Location of Tatum, Texas
|• Total||3.8 sq mi (9.8 km2)|
|• Land||3.8 sq mi (9.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||338 ft (103 m)|
|• Density||309.9/sq mi (119.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1369625|
Tatum is located at (32.314853, -94.518875).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.8 square miles (9.8 km²), all land.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Tatum has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,175 people, 459 households, and 324 families residing in the city. The population density was 309.9 people per square mile (119.7/km²). There were 523 housing units at an average density of 137.9/sq mi (53.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.62% White, 16.43% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 7.15% from other races, and 2.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.62% of the population.
There were 459 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,000, and the median income for a family was $30,119. Males had a median income of $26,719 versus $19,063 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,181. About 20.4% of families and 25.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.8% of those under age 18 and 20.2% of those age 65 or over.
Tatum was settled in the 1840s by Albert Tatum and his second wife, Mary C. (Rippetoe) Tatum. In 1848, they built a large plantation there. In 1885, the Santa Fe Railway came through, and the town was divided into individual lots. One of their sons, Paul "Uncle Fox" Tatum, who studied architecture in New York, laid out the streets. He became the postmaster in 1886. The city of Tatum lies along Trammel's Trace, an old trade route. A marker at the south end of town commemorates it. In the city park stands the restored Santa Fe depot.
Albert Tatum was born on August 12, 1810, in Hancock County, Georgia, the son of William Tatum and Alice B. (Dent) Tatum. Albert Tatum first married Rebecca Elizabeth Ann Menefee about 1837 in Chambers County, Alabama. They were the parents of one son, William C. Tatum, who was born on June 25, 1838 in Chambers County, Alabama.
After the death of his first wife on December 31, 1840 in Chambers County, Alabama, Albert Tatum married Mary C. Rippetoe on September 22, 1841, in Tallapoosa County, Alabama. At one time, Albert Tatum owned over 4,000 acres (16 km²) of land around the current town of Tatum.
After the town's first bank was established in 1903, things got bad early in the 20th century as a tornado destroyed part of the town in 1904. The next year, a fire destroyered almost all of the north side of town.
Martin Creek Lake State Park is located four miles (6 km) southeast of Tatum. The park was deeded to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department by Texas Utilities and opened to the public in 1976. The park is located on 5,000-acre (20 km2) Martin Creek Lake, constructed to provide cooling water for the lignite-fired Martin Lake power plant. Martin Creek Lake State Park provides excellent, year round fishing, camping, wildlife observation and photography, picnicking, boating, water skiing, unsupervised lake swimming, backpacking, and hiking. Annual events at Martin Creek Lake State Park include: Christmas in The Piney Woods (1st weekend in December), Fourth of July Bike Parade, Annual Family Easter Egg Hunt. The park also offers regular programs most weekends including, Geocaching 101, Dutch Oven Cooking (4th Saturday of every month), Guided Hikes, Guided Paddling Programs, Star Gazing, and Art in the Parks craft programs.
- Larry Centers, NFL running back
- Denarius Moore, Oakland Raiders wide receiver
- Bob Allen, former pitcher for the Cleveland Indians
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Tatum, Texas
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Tatum at TexasEscapes
- SourceWatch: Martin Lake Steam Station
- Maloukis, Park Superintendent(2015)