|Public kabushiki kaisha|
|Traded as||TYO: 3723|
|Masayuki Kato, Founder
Toshihiro Kondo, President
The Legend of Heroes
Nihon Falcom Corporation (日本ファルコム株式会社 Nihon Farukomu Kabushiki-kaisha?) is a Japanese video game company. The company was founded in March 1981 by Masayuki Kato. Falcom has played a definite role in the growth and development of the Japanese personal computer software industry. The company released one of the first Japanese role-playing video games in 1983 and followed with real-time action and adventure games as well as games with fully developed soundtracks. They are credited with pioneering the action role-playing game genre and the Japanese role-playing game industry, and remain one of the oldest role-playing game developers still in existence today.
Falcom was one of the three most important Japanese role-playing video game developers in the 1980s, alongside Enix and Square, both of which were influenced by Falcom. They are credited with laying the foundations for the Japanese role-playing game industry.
Falcom's first role-playing game was Panorama Toh (Panorama Island), released for the NEC PC-88 in 1983 and created by Yoshio Kiya, who would go on to create the Dragon Slayer and Brandish franchises. While its RPG elements were limited, lacking traditional statistical or leveling systems, the game featured real-time combat with a gun, bringing it close to the action RPG formula that Falcom would later be known for. Set on a desert island, the game's overworld is presented as a hex grid and featured a day-night cycle. There were also indigenous non-player characters (NPCs) who the player could choose to attack, have a conversation with, or give money for items, though NPCs could choose to run away with the money. In order to survive on the island, the player needs to find and consume rations, as every normal action consumes hit points. The island also has traps, which require calling for help and waiting for NPCs to help. The player could also be bit by snakes that poison and paralyze the player, requiring medicine to heal or calling for help from NPCs.
Falcom eventually went on to create their flagship franchises, including the Dragon Slayer, The Legend of Heroes and Ys series. The original Dragon Slayer was responsible for setting the template for the action role-playing game genre. Dragon Slayer II: Xanadu (1985) had more than 400,000 copies sold, making it the best-selling PC game up until that time.
While most of Falcom's games have been ported to various video game consoles of all generations, they have only developed a few non-PC video games themselves. The company's decision to develop mainly for PCs rather than consoles set them apart from their main rivals, Enix and Square, but limited the company's popularity in the Western world, thus limiting their growth potential in the 1990s. Nevertheless, in terms of the number of game releases, Falcom's flagship Ys series is second only to Final Fantasy as the largest Eastern role-playing game franchise, as of 2011.
Falcom was also a pioneer in video game music, with their early soundtracks mostly composed by chiptune musicians Yuzo Koshiro and Mieko Ishikawa, and some arranged by Ryo Yonemitsu. They were the first company to produce game music CDs, the first to apply vocals to game music, and one of the very first to have their own sound team composed of professional musicians dedicated to games, the Falcom Sound Team jdk. Falcom's Ys soundtracks in particular are considered some of the finest and most influential role-playing game scores of all time.
System indicated reflects the first release (or concurrent releases) of the game.
Many of these titles were not developed by Falcom, and in some cases bear little resemblance to the original game.
- Faxanadu (NES) Nintendo
- Tombs & Treasure (NES) Infocom
- Ys: The Vanished Omens (SMS) Sega
- Ancient Land of Ys (DOS) Kyodai Software Publishing
- Legacy of the Wizard (NES) Brøderbund Software
- Sorcerian (DOS PC) Sierra Entertainment
- Ys Book I & II (Turbo CD) NEC Home Entertainment
- Ys III: Wanderers from Ys (Genesis) Renovation Productions
- Ys III: Wanderers from Ys (SNES) American Sammy
- Ys III: Wanderers from Ys (Turbo CD) Turbo Technologies
- Dragon Slayer: The Legend of Heroes (Turbo CD) Turbo Technologies
- Brandish (SNES) Koei
- Popful Mail: Magical Fantasy Adventure (Sega CD) Working Designs
- Xanadu Next (N-Gage) Nokia
- Legend of Heroes: A Tear of Vermillion (PSP) Namco Bandai Games
- Legend of Heroes II: Prophecy of the Moonlight Witch (PSP) Namco Bandai Games
- Legend of Heroes III: Song of the Ocean (PSP) Namco Bandai Games
- Ys: The Ark of Napishtim (PS2) Konami
- Ys: The Ark of Napishtim (PSP) Konami
- Ys Book 1 (mobile) Hudson
- Gurumin: A Monstrous Adventure (PSP) Mastiff Games
- Ys Strategy (DS) Rising Star Games
- Ys Book I & II (Virtual Console) Hudson
- Legacy of Ys: Books I & II (DS) Atlus
- Faxanadu (Virtual Console) Hudson
- Ys Seven (PSP) XSEED Games
- Ys I & II Chronicles (PSP) XSEED Games
- Ys: The Oath in Felghana (PSP) XSEED Games
- The Legend of Heroes: Trails in the Sky (PSP/PC) XSEED Games
- Brandish: The Dark Revenant (PSP) XSEED Games
- Ys: The Oath in Felghana (PC) XSEED Games
- Ys Origin (PC) XSEED Games
- Ys I & II Chronicles+ (PC) XSEED Games
- Ys Memories of Celceta (PS VITA) XSEED Games
- The Legend of Heroes: Trails in the Sky SC (PSP/PC) XSEED Games
- Ys VI The Ark of Napishtim (PC) XSEED Games
- The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel (PS3/VITA) XSEED Games
- Xanadu Next (PC) XSEED Games
- The Legend of Heroes: Trails of Cold Steel II (PS3/VITA) XSEED Games
Many Falcom games have been licensed and developed by other companies such as NEC, Hudson Soft, Epoch, Tokyo Shoseki (aka Tonkin House), Sega, RIOT, Victor, Koei and Konami, for various PC and video game systems.
- Bailey, Kat (May 18, 2010). "Hack and Slash: What Makes a Good Action RPG?". 1UP.com. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
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- Gifford, Kevin (September 7, 2011). "The Trail of Nihon Falcom: The president of Japan's oldest existing RPG maker speaks". 1UP.com. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
- Massey, Tom. "Chronicles of Ys: A Series Retrospective". eurogamer.net. Gamer Network.
- John Harris (July 2, 2009). "Game Design Essentials: 20 RPGs - Dragon Slayer". Gamasutra. p. 13. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- Sam Derboo (June 2, 2013), Dark Age of JRPGs (7): Panorama Toh ぱのらま島 - PC-88 (1983), Hardcore Gaming 101
- "Xanadu Next home page". Retrieved September 8, 2008. (Translation)
- Hendricks, Fayyaad (December 22, 2011). "A complete history of role-playing videogames: Part 2". EL33TONLINE. Retrieved December 25, 2011.
- Massey, Tom. "Inside Ys: Nihon Falcom Interview". eurogamer.net. Gamer Network.
- Szczepaniak, John (July 7, 2011). "Falcom: Legacy of Ys". GamesTM (111): 152–159 . Retrieved September 8, 2011. (cf. Szczepaniak, John (July 8, 2011). "History of Ys interviews". Hardcore Gaming 101. Retrieved September 8, 2011.)
- Kalata, Kurt (February 2014). "Ys". Hardcore Gaming 101. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- Ryan Mattich. "Falcom Classics II". RPGFan. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- Chris Greening & Don Kotowski (February 2011). "Interview with Yuzo Koshiro". Square Enix Music Online. Retrieved August 27, 2015.