New London, Texas
|New London, Texas|
Main Street in New London, Texas
|• Total||8.6 sq mi (22.4 km2)|
|• Land||8.6 sq mi (22.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||551 ft (168 m)|
|• Density||120/sq mi (45/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1342494|
New London was originally known as just "London". However, as the US Post Office had already established a station at London, Texas in Kimble County, the town changed its name to "New London" in 1931.
On March 18, 1937, the London School Explosion killed 294 people (most were children). As a result of the disaster, Texas passed laws requiring natural gas to be mixed with a malodorant to provide early warning of any leak. Other states quickly followed. Eventually, the legal requirement for malodorant in natural gas became a legal requirement in the United States.
New London is located at (32.256101, -94.931567).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.6 square miles (22 km2), of which, 8.6 square miles (22 km2) of it is land and 0.12% is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 987 people, 352 households, and 268 families residing in the city. The population density was 114.3 people per square mile (44.1/km²). There were 388 housing units at an average density of 44.9/sq mi (17.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.59% White, 4.86% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 2.33% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.86% of the population.
There were 352 households out of which 34.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.6% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the city, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,984, and the median income for a family was $36,979. Males had a median income of $27,981 versus $15,313 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,009. About 13.5% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.
- The Handbook of Texas Online article on New London, Texas
- New London's West Rusk Schools homepage
- Texas Bob's New London, Texas webpage
- The London Museum of New London, TX webpage
- Pictorial history of New London, Texas
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "294 killed in New London, Texas school explosion, 80 years ago". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-04-27.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "OUT OF DARKNESS" (Archive). Kirkus Reviews. June 1, 2015. Review posted online May 6, 2015. Retrieved on November 8, 2015.