Neuheim

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Neuheim
Sihlbrugg Babenwaag.jpg
Coat of arms of Neuheim
Coat of arms
Neuheim is located in Switzerland
Neuheim
Neuheim
Neuheim is located in Canton of Zug
Neuheim
Neuheim
Coordinates: 47°12′N 8°35′E / 47.200°N 8.583°E / 47.200; 8.583Coordinates: 47°12′N 8°35′E / 47.200°N 8.583°E / 47.200; 8.583
Country Switzerland
Canton Zug
District n.a.
Area[1]
 • Total 7.92 km2 (3.06 sq mi)
Elevation 666 m (2,185 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 2,154
 • Density 270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Postal code 6345
SFOS number 1705
Surrounded by Baar, Hausen am Albis (ZH), Hirzel (ZH), Menzingen
Website www.neuheim.ch
SFSO statistics

Neuheim is a municipality in the canton of Zug in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Neuheim is first mentioned in 1080 as Niuheim.[3] In 1173 the parish church of St. Blasien was built and Neuheim became the center of the parish of Neuheim. The parish was originally part of Einsiedeln and in 1363 was transferred to Kappel Abbey. In 1512 the Abbey sold the rights to the parish income to the parish of Menzingen and also to the parish of Neuheim. Then, finally in 1675 the parish acquired complete rights to its income. Almost two centuries later, in 1848, the municipality joined the parish and became independent of Menzingen.

Geography[edit]

Neuheim has an area, as of 2006, of 8 km2 (3.1 sq mi). Of this area, 65.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 18.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 14.3% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the moraine landscape between the Lorze and Sihl rivers. It shares the village of Sihlbrugg with Baar (ZG), Hausen am Albis (ZH), Hirzel (ZH). The village is part of an important transportation route between Zürich and the Innerschweiz (Central Switzerland).

Demographics[edit]

Neuheim has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 2,154.[5] As of 2007, 17.3% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years, the population has grown at a rate of 3.7%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (87.9%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common (2.1%) and French being third (1.5%).[4]

In the 2007 federal election, the most popular party was the SVP which received 33.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (30.8%), the CVP (18.7%) and the Green Party (12.4%).[4]

In Neuheim, about 78.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Neuheim has an unemployment rate of 1.14%. As of 2005, there were 83 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 35 businesses involved in this sector. 365 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 36 businesses in this sector. 473 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 104 businesses in this sector.[4]

Neuheim's main religion is Roman Catholicism, with 62% of the population. The rest are primarily Swiss Reformed Church, Denominationless, or Non-Religious.

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1743 442
1799 532
1850 764
1900 605
1950 739
1970 781

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Neuheim in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 22-Sep-2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016