Nokdim Hebrew: נוֹקְדִים, lit. Shepherds) is a communal settlement and Israeli settlement in the West Bank, located south of Bethlehem in the northern Judean hills. The mixed community of religious and secular Jews, both native Israelis and immigrants with a population of 1,308 (2009) is within the municipal jurisdiction of the Gush Etzion Regional Council.
Nokdim was founded on July 5, 1982, by residents of Tekoa. The settlement was originally named El-David in memory of two residents of Tekoa - Eli Pressman, a new immigrant from France who was killed in the 1982 Lebanon War, and David Rosenfeld, manager of the tourist site at Herodium who was murdered in July 1982 by two of his Palestinian employees. The name was rejected by the government naming committee who suggested the name Nokdim, which was accepted by the settlers.
A 2006 Peace Now-report said that up to 30 percent of the land Nokdim is built on is privately owned, all or most of it by Palestinians. According to Israeli law, settlements on privately owned Palestinian land are illegal. However, in the data provided by the Civil Administration, "there is no mention of whether the private land is owned by Palestinians or by Jews... Nevertheless, it is highly probable that most of the land that is marked here as private land (if not all of it) is privately owned Palestinian land."
In September 2001, Sarit Amrani (26) of Nokdim was shot dead in Tekoa when people opened fire on her family's car. Her husband Shai was seriously injured, while their three children, Zohar (4), Ziv (2) and Raz (3 months), who were in the car at the time of the shooting survived physically unharmed.
In February 2002, Aharon Gorov (46) and Avraham Fish (65) were killed in a shooting attack between Nokdim and Tekoa. Fish's daughter Tamar Lipschitz, who was nine months pregnant, was shot in the stomach. After being rushed to the hospital, she delivered a daughter through Caesarean section. Fish's granddaughter, Karine (4), suffered from shock. Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility.
- Avigdor Lieberman, Israel's current foreign minister
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nokdim.|
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- In the data provided by the Civil Administration “there is no mention of whether the private land is owned by Palestinians or by Jews... Nevertheless, it is highly probable that most of the land that is marked here as private land (if not all of it) is privately owned Palestinian land”."Settlement are built on Private Palestinian Land". Peace Now. 14 March 2007. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- Sarit Amrani
- Avraham Fish
- Aharon Gorov