely responsible for conducting basic and advanced training programmed for the police officers in Nepal. AIGP Rajendra Singh Bhandari is the Executive Director of this Academy. The NPA is the apex body of all Nepal Police Training Institutions in the country. Its goal is to develop quality human resources for Nepal Police to achieve organizational and individual objectives with a strong commitment of service and responsibility to the people. The Academy is set to be the 'Center for Excellence' and is committed to expand its resource base through tie-ups with similar institutions in and outside the country. The main objectives of NPA are:

  1. To conduct foundation training's (induction courses) by offering developmental opportunities to the senior police officers and technical police officers.
  2. To prepare police instructors required for the entire police training system in Nepal Police and provide consultancy services.
  3. To offer and undertake advanced training for senior police officers in the field of leadership, management and administration, proactive policing, community policing trainer's training, etc.
  4. To extend prospective and substantive relationship with universities in the relevant subjects and to award academic degrees to the trainees.
  5. To organize workshops, seminars, symposiums, conferences and short courses in policing issues.
  6. To carry out quality research activities (required by Police Headquarters-PHQ) or to act as a research faculty (qualitative research on behalf of PHQ) regarding police profession to develop analytically capability.
  7. To extend assistance and advice police headquarters i.e. consultancy service rendered to PHQ in formulating training policies.

Crime Investigation Department[edit]

DIGP Prakash Aryal [4]

Administration Department[edit]

DIGP Madhav Prasad Joshi [5]

Human Resource Development Department[edit]

DIGP Kesari Raj Ghimire [6]

Operations Department[edit]

DIGP Pashupati Upadhyay [7]

Metropolitan Police Office[edit]

DIGP Bam Bahadur Bhandari [8]

Metropolitan Traffic Police Division[edit]

DIGP Mingmar Sherpa [9]

Central Polygraph Section[edit]

Nepal Police has started using Polygraph system for credibility assessment in criminal and internal disciplinary investigations from 6 February 2014. Nepal Police has established "Central Polygraph Section" in Crime Investigation Department at Police Headquarters.

Research and Planning Directorate[edit]

Research and Planning (R&P)Directorate of Nepal Police was established in 1987 as the research and planning division. Now, the R&P Directorate is responsible for conducting research on the issues of institutional development and service delivery and making the plans based on the findings of the research. The directorate is responsible for conducting research and formulating plans based on the research.

Altogether 17 Research and planning sections have been established at departmental and regional levels under R&P Directorate to build a quick network to facilitate research and planning activities of Nepal police.[citation needed]


Uniform of the Nepal Police consists of summer and winter gear.[10]

Regular officers wear a light blue shirt with navy blue pants. Junior ranks wear beret while high-ranked officers wear Peaked cap (with a blue band) with most senior officers with braids on the peak.

Riot police (Special Task Force Police) wear blue DPM pattern camouflage uniforms will ball cap. Winter uniform adds a blue jacket or sweater.

Rank Insignia[edit]

Rank Insignia on epaulettes
Inspector General (IGP) Two star pips, crossed Khukuri and police baton within a wreath of leaves
Additional Inspector General (AIG) One star pip, crossed Khukuri and police baton within a wreath of leaves
Deputy Inspector General (DIG) Crossed Khukuri and police baton within a wreath of leaves
Senior Superintendent (SSP) Three stars pips with crossed Khukuri and police baton
Superintendent (SP) Two stars pips with crossed Khukuri and police baton
Deputy Superintendent (DSP) One star pip, crossed Khukuri and police baton
Inspector Crossed Khukuri and police baton
Sub Inspector Two stars pips
Assistant Sub Inspector One star pip
Police Head Constable None - wears Three chevrons on shoulder
Police Constable None - wears a red and yellow shoulder strap

The emblem of the Nepalese Police are worn on headgear from all members. The emblem consists of:

Source: Nepal Police[11]


See also[edit]



External links[edit]