Aerial Photo of Nikolski
|Census Area||Aleutians West|
|• State senator||Lyman Hoffman (D)|
|• State rep.||Bryce Edgmon (D)|
|• Total||132.8 sq mi (344.0 km2)|
|• Land||132.1 sq mi (342.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)|
|• Density||0.3/sq mi (0.1/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-9 (Alaska Standard (AKST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-8 (Alaska Daylight (AKDT))|
Nikolski (Russian: Никольский, Chalukax̂ in Aleut) is a census-designated place (CDP) on Umnak Island in Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska, United States. The population was 18 at the 2010 census, down from 39 in 2000.
Nikolski is located at .
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 132.8 square miles (344 km2), of which, 132.1 square miles (342 km2) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) of it (0.55%) is water.
The boundary between the Alaska Time Zone (UTC-9) and Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone (UTC-10) passes just west of Nikolski, along the line of 169°30'W through Samalga Pass. This places Nikolski in the Alaska Time Zone. However, as Nikolski is part of the Aleutian Region School District the settlement effectively observes Hawaii-Aleutian time.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
Nikolski first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as the unincorporated Aleut village of "Nikolsky." It had 127 residents, of which 117 were Aleut, 8 were Creole (Mixed Russian & Native) and 2 were White. In 1890, it returned as "Umnak", with 94 residents, of which 80 were native and 14 were Creole. It did not appear again until 1920, when it again reported as "Umnak." Beginning with the 1930 census and to date, it has reported as Nikolski. It was made a census-designated place (CDP) in 1980.
As of the census of 2000, there were 39 people, 15 households, and 12 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 0.3 people per square mile (0.1/km²). There were 28 housing units at an average density of 0.2/sq mi (0.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 30.77% White and 69.23% Native American.
There were 15 households out of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 20.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.0% were non-families. 20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 35.9% under the age of 18, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,750, and the median income for a family was $40,250. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $11,875 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,083. There were 23.5% of families and 20.7% of the population living below the poverty line, including 13.6% of under eighteens and 55.6% of those over 64.
Nikolski is served by the Aleutian Region Schools.
The Nikolski School served grades K-12. The school had one live-in teacher that occupies a small home owned by the school district adjacent to the school building purpose-built for teachers and their family. The school built was constructed in 1939 by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Circa 1978 the school had a single teacher, and 15 students. As of 2009[update] schools in rural Alaska must have at least 10 students to retain funding from the state. For the 2009-2010 school year, however, Nikolski School had only nine students. This threatened the school's existence, and it closed after the conclusion of the 2009-2010 school year.
- Bergsland, K. (1994). Aleut Dictionary. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Code of Federal Regulations, 49 CFR 71.12
- Federal Aviation Administration, Dutch Harbor Sectional Aeronautical Chart, Retrieved from SkyVector.com  on April 12, 2008
- e-mail communication with Dan Masoni, Librarian, Unalaska Public Library, 2008-06-18; see also http://osdir.com/ml/time.tz/2004-11/msg00009.html
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Yardley, William (November 25, 2009). "Alaska's Rural Schools Fight Off Extinction". The New York Times. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
- Aleutian Islands, Aleutian Peninsula Debris Removal: Environmental Impact Statement. United States Army Corps of Engineers, 1980. p. 58.
- Aleutian Islands, Aleutian Peninsula Debris Removal: Environmental Impact Statement. United States Army Corps of Engineers, 1980. p. 59.
- Olsen, Erik (November 25, 2009). "An Alaskan Village in Crisis". The New York Times.
- "Nikolski School Information." Aleutian Region School District. Retrieved on February 13, 2017.