Nero Hawley

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Nero Hawley (1742–1817), born into slavery in North Stratford, now Trumbull, Connecticut, enlisted in place of his owner, Daniel Hawley, in the Continental Army on April 20, 1777 during the American Revolution and earned his freedom.[1] His heroic life is featured in the book, From Valley Forge to Freedom, which also notes other areas of Trumbull, Connecticut associated with Hawley's life.

Revolutionary War[edit]

2nd Connecticut[edit]

The 2nd Connecticut Regiment was raised in Spring of 1777 for the new army or Continental Line and was made up of men and slaves from throughout the state of Connecticut. Ordered to assemble in Danbury, Connecticut to prepare to take the field, they went into camp in Peekskill, New York soon after. They served during the summer and fall of 1777 along the Hudson River under the command of General Israel Putnam. On November 14, 1777, they were ordered to join General Washington's main army in Pennsylvania where they engaged in the sharp action of the Battle of White Marsh on December 8, 1777. The unit lost a number of officers and men, killed and wounded in the battle.[2]

Valley Forge, Pennsylvania[edit]

Nero Hawley spent the winter of 1777-1778 at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania under the command of General George Washington. He was a Private in Captain James Beebee's Company, Huntington's Brigade of the 2nd Connecticut Regiment, 1st Connecticut Division.[3] On March 12, 1778, the parish of North Stratford, now Trumbull, Connecticut, made donations of provisions for those residents serving in the southern army stationed at Valley Forge. Of the fifteen men serving there from North Stratford, three were Hawley's; Abraham, Nathan and Nero. Nero Hawley answered seven roll calls between December 1777 and June 1778 during the harsh winter encampment.

Nero Hawley Grave Riverside Cemetery

Battle at Monmouth, New Jersey[edit]

On July 28, 1778 he fought in the Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey. Hawley was assigned to the 2nd Connecticut Brigade commanded by Huntington and camped at White Plains before spending the winter of 1778-1779 with the division at Redding, Connecticut. He served on the east side of the Hudson River in General Heath's wing during operations of 1779 and with the Light Company under Captain Ten Eyck. He was then detached to Meig's Light Regiment and engaged the enemy at the Battle of Stony Point on July 15, 1779. Wintered during 1779-1780, at Morristown, New Jersey, serving on the outposts.[4] In 1780, he served with the main army along the Hudson River and wintered at Camp Connecticut village above the Robinson House during 1780-1781.

Private life[edit]

Daniel Hawley House ca. 1756

Nero married Peg, the slave servant of the Unity Parish pastor, Reverend James Beebe, in 1761. They raised seven children, five born before Nero enlisted in the army. Hawley was emancipated in 1782, however, the children born to Nero and Peg were the property of Reverend Beebe. Two children were listed in Beebe's inventory of his estate after his death in 1785. Nero formally emancipated all four children in 1801 when they were twenty-six and thirty-four years of age.[5]

On March 14, 1791, Hawley, described in the old North Stratford Ecclesiastical Society book as a free Negro man, withdrew with others from the Congregational Society of North Stratford, now Trumbull, and became a member of the Episcopal Church at Ripton, now Huntington.[6]

On May 26, 1808, Hawley's pension was increased to $3.33 per month. After the war, Hawley became a brick maker and received a final pension increase to $40 per year in 1813.[7] Nero Hawley died in 1817 at the age of 75, and is buried in the Riverside Cemetery in Trumbull Center.


Nero's grandsons Grant and Peter Hawley were named trustees of the Zion Colored Methodist Episcopal Church in June 1835 when the church purchased land on Broad Street in Bridgeport, Connecticut to construct a church building.[8] The church, now known as the Walter's Memorial African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, is the oldest black church in Bridgeport and celebrated its 175th anniversary in 2010.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ African Americans at War: an encyclopedia, Jonathan Sutherland, 2004, page 216 [1]
  2. ^ Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution, Benson Lossing, 1852, Vol. II page 320 [2]
  3. ^ Valley Forge Muster Roll
  4. ^ Collections of the Connecticut Historical Society, 1901, Vol. VIII page 53 [3]
  5. ^ The slaves of central Fairfield County: the journey from slave to freeman in nineteenth-century Connecticut, Daniel Cruson, The History Press, 2007, p.28
  6. ^ A History of the Old Town of Stratford and the City of Bridgeport Connecticut, Reverend Samuel Orcutt, 1886, Part 2 page 1030 [4]
  7. ^ Collections of the Minnesota Historical Society, 1894, Vol. 6 page 515
  8. ^ A History of Connecticut's Golden Hill Paugussett Tribe, Charles Brilvitch, The History Press, 2007, p. 36
  9. ^ CT Post June 2010, Meg Barone


  • E. Merrill Beach, From Valley Forge To Freedom, Trumbull Historical Society, Trumbull, CT, 1976
  • Reverend Samuel Orcutt, A History of the Old Town of Stratford and the City of Bridgeport, Connecticut, Fairfield County Historical Society, 1886
  • Robert Mayo and Ferdinand Moulton, Army & Navy Pension Laws, and Bounty Land Laws of the United States Excluding Sundrey Resolutions of Congress, 1776 to 1852, J. T. Towers, Washington, 1852

External links[edit]