25 November 1925
|Died||6 July 2008 (aged 82)|
|Spouse(s)||Vyacheslav Tikhonov (divorced)|
Noyabrina Viktorovna Mordyukova (Russian: Но́нна (Ноябри́на) Ви́кторовна Мордюко́ва; 25 November 1925 – 6 July 2008) was a Soviet actress and People's Artist of the USSR (1974). She was the star of films like director Denis Yevstigneyev's Mama and Nikita Mikhalkov's 1980s hit Family Relations. The editorial board of the British Who's Who encyclopedia included Nona Mordyukova among the top 20 actresses of the 20th century.
Nonna (Noyabrina) Viktorovna was born into a large family in the Cossack village of Kostiantynivka, Donetsk Region, Ukrainian SSR. Nonna spent her childhood in a settlement where her mother worked as chairwoman of kolkhoz (collective farm).
In 1946, Mordyukova entered the Actors’ Faculty of VGIK and studied there under Boris Bibikov and Olga Pyzhova. After graduating she played on stage of Theatre Studio of Film Actor and was often featured by film directors.
Her filmography reveals, however, that while she has had the chance to work with a constellation of the best Soviet directors, it has usually been for one project only. There is no high-profile director with whom she has a continuous working relationship.
Other one-time collaborations with well-known directors have been with Mikhail Shvejtser for Chuzhaya rodnya (1955), Lev Kulidzhanov for Otchij dom (1959), with Leonid Gaidai for The Diamond Arm, with Andrei Konchalovsky for the Turgenev adaptation Dvoryanskoye gnyezdo (1969), with Grigori Chukhrai for Tryasina (1978), with Eldar Ryazanov for Railway Station for Two, and with Nikolai Gubenko for Zapretnaya zona (1988).
She appeared only once in a film by Nikita Mikhalkov, who structured his village comedy-drama Kinfolk (1981) entirely around the personality of the actress, who had by that time established herself as an epitome of the Russian peasant woman.
The role of Klavdia Vavilova, a robust and boisterous Red Army Commissar who has accidentally become pregnant, in Aleksandr Askoldov's Commissar (1967) is Mordyukova's most memorable work. The film, shot in 1966, was shelved and was only released in 1988. By that time Mordyukova was over sixty and had starred in over twenty other films.
The wide critical acclaim and appreciation for what is probably her best performance came too late to have any definitive effect on her profile as an actor. She received FIPRESCI Award, Otto Dibelius Film Award, and Special Jury Prize at the Berlin International Film Festival, and Silver Spur Award (Flanders International Film Festival) for The Commissar.
During the period of perestroika, Mordyukova appeared in a number of supporting roles in a range of comedy-dramas. Similarly, she has been a highly visible presence throughout the 1990s, with supporting roles in some of the most-popular Russian features, such as Pavel Lungin's Luna Park (1992) and Vladimir Menshov's Shirli-Myrli (1995).
In 1999 she played the leading role in Мother (1999), directed by Denis Yevstigneyev; a family saga loosely based on a real story, mixing action, melodrama and comedy elements and spanning several decades.
Reportedly, "Russian cinema goers and critics call Mordyukova one of the best actresses of the 20th century."
In over fifty years of work in the cinema she has played in dozens of films, where she acted mainly as ordinary Russian women.
The asteroid 4022 Nonna is named after Nonna Mordyukova.
|Year||English Title||Original Title||Role|
|1948||The Young Guard||Молодая гвардия||Uliana Gromova|
|1952||The Return of Vasili Bortnikov||Возвращение Василия Бортникова||Nastya Ogorodnikova|
|1955||Other People's Relatives||Чужая родня||Stesha Ryashkina|
|1959||A Home for Tanya||Отчий дом||Stepanida|
|1960||A Simple Story||Простая история||Sasha Potapova|
|1965||Balzaminov's Marriage||Женитьба Бальзаминова||Belotelova|
|1965||Thirty Three||Тридцать три||Galina Pristyazhnyuk|
|1967||The Commissar||Комиссар||Klavdiya Vavilova|
|1968||The Diamond Arm||Бриллиантовая рука||Varvara Pliushch|
|1970||Shine, Shine, My Star||Гори, гори, моя звезда||Madame|
|1971||Russian field||Русское поле||Fedosia Ugryumova|
|1973||No Return||Возврата нет||Antonina Kashirina|
|1975||They Fought for Their Country||Они сражались за Родину||Natalya Stepanovna|
|1977||Incognito from St. Petersburg||Инкогнито из Петербурга||Anna Andreevna|
|1981||Family Relations||Родня||Maria Konovalova|
|1982||Station for Two||Вокзал для двоих||"Uncle Misha"|
|1995||What a mess!||Ширли-мырли||Registry Office Worker|
Honours and awards
- State awards
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland;
- 2nd class (25 November 2005) - for outstanding contribution to the development of national culture and cinema, many years of creative activity
- 3rd class (23 November 2000) - for his great personal contribution to the development of cinematography
- 4th class (27 November 1995) - for services to the state and many years of fruitful work in the arts and culture 
- Order of Friendship of Peoples (1985)
- Order of the Badge of Honour (1975)
- People's Artist of the USSR (1974)
- People's Artist of the RSFSR (1969)
- Honoured Artist of the RSFSR (1965)
- Stalin Prize, 1st class (1949) - for his role in the film Uliana Gromova, "Young Guard" '
- State Prize of the RSFSR Vasiliev brothers (1973) - for roles in "Crane", "President", etc.
- Prize of the President of Russia (2001) in art and literature
- Public Awards
- National Film Award "Nika" (2004) in the "honour and dignity"
- Premium business circles of Russia, "Idol" (1999) in the nomination "For high service to art"
- Award "Kinotavr" (1996) in the "President's Council Award for creative careers"
- Award "Golden Aries" (1995) in the "Man of cinematic year"
- Recognised as one of the 10 most prominent actresses of the 20th century (1992) - according to the Editorial Board of the British reference book Who's Who
- Yulia Savelyeva's Naked City. Yulia Savelyeva. The Moscow Times. No. 1812. October 9, 1999.
- Nonna Mordyukova among "Who Is Who"'s top 20 actresses, voiceofrussia.com; 25 November 2010.
- NONNA MORDYUKOVA; Star of 'The Commissar', cause celèbre of glasnost cinema. John Riley. The Independent (London). OBITUARIES; Pg. 44. 12 July 2008
- Vladimir Putin Awards Famed Russian Actress Nonna Mordyukova Order for Service To Fatherland. RIA Novosti November 25, 2000.
- Указ Президента Российской Федерации В. Путина от 25 ноября 2005 года № 1368 «О награждении орденом "За заслуги перед Отечеством" II степени Мордюковой Н. В.». // docs.cntd.ru
- Указ Президента Российской Федерации В. Путина от 23 ноября 2000 года № 1924 «О награждении орденом "За заслуги перед Отечеством" III степени Мордюковой Н. В.». // docs.cntd.ru
- Указ Президента Российской Федерации Б. Ельцина от 27 ноября 1995 года № 1185 «О награждении государственными наградами Российской Федерации». Archived 2014-12-19 at the Wayback Machine // graph.document.kremlin.ru
- Нонна Мордюкова. Биографическая справка
- Имена. Нонна Мордюкова. Сайт «Энциклопедия отечественного кино»
- Королева Нонна. Героиней главного киновечера года была Мордюкова
- Открытый российский кинофестиваль «Кинотавр». Призёры 1991—2005 годов. // kinotavr.ru
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