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Scientific classification e
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Nitrospirae
Class: Nitrospira
Order: Nitrospirales
Family: Nitrospiraceae
Genus: Nitrospira

N. moscoviensis
N. marina

Not to be confused with Nitrospina bacteria

Nitrospira is a genus of bacteria in the phylum Nitrospirae. The first member of this genus was described 1986 by Watson et al. isolated from the Gulf of Maine. The bacterium was named Nitrospira marina.[1] The second member of this genus was discovered in 1995 from a corroded iron pipe in a Moscow heating system. The bacterium was named Nitrospira moscoviensis and is a gram-negative nitrite-oxidising organism with a helical to vibroid morphology 0.9-2.2 x 0.2-0.4 micrometres in size.[2] Members of Nitrospira with the capabilities to perform complete nitrification (Comammox bacteria) has also been discovered.[3][4]

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  1. ^ Stanley W. Watson; Eberhard Bock; Frederica W. Valois; John B. Waterbury; Ursula Schlosser (1986). "Nitrospira marina gen. nov. sp. nov.: a chemolithotrophic nitrite-oxidizing bacterium.". Arch Microbiol. 144 (1): 1–7. doi:10.1007/BF00454947. 
  2. ^ Ehrich S, Behrens D, Lebedeva E, Ludwig W, Bock E (1995). "A new obligately chemolithoautotrophic, nitrite-oxidizing bacterium, Nitrospira moscoviensis sp. nov. and its phylogenetic relationship.". Arch Microbiol. 164 (1): 16–23. PMID 7646315. doi:10.1007/BF02568729. 
  3. ^ van Kessel, Maartje A. H. J.; Speth, Daan R.; Albertsen, Mads; Nielsen, Per H.; Camp, Huub J. M. Op den; Kartal, Boran; Jetten, Mike S. M.; Lücker, Sebastian (2015). "Complete nitrification by a single microorganism". Nature. 528: 555–9. PMC 4878690Freely accessible. PMID 26610025. doi:10.1038/nature16459. 
  4. ^ Daims, Holger; Lebedeva, Elena V.; Pjevac, Petra; Han, Ping; Herbold, Craig; Albertsen, Mads; Jehmlich, Nico; Palatinszky, Marton; Vierheilig, Julia (2015). "Complete nitrification by Nitrospira bacteria". Nature. 528: 504–9. PMID 26610024. doi:10.1038/nature16461. 

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