Nikolai Durov

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Nikolai Durov
Native name Никола́й Вале́рьевич Ду́ров
Born (1980-11-21) 21 November 1980 (age 37)
Nationality Russian
Alma mater Saint Petersburg State University, University of Bonn
Occupation Programmer, mathematician
Known for

Founding VK in 2006

Founding Telegram Messenger in 2013
Relatives Pavel Durov (brother)
Awards St. Petersburg Mathematical Society Young Mathematician Prize (2006)

Nikolai Valeryevich Durov (Russian: Никола́й Вале́рьевич Ду́ров; born 21 November 1980) is a Russian programmer and mathematician. He is the elder brother of Pavel Durov, together with whom he founded the social networking site VK[1] and later Telegram.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

In 1996, 1997 and 1998 Durov participated in the International Mathematical Olympiad, winning a gold medal in each of the three contests he took part in.[3] (where his contestant name was Nikolai Dourov.) In 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998 he won one gold and three silver medals in the International Olympiad in Informatics.[4] He was a member of Saint-Petersburg State University ACM team, which won the ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest in 2000[5] and 2001.[6]

He received his first PhD from Saint-Petersburg State University in 2005. He continued his mathematical education at the University of Bonn having received another PhD under supervision of Gerd Faltings.[7]



Durov introduced commutative algebraic monads as a generalization of local objects in a generalized algebraic geometry.[8] Versions of a tropical geometry, of an absolute geometry over a field with one element and an algebraic analogue of Arakelov geometry were realized in this setup.

He holds the position of a senior research fellow at the laboratory of algebra at the St. Petersburg Department of Steklov Institute of Mathematics of Russian Academy of Sciences.[9]

Other work[edit]

Durov worked as a lead developer of the team until 2013.[10]

Durov founded Telegram and developed the MTProto protocol for Telegram in 2013.

Durov is believed to be the author of the original TON (Telegram Open Network) whitepaper.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Forumvk 2010 stars". Archived from the original on 2010-11-22. 
  2. ^ Shu, Catherine. "Meet Telegram, A Secure Messaging App From The Founders Of VK, Russia's Largest Social Network - TechCrunch". 
  3. ^ "International Mathematical Olympiad". 
  4. ^ "Nikolai Dourov". 
  5. ^ "Final report of the ACM programming contest 2000". Archived from the original on 2011-01-02. 
  6. ^ "Final report of the ACM programming contest 2001". Archived from the original on 2011-01-02. 
  7. ^ "HCM: 404". 
  8. ^ Nikolai, Durov (16 April 2007). "New Approach to Arakelov Geometry". arXiv:0704.2030Freely accessible [math.AG]. 
  9. ^ "PDMI - Durov N.V." 
  10. ^ Anton, Blagoveshchensky (April 30, 2014). "Брат Павла Дурова предсказал новые увольнения из "ВКонтакте"". Rossiyskaya Gazeta. Retrieved October 28, 2014.