Nephrosis

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Not to be confused with necrosis or nephritis.
Nephrosis
Classification and external resources
MeSH D009401

Nephrosis is any of various forms of kidney disease (nephropathy). In an old and broad sense of the term, it is any nephropathy,[1] but in current usage the term is usually restricted to a narrower sense of nephropathy without inflammation or neoplasia,[2] in which sense it is distinguished from nephritis, which involves inflammation. It is also defined as any purely degenerative disease of the renal tubules.[1] Nephrosis is characterized by a set of signs called the nephrotic syndrome.[2] Nephrosis can be a primary disorder or can be secondary to another disorder.[2] Nephrotic complications of another disorder can coexist with nephritic complications. In other words, nephrosis and nephritis can be pathophysiologically contradistinguished, but that does not mean that they cannot occur simultaneously.

Types of nephrosis include amyloid nephrosis and osmotic nephrosis.

Epidemiology[edit]

Disability-adjusted life year for nephritis and nephrosis per 100,000 inhabitants in 2004.[3]
  no data
  less than 40
  40-120
  120-200
  200-280
  280-360
  360-440
  440-520
  520-600
  600-680
  680-760
  760-840
  more than 840

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Elsevier, Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, Elsevier. 
  2. ^ a b c Nephrosis at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)
  3. ^ "WHO Disease and injury country estimates". World Health Organization. 2009. Retrieved Nov 11, 2009.