Noha

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Noha is a female Arabic name that means pleural of brain; brains, it also means wisdom and knowledge.

A noha (Persian: نوحه‎, Urdu: نوحہ‎; translit. nūḥa/nawḥa), when interpreted in light of Shia views, is a lament about the tragedy of Husayn ibn Ali in the Battle of Karbala.[1]

Marsiya and Noha has the historical and social milieu of pre-Islamic Arabic and Persian culture.[2] The sub-parts of Marsiya are called Noha and Soaz which means lamentation. It is usually a poem of mourning.[3] Lamentation has a central part in the literature of the followers and devotees of the Shia sect and its offshoots. The tradition of elegizing Hussain and the Karbala tragedy is not limited to Arabic speaking poets, poets from different languages have also contributed a significant poetic literature in their language. In Urdu language, a number of poets like, Mir Anis and Mirza Dabeer have contributed a treasure in Marsiya and its sub branch Noha. In like manner, English-speaking poets, whether Muslim, Christian, have also made significant contributions to produce elegies for Imam Hussain and the Karbala tragic incidents.[4] Noha (Latmiyat in Arabic) in English language written by various poets may be listened in voices of different Noha readers like Bassim Al-Karbalaei, Nazim Ali, Syeda Fatima Zaheer Rizvi, Darakhshan and Farheen Fatima in Urdu language, Hashim sisters, Rahil Abbas Rizvi etc.[5][6]

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Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Punjab". The Concise Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. Routledge. 2013. p. 1053. ISBN 978-1-136-09594-8. 
  2. ^ "Urdu Marsiay and Nohay". ABNA. December 6, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Terminology of Urdu Poetry". Intekhab-o-Lughat. Retrieved December 12, 2015. 
  4. ^ Fakhr Rohani, Ph.D, Muhammad Reza (2010-05-18). Ashura Poems in English Explained and Annotated (Volume 1) (2006 ed.). Al-Hassanain(p) Network Imam Hussain(p) Foundation. pp. 1–2(Forewords). 
  5. ^ http://www.almujtaba.com/1/englishlatmiyah.html retrieved: 12 December 2015
  6. ^ Nazim Ali (April 3, 2010). "General Lamentations". Al-Hassanain Org. Retrieved December 12, 2015.